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Unit History: Royal Lincolnshire Regiment

Royal Lincolnshire Regiment
The Regiment was first formed in 1685 as The Earl of Bath's Regiment of Foot during the Monmouth Rebellion, when the 1st Duke of Monmouth attempted to overthrow the unpopular King James II.  It was raised by John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath to support King James II however, Monmouth had been caught and beheaded by the time the Regiment was ready to take the field.  Three years later when William of Orange landed in England in order to seize the throne from James II the Earl of Bath and his Regiment supported William of Orange (later King William III) and James II fled into exile in France.  The Regiment went on to serve King William III in The Nine Years' War (1688–97) against the French and won their first battle honour at Steenkirk (1692).
 
In 1751 the Regimental naming convention was simplified with all British Regiments assigned a ranked number of precedence (instead of naming after the present colonel) therefore the Regiment became the 10th Regiment of Foot.  The Regiment went on to serve during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) fighting at the Battles of Lexington, Concord, Bunker Hill, the New York Campaign, Germantown, Monmouth and Rhode Island.  Returning to England in 1778 after 19 years service overseas.
 
In 1782 all British Regiments without Royal titles were awarded county titles in order to aid recruitment from that area and the 10th became the 10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot.  The Regiment went on to fight against the French in Egypt and Portugal during the French Revolutionary War (1792–1802) and the Peninsular War (1802-1814).  It also served in India during the First Anglo-Sikh War (1845–1846) fighting at the Battle of Sobraon, the Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848–1849) and the Indian Rebellion of 1857.  The Regiment also served in Japan from 1868-1871, protecting the small foreign community in Yokohama which maintained the only foreign trading port in Japan at the time.
 
In 1881 the Childers Reforms restructured the British army infantry Regiments into a network of multi-battalion regiments each having two regular and two militia battalions.  The 10th managed to avoid amalgamation with another Regiment but the number of precedence was dropped to become the Lincolnshire Regiment.  The newly formed Regiment went on to serve in various foreign campaigns including; the Second Boer War 1899-1902 fighting at the Battle of Paardeberg and two World Wars.
 
The Regiment was award the title ‘The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment’ in 1946 in recognition of outstanding service during World War II.  However in 1960 it was amalgamated with the Northamptonshire Regiment to form the 2nd East Anglian Regiment (Duchess of Gloucester's Own Royal Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire).  In 1964 it was further merged with The Royal Leicester Regiment, The Norfolk and Suffolk Regiments, the Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment and the Northampton Regiment to form the Royal Anglian Regiment.

Royal Lincolnshire Regiment during WW1

Since 1815 the balance of power in Europe had been maintained by a series of treaties. In 1888 Wilhelm II was crowned ‘German Emperor and King of Prussia’ and moved from a policy of maintaining the status quo to a more aggressive position. He did not renew a treaty with Russia, aligned Germany with the declining Austro-Hungarian Empire and started to build a Navy rivalling that of Britain. These actions greatly concerned Germany’s neighbours, who quickly forged new treaties and alliances in the event of war. On 28th June 1914 Franz Ferdinand the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne was assassinated by the Bosnian-Serb nationalist group Young Bosnia who wanted pan-Serbian independence. Franz Joseph's the Austro-Hungarian Emperor (with the backing of Germany) responded aggressively, presenting Serbia with an intentionally unacceptable ultimatum, to provoke Serbia into war. Serbia agreed to 8 of the 10 terms and on the 28th July 1914 the Austro-Hungarian Empire declared war on Serbia, producing a cascade effect across Europe. Russia bound by treaty to Serbia declared war with Austro-Hungary, Germany declared war with Russia and France declared war with Germany. Germany’s army crossed into neutral Belgium in order to reach Paris, forcing Britain to declare war with Germany (due to the Treaty of London (1839) whereby Britain agreed to defend Belgium in the event of invasion). By the 4th August 1914 Britain and much of Europe were pulled into a war which would last 1,566 days, cost 8,528,831 lives and 28,938,073 casualties or missing on both sides.

The Regiment raised a total of 19 battalions and was awarded 58 Battle honours and 3 Victoria Crosses but lost 8,800 men who died during the course of the war.

1st Battalion
04.08.1914 Stationed at Portsmouth as part of the9th brigade of the 3rd Division. (A contingent of The Bermuda Rifle Volunteer Corps of 2 Officers and 125 men also joined the Battalion.)
14.08.1914 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre where the Division engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
During 1914
The Battle of Mons and the subsequent retreat, The Battle of Le Cateau, The Battle of the Marne, The Battle of the Aisne, The Battles of La Bassee and Messines, First Battle of Ypres.
During 1915
Winter Operations 1914-15, The First and Second Attack on Bellewaarde, The Actions of Hooge.
14.11.1915 Transferred to the 62nd Brigade of the 21st Division and again engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
During 1916
The Battle of Albert, The Battle of Bazentin Ridge, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval, The Battle of Le Transloy.
During 1917
The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The First and Third Battles of the Scarpe, The Battle of Polygon Wood, The Battle of Broodseinde, The Second Battle of Passchendaele, The Cambrai Operations.
During 1918
The Battle of St Quentin, The First Battle of Bapaume, The Battle of Messines, The Second Battle of Kemmel, The Battle of the Aisne 1918, The Battle of Albert, The Second Battle of Bapaume, The Battle of Epehy, The Battle of the St Quentin Canal, The Battle of Cambrai 1918, The Battle of the Selle.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Aymeries north of Aulnoye.

2nd Battalion
04.08.1914 Stationed in Bermuda at the outbreak of war and then moved to Halifax, Nova Scotia.
03.10.1914 Embarked for the UK landing at Devonport, Plymouth and then moved to Hursley Park, Winchester to join the 25th Brigade of the 8th Division.
06.11.1914 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre where the Division engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
During 1915
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle, The Battle of Aubers, The action of Bois Grenier.
During 1916
The Battle of Albert.
During 1917
The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The Battle of Pilkem, The Battle of Langemarck.
04.02.1918 Transferred to the 62nd Brigade of the 21st Division.
During 1918
The Battle of St Quentin, The First and Second Battle of Bapaume, The Battle of Messines, The Second Battle of Kemmel, The Battle of the Aisne 1918, The Battle of Albert, The Battle of Epehy, The Battle of the St Quentin Canal, The Battle of Cambrai 1918, The Battle of the Selle.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Aymeries north of Aulnoye.

3rd Battalion
04.08.1918 Stationed at Lincoln then moved to Grimsby and then Cork, Ireland in 1918.

1/4th Battalion Territorial Force
04.08.1914 Stationed at Lincoln as part of the Lincoln & Leicester Brigade of the North Midland Division.
11.08.1914 Moved to Belpre and then Luton.
01.03.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre, the formation became the 138th Brigade of the 46th Division which engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
The German liquid fire attack at Hooge, The attack at the Hohenzollern Redoubt.
07.01.1916 Embarked Alexandria from Marseilles.
04.02.1916 Embarked for France from Alexandria landing in Marseilles 09.02.1916. The Division once again engaged in actions on the Western Front including;
During 1916
The diversionary attack at Gommecourt.
During 1917
Operations on the Ancre, Occupation of the Gommecourt defences, The attack on Rettemoy Graben, The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The attack on Lievin, The Battle of Hill 70.
31.01.1918 Transferred to the 177th Brigade of the 59th Division absorbing 2/4th Battalion and engaged in various actions including; The Battle of Bapaume, The Battle of Bailleul, The First Battle of Kemmel Ridge.
08.05.1918 Reduced to training cadre and transferred to the 49th Brigade of the 16th Division.
17.06.1918 Transferred to the 102nd Brigade of the 34th Division.
27.06.1918 Transferred first to the 117th and then the 116th Brigade of the 39th Division

1/5th Battalion Territorial Force
04.08.1918 Stationed at Grimsby as part of the Lincoln & Leicester Brigade of the North Midland Division.
11.08.1914 Moved to Belpre and then Luton.
01.03.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre, the formation became the 138th Brigade of the 46th Division which engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
The German liquid fire attack at Hooge, The attack at the Hohenzollern Redoubt.
07.01.1916 Embarked Alexandria from Marseilles.
04.02.1916 Embarked for France from Alexandria landing in Marseilles 09.02.1916. The Division once again engaged in actions on the Western Front including;
During 1916
The diversionary attack at Gommecourt.
During 1917
Operations on the Ancre, Occupation of the Gommecourt defences, The attack on Rettemoy Graben, The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The attack on Lievin, The Battle of Hill 70.
During 1918
The Battle of the St Quentin canal, The Battle of the Beaurevoir Line, The Battle of Cambrai, The Battle of the Selle, The Battle of Sambre.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Sains du Nord S.E. of Avesnes.

2/4th Battalion Territorial Force
13.09.1914 Formed in Lincoln and then moved to St. Albans to join the 177th Brigade of the 59th Division.
April 1916 Moved to Dublin and Fermoy, Ireland.
Jan 1917 Returned to England at Fovant, Wiltshire.
Feb 1917 Mobilised for war and landed in France where the Division engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
The pursuit of the German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, The Battle of Polygon Wood, The capture of Bourlon Wood.
31.01.1918 Absorbed by the 1/4th Battalion.

2/5th Battalion Territorial Force
06.02.1915 Formed at Grimsby and then moved to St. Albans to join the 177th Brigade of the 59th Division.
April 1916 Moved to Dublin and Fermoy, Ireland.
Jan 1917 Returned to England at Fovant, Wiltshire.
Feb 1917 Mobilised for war and landed in France where the Division engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
The pursuit of the German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, The Battle of Polygon Wood, The capture of Bourlon Wood.
08.05.1918 Reduced to training cadre then transferred to the 21st Brigade of the 30th Division.
31.07.1918 Absorbed by the 1/5th Battalion.

3/4th and 3/5th Battalion Territorial Force
01.06.1915 & 17.04.1915 Formed at Lincoln and Grimsby.
08.04.1916 became the 4th and 5th Reserve Battalion at Grantham
01.09.1916 The 4th absorbed the 5th as part of the North Midland reserve Brigade.

6th (Service) Battalion
Aug 1914 Formed at Lincoln as part of the First New Army (K1) and then moved to Belton Park, Grantham as part of the 33rd Brigade of the 11th Division.
April 1915 Moved to Frensham
01.07.1915 Mobilised for war and embarked for Gallipoli from Liverpool via Alexandria and Mudros.
20-30.07.1915 At Cape Helles.
07.08.1915 Landed at Suvla Bay and the Division engaged in various actions including; The Battle of Scimitar Hill and attack on Hill 60
21.12.1915 Evacuated from Gallipoli due to heavy losses from combat, disease and serve weather.
02.02.1916 Moved to Alexandria to take over defences of the Suez Canal.
02.07.1916 Embarked for France from Alexandria landing at Marseilles by 08.07.1916 and the Division engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
The capture of the Wundt-Werk, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Thiepval,
During 1917
Operations on the Ancre, The Battle of Messines, The Battle of the Langemarck, The Battle of Polygon Wood, The Battle of Broodseinde, The Battle of Poelcapelle.
During 1918
The Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of the Drocourt-Quant Line, The Battle of the Canal du Nord, The Battle of Cambrai 1918, The pursuit to the Selle, The Battle of the Sambre.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in Belgium near Aulnois north of Maubeuge.

7th (Service) Battalion
Sept 1914 Formed at Lincoln as part of the Second New Army (K2) and then moved to Wool as part of the 51st Brigade of the 17th Division.
June 1915 Moved to Winchester.
14.07.1915 Mobilised for war landed at Boulogne and the Division engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
During 1916
Actions of Spring 1916, The Battle of Albert, The Battle of Delville Wood.
During 1917
The First and Second Battles of the Scarpe, The Capture of Roeux, The First and Second Battles of Passchendaele.
During 1918
The Battle of St Quentin, The Battle of Bapaume, The Battle of Amiens, The Battle of Albert, The Battle of Bapaume, The Battle of Havrincourt, The Battle of Epehy, The Battle of Cambrai 1918, The pursuit to the Selle, The Battle of the Selle, The Battle of the Sambre.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Aulnoye south of Maubeuge.

8th (Service) Battalion
Sept 1914 Formed at Lincoln as part of the Third New Army (K3) and then moved to Halton Park, Tring as part of the 21st Brigade of the 21st Division and then moved to Leighton Buzzard.
April 1915 Moved back to Halton Park and then Witley.
10.09.1915 Mobilised for war landed at Boulogne and the Division engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
During 1915
The Battle of Loos
08.07.1916 Transferred to the 63rd Brigade of the 37th Division and continued to engaged in various actions on the Western Front including;
During 1916
The Battle of the Ancre.
During 1917
The First and Second Battles of the Scarpe, The Battle of Arleux, The Battle of Pilkem Ridge, The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, The Battle of Polygon Wood, The Battle of Broodseinde, The Battle of Poelcapelle, The First Battle of Passchendaele.
During 1918
The Battle of the Ancre, The Battle of the Albert, The Battle of Havrincourt, The Battle of the Canal du Nord, The Battle of Cambrai, The pursuit to the Selle, The Battle of the Selle, The Battle of the Sambre.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Neuville S.W. of Le Quesnoy.

9th (Service) Battalion
Nov 1914 Formed at Lincoln as a service battalion of the Fourth New Army (K4) in the 91st Brigade of the 30th Division.
10.04.1915 Formation became the 2nd Reserve battalion of the 3rd Reserve Brigade and moved to Lichfield and then Brocton.
01.09.1916 Became the 11th Training Reserve Battalion.

10th (Service) Battalion (Grimsby)
09.09.1914 Formed by the Mayor and Town of Grimsby and then moved to Brocklesby.
June 1915 Moved to Ripon to join the 101st Brigade of the 34th Division.
10.08.1915 Taken over by the war office and moved to Perham Down and then Sutton Veny.
09.01.1916 Mobilised for war and landed in France and the Division engaged in various actions n the Western Front including;
During 1916
The Battle of Albert, The Battle of Bazentin Ridge, The Battle of Pozieres Ridge.
During 1917
The First and Second Battles of the Scarpe, The Battle of Arleux, The fighting at Hargicourt, The Third Battles of Ypres.
03.02.1918 Transferred to the 103rd Brigade of the same Division and continued to engage in various actions including;
During 1918
The Battle of St Quentin, The Battle of Estaires, The Battle of Bailleul, The First Battle for Kemmel Ridge.
18.05.1918 Reduced to training cadre
17.06.1918 Transferred to the 116th Brigade of the 39th Division.
16.08.1918 Transferred to the 66th Division
20.09.1918 Transferred to the 197th Brigade to defend the lines of communication near Aumle.

11th (Reserve) Battalion
Oct 1915 Formed from the depot companies of the 10th Battalion at Lincoln as a reserve battalion.
Jan 1916 Moved to Harrogate to join the 19th reserve brigade and then moved to Durham.
01.09.1916 Became the 82nd training Reserve Battalion of the 19th Reserve Brigade at Newcastle.

12th (Labour) Battalion
July 1916 Formed at Brocklesby.
Aug 1916 Moved to France to work on the Lines of Communication.
April 1917 Transferred to the Labour Corps as the 16th and 17th Labour Corps.

13th Battalion Territorial Force
01.01.1917 Formed in Bath from the 28th Provisional Battalion as part of the 215th Brigade of the 72nd Division then moved to Bedford.
May 1917 Moved to Ipswich
31.10.1917 Disbanded.

1st Garrison Battalion
Sept 1915 Formed and went to India by Oct.

2nd (Home Service) Garrison Battalion
May 1916 Formed at North Coates, Grimsby.
Aug 1917 Became the 4th Battalion Royal Defence Corps.
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Active From: 1946 - 1960

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