The Royal Hong Kong Regiment (The Volunteers) formed in May 1854 after the Crimean War caused a reduction of British military forces in China. It was under the name The Hong Kong Volunteers. It was funded by the colonial government in Hong Kong. The British government was responsible for the protection of its territories. However, campaigns were funded by the Hong Kong local government, which meant that the Royal Hong Kong Regiment was never part of the British Army.
The Hong Kong Regiment had a number of notable campaigns in the Crimean War and the Second World War. In the latter war, the British Army Aid group was set up to assist China against the Japanese. In the 1970s, members of the group were deployed to assist the civil powers over the problem of illegal immigration from China.
During its lifetime, the regiment changed its name six times. In 1878, it was renamed to the Hong Kong Rifle and Artillery Corps. In 1917, it became the Hong Kong Defence Corps. Three years later, it was altered to the Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps. In 1961, it became the Hong Kong Regiment (The Volunteers). In 1970, it gained the acolade ’Royal’ in its title. The unit disbanded in 1995.