Unit History: 5th (Northumberland) Regiment of Foot

5th (Northumberland) Regiment of Foot

In 1782 The Fifth Regiment of Foot became His Majesty’s Fifth (Northumberland) Regiment of Foot.
Whilst in the Peninsula War the regiment earned the nicknames, “The Old and Bold," "The Fighting Fifth," also "Lord Wellington's Bodyguard." It formed part of a small force which beat off an overwhelming body of the enemy at El Boden in 1811, a performance which Wellington notified to the Army as a memorable example of what can be done by steadiness, discipline, and confidence." The Regiment was in the 3rd Division, 2nd Brigade under command of Major General Charles Colville.

5th (Northumberland) Regiment of Foot during the Napoleonic War

The Peninsular War was a war between France and the allied powers of Spain, the United Kingdom, and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. The war began when French and Spanish armies crossed Spain and invaded Portugal in 1807. Then, in 1808, France turned on its ally, Spain. The war lasted until the Sixth Coalition defeated on in 1814.

Battles / Campaigns

Toulouse (1814) Napoleonic 1793-1815

The Battle of Toulouse was one of the final battles of the Napoleonic Wars, four days after Napoleon's surrender of the French Empire to the nations of the Sixth Coalition. Having pushed the demoralized and disintegrating French Imperial armies out of Spain in a difficult campaign the previous autumn, the Allied British, Spanish, and Portuguese army under the Marquess of Wellington pursued the war into southern France in the spring of 1814.

Toulouse, the regional capital, proved stoutly defended by Marshal Soult. One British and two Spanish divisions were mauled in the bloody fighting on April 10, with Allied losses exceeding French casualties by 1,400. Soult held the city for an additional day when he orchestrated an escape from the town with his entire army. Wellington's entry on the morning of April 12 was acclaimed by a great number of Royalists. That afternoon, the official word of Napoleon's abdication and the end of the war reached Wellington. Soult agreed to an armistice on April 17.
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