Unit History: Royal Regiment of Artillery

Royal Regiment of Artillery
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, is generally known as the Royal Artillery and is nicknamed the Gunners. The Regiment is an Arm of the British Army. Despite its name, it is made up of sixteen regiments.
On the 26th May 1716, two regular companies of field Artillery were raised in Woolwich, London (now the home of Royal Artillery Barracks). In 1722, these companies were grouped with independent Artillery companies at Gibraltar and Minorca to form the Royal Regiment of Artillery, commanded by Colonel Albert Bogard. By 1757, the regiment had expanded greatly and comprised 24 companies, in two battalions. By 1771, this had increased to 32 companies in four battalions.
In January,1793, two troops of Royal Horse Artillery were raised to provide fire support for the Cavalry. This increased to four troops in November. All personnel were mounted.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery and the Royal Engineers, were under the control of the Board of Ordnance until 1855, where it then came underneath the War Office, following the disastrous campaign of the Crimean War, like the rest of the British Army.
69 Batteries - 21 Horse and 48 Field - of Artillery, from the East India Company were absorbed into the Royal Regiment of Artillery in 1861, and there was now a total of 29 horse batteries, 73 field batteries and 88 heavy batteries.
There was further reorganisation in July 1899, and three distinct groups were formed. The Royal Garrison Artillery, were formed from Coastal Defence, Mountain, Siege and heavy batteries. There was also the Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery. This lasted through World War I, until 1924 when all three separate groups were reformed as the Royal Artillery.
The Royal Horse Artillery, which traditionally had separate uniforms and insignia, to this day retains a separate identity within the Royal Regiment of Artillery. It’s considered by its members to be an elite.

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