Unit History: Yorkshire Volunteers
The Yorkshire Volunteers, a Territorial Army Infantry Regiment of the Line, was formed on 1st April 1967 and, being a Regiment formed by the amalgamation of Territorial Army major units, is successor to:
The Humber Regiment Royal Artillery (Territorials)
The West Riding Regiment Royal Artillery (Territorials)
The Sheffield Artillery Volunteers Royal Artillery (Territorials)
3rd Battalion The Prince of Wales’s Own Regiment of Yorkshire (T.A.)
The Leeds Rifles The Prince of Wales’s Own Regiment of Yorkshire (T.A.)
4th/5th Battalion The Green Howards (T.A.)
The West Riding Battalion The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment (T.A.)
The Hallamshire Battalion The York and Lancaster Regiment (T.A.)
The Defence Review of 1966 directed a sweeping cut-back in the size of the Territorial Army. As one result, the Yorkshire Volunteers was formed by the amalgamation of elements of the Territorial Army battalions of Yorkshire’s infantry regiments. The Headquarters of the new Regiment was at York and four rifle companies were based at York, Middlesbrough, Halifax and Sheffield. In 1969 a fifth company was formed in Leeds from elements of the Leeds Rifles and the five parent Territorial Army major units were reduced from battalion to cadre strength and placed under the administration of the Yorkshire Volunteers.
In 1971, the 2nd Battalion and 3rd Battalion Yorkshire Volunteers were raised by the five infantry cadres together with the cadres of the three remaining Royal Artillery Territorial Army Regiments in the County of York. The two Battalion Headquarters were at York and Huddersfield respectively. The new companies were, in the main, raised upon the detachment locations previously used by the 1st Battalion Yorkshire Volunteers.
A further reorganisation, completed on 1st January 1988, resulted in the formation of a 4th Battalion, but on the 4th April 1992 the 3rd and 4th Battalions amalgamated to become the 3rd/4th Battalion Yorkshire Volunteers with its Headquarters at Sheffield.
The conclusion of the Options for Change review of the Territorial Army saw the introduction of a policy of closer linkage between Territorial Army Battalions and their Regular counterparts. As a result, the Ministry of Defence directed that the Yorkshire Volunteers was to be disbanded and that its constituent Battalions would, in future, separately form part of the Yorkshire Infantry Regiments of the Line.
3rd Battalion The Prince of Wales’s Own Regiment of Yorkshire
(late 2nd Battalion Yorkshire Volunteers)
4th/5th Battalion The Green Howards
(Alexandra, Princess of Wales’s Own Yorkshire Regiment) (Yorkshire Volunteers)
(late 1st Battalion Yorkshire Volunteers)
3rd Battalion The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment
(West Riding) (Yorkshire Volunteers)
(late 3rd/4th Battalion Yorkshire Volunteers)
All three Battalions resulting from this reorganisation bore the secondary title Yorkshire Volunteers. The Band, alone, remained; continuing to serve its Territorial Army Battalions and administered by the 3rd Battalion The Prince of Wales’s Own Regiment of Yorkshire (Yorkshire Volunteers), but still designated The Band of the Yorkshire Volunteers.
The affiliation between Yorkshire Volunteers and HMS Sheffield was maintained by 3rd Battalion The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment (West Riding) (Yorkshire Volunteers).
On the 25th April 1993, slightly less than a year after the 25th Anniversary Celebrations, a Regimental Parade and Service of Rededication was held in Catterick Garrison to mark the disbandment of the Yorkshire Volunteers, in the presence of Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Kent GCVO, Honorary Colonel Yorkshire Volunteers.
Strategic Defence Review 1998
The TA battalions of the three Yorkshire Infantry Regiments were each reduced, forming part of two multi-badged battalions.
The two remaining Green Howards companies, one in Scarborough, with a detachment in Northallerton, the other in Middlesbrough with a detachment at Coulby Newham were "removed" from Yorkshire and placed into the new Tyne Tees Regiment. The two 3PWO companies, York and Hull, joined with 3DWR companies at Barnsley and Huddersfield, and a re-formed Light Infantry company at Pontefract, in the newly created The East and West Riding Regiment. The Band, which had survived the 1993 "Options for Change" was finally axed with effect from 1st April 1999.
However, following a trend established almost 120 years earlier, the band did not disappear.
Although not following a strict lineage, former Yorkshire Volunteers had remained in a Drill Hall in Rotherham and become 146 Recovery Company REME, and soldiers of 4/5 Green Howards rebadged as 104 (Pioneer) Squadron, Royal Logistics Corps, in Coulby Newham.
It is said that "what goes round, comes round". It is interesting to note that in 1969 when the Leeds Rifles joined the Regiment, they brought with them an Assault Pioneer Platoon, which was "dropped" only a few years later. In 1999, former Yorkshire Volunteers again adopted the role of Pioneers. Some would say they had always been pioneers!
The Yorkshire Volunteers, in 1999, is succeeded by the following:
The East and West Riding Regiment
Imphal Company York, plus
Leeds Rifles Platoon, Leeds
Quebec Company Sutton-on-Hull, plus
a detachment in Beverley
Ypres Company Huddersfield, plus
a platoon in Keighley
Fontenay Company Barnsley, plus
a platoon in Sheffield
Tyne Tees Regiment
A (Green Howards) Coy Scarborough, plus
a detachment in Northallerton
B (Green Howards) Coy Middlesbrough, plus
a detachment in Coulby Newham
REME, 146 Recovery Company
Royal Logistics Corps, 104 Pioneer Squadron
2006 - The Yorkshire Regiment
In April 2006, the two Green Howards companies of Tyne Tees Regiment will merge with East & West Riding Regiment, prior to becoming the 4th Battalion, The Yorkshire Regiment, on the 6th June. This will restore things to much as they were thirty five years ago!