The South Atlantic Medal is a British campaign medal awarded to all branches of the British Armed Forces, Merchant Navy and Civilians who took part in operations in the South Atlantic. This campaign was between the United Kingdom and Argentina in the Falklands War, the date period being 2nd April, to 12th July, 1982.
Fewer than 29,700 people were awarded the South Atlantic Medal, including HRH Prince Andrew, 1st Duke of York, and civilians such as journalist Michael Nicholson.
No clasps were issued with the medal, but rosette was used to indicate a recipient’s presence in the immediate Falkland's area.
Qualification Requirements for the South Atlantic Medal were:
The medal alone was awarded for 30 days or more in the South Atlantic, south of 7 degrees South and north of 60 degrees South, between the inclusive dates of 2nd April, and 12th June, 1982. The 30 days service period did not have to be consecutive days.
A period of service of 1 or more days in the Falkland Islands, or their South Atlantic dependencies, or in a zone between 35 degrees South and 60 degrees South, or in any operational aircraft sorties out of Ascension Island between 2nd April, and 14th June, 1982 (2nd April, being the date of the Argentine invasion, 14th June, being date of Argentine surrender).
Materials: The majority of the British medals and clasps are made of solid silver, though some were issue in bronze versions, mainly to Indian non-combatants. The majority of the British campaign awards are circular, usually 36mm in diameter.
Ribbons: Medals are worn suspended from their own specific ribbons. These were first made of silk but cotton was increasingly used as the nineteenth century developed. Their own colours often have a symbolic significance: the equal stripes of the ‘1939 to 1945 Star,’ for example, are dark blue to represent the service of the Royal and Merchant Navies, red, to represent that of the Armies and light blue to represent that of Air Forces.
Ribbon width can vary slightly though it is generally 32mm wide.
Ribbon – A central stripe of "sea green" flanked on each side by stripes of white and "empire blue", shaded and watered.
Type – Campaign medal.
Eligibility – British military, Merchant Navy and civilian
Awarded for – Service in the South Atlantic, during the Falklands War 1982.
Campaign – Falklands War.
Established – The South Atlantic Medal Association was formed in 1997.
Designed – Royal Mint.
Naming – Initials and surname, rank or rating, service number and unit of the recipient are diamond engraved on the edge of the medal. For Royal Navy officers it did not include the service number.
Total Awarded – 7,000 issued to the Army, 13,000 to the Royal Navy and 3,700 to the Royal Marines, Royal Fleet Auxiliary 2,000, Royal Air Force 2,000, Merchant Navy and Civilians 2,000.
Clasps – No clasp, a rosette instead.
Suspender – Straight (plain)
Description – The South Atlantic Medal is 36mm diameter and made of Cupronickel. The Obverse of the Medal has the crowned profile of Queen Elizabeth and the wording “ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA FID DEF” on the circumference. The reverse bears a representation of the Coat of Arms of the Falkland Islands, which bears the words “DESIRE THE RIGHT,” surrounded by the words “SOUTH ATLANTIC MEDAL” and a laurel wreath.
Major L L Gordon ‘British Battles and Medals’
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<en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ South_Atlantic_Medal >
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