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Military Genealogy Medieval Record - John Braunche

First Name: John
Other Information: Highly likely to have fought at Agincourt
Surname: Braunche
Rank: Man-at-arms
Captain: Fastolf, John
Commander: Henry V
Record Year: 1415
Activity: Exped France

Agincourt 1415

The Battle of Agincourt was a major English victory against the French army in the Hundred Years' War and took place on 25th Oct 1415.

Estimates vary wildly but some state the English army had between 6,000 and 9,000 troops with 5/6ths of these Archers. The French had up to 36,000 troops of all types. Due to a lack of reliable sources it is impossible to give a precise figure for the French and English casualties. However, it is clear that though the English were outnumbered, their losses were far lower than those of the French. The French sources all give 4,000-10,000 French dead, with up to 1,600 English dead. The lowest ratio in these French sources has the French losing six times more men than the English. The English sources vary between about 1,500 and 11,000 for the French dead, with English dead put at no more than 100. The battle occurred on Friday, 25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin's Day), near modern-day Azincourt, in northern France.

Henry V's victory crippled France and started a new period in the war, during which Henry married the French king's daughter and his son, Henry VI, was made heir to the throne of France (although Henry VI failed to capitalize on his father's battlefield success).

Henry V led his troops into battle and participated in hand-to-hand fighting. The French king of the time, Charles VI, did not command the French army himself as he suffered from severe, repeating illnesses and moderate mental incapacitation. Instead, the French were commanded by Constable Charles d'Albret and various prominent French noblemen of the Armagnac party.

Information on soldiers has been taken from from the AHRC-funded 'The Soldier in Later Medieval England Online Database',, 17/11/2011

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