Unit History: UNIFCYP
UNFICYP (the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus)
Established in March 1964. It was the eighth UN peacekeeping operation to be founded, and is currently the fourth-oldest UN peacekeeping operation in the world.
Cyprus became independent in 1960 with a constitution that was intended to balance the interests of both Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities. Cyprus, Greece, Turkey, and the United Kingdom entered into a treaty to guarantee the basic provisions of the constitution and the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Cyprus. A series of constitutional crises resulted, however, in the outbreak of intercommunal violence in December 1963. After all attempts to restore peace had failed, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 186 (1964), which recommended the establishment of UNFICYP.
UNFICYP’s mandate, as given in resolution 186 (1964), is to use its best efforts to:
- Prevent a recurrence of fighting
- Contribute to the maintenance and restoration of law and order
- Contribute to a return to normal conditions
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