This bronze campaign medal was established in April 1920 and awarded to all members of the British Territorial Force, including Nursing Sisters (Territorial Force Nursing Services) who volunteered for service oversea. In total 33,934 medals were awarded and it is the rarest of the five WWI campaign medals.
Individuals had to:
(a) Undertook, either verbally or by written agreement on, or before, 30th September, 1914, to serve outside the United Kingdom, such agreement being operative after 4th August, 1914.
(b) have been serving outside the UK with the force between 5th August, 1914, and midnight 11th / 12th November, 1918 (both dates inclusive; the last date was in 1918 though the years on the reverse said 1914-19)
(c) did not qualify for either the 1914 or 1914-15 Star.
This medal is worn immediately after the Victory medal and before all subsequently awarded war medals, and, before Long Service and Meritorious Service Medals.
Materials: The majority of the British medal and clasps are made of solid silver, though some were issue in bronze versions, mainly to Indian non combatants. The majority of the British campaign awards are circular, usually 36mm in diameter.
Ribbons: Medals are worn suspended from their own specific ribbons (or Ribands). These where first made of silk but cotton was increasingly used as the ninetieth century progressed. Their own colours often have a symbolic significance: the blue and white strips of the Egypt medal, for example, are said to signify the blue and white Niles, while the red and green ribbon of the Second Afghan War shows the heraldic colours of Great Britain and of Islam.
Ribbon width can vary slightly though it is generally 32mm wide.
Type – Campaign medal
Established – April 1920
Eligibility – British Forces
Awarded for – Campaign service
Campaign – First World War
Total awarded – 33,944
Related – 1914 Star, 1914-15 Star, Victory Medal, British War Medal, and Mercantile Marine War Medal.
Ribbon – 32mm wide (1.25 in), yellow with two green stripes.
Suspension – Straight (plain)
Naming – The recipient’s number, rank, name and regiment are impressed in block capitals.
Clasps – None Issued.
Description – The medal is a circular bronze design of 36mm (1.42 in) diameter, with a straight bar suspender. The obverse of the Territorial Forces War Medal is the coinage head of King George V facing left, with the legend “GEORGIVS V BRITT. OMN: REX ET IND: IMP” The reverse has the legend “TERRITORIAL WAR MEDAL” across the top. Inside a wreath is the inscription “FOR VOLUNTRY SERVICE OVERSEAS, 1914-19”
Major L L Gordon ‘British Battles and Medals’
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