The Scinde Medal was authorized on 22nd September, 1843 to be awarded to those who had accompanied Sir Charles Napier in the campaign to punish the Amirs of Afghanistan for continually raiding British convoys on their way to and from Afghanistan. The aim was to rid the Muslim rulers from the region who made various hostile demonstrations against the British government after the termination of the First Anglo-Afghan War. Major General Sir Charles Naiper commanded 2,800 men and 12 guns, and in three hours defeated, 30,000 Scindian Infantry supported by 5,00 cavalry and 15 guns. A month later Sir Napier’s actions also resulted in the annexation of Scinde to eastern dominions when his 5,000 troops attacked and routed the enemy, who were estimated at 20,000 strong, and entrenched at Duppa, near Hyberabad.
The 22nd Foot particularly distinguished itself in action during this campaign and on its return to Bombay, India the whole garrison paraded to salute the regiment. Also Lieutenant-General J.L. Pennefather who led the attack had all the steel suspenders removed and replaced by silver ones at his own expense.
This campaign is also remembered by the impressive march of eight days across the desert over which the guns were drawn by hand.
Like some of the earlier Indian campaign medals there are three different striking of this silver award, reflecting service in the battles at Miani or Hyderabad or both, though only the reverse differs
Materials: The majority of the British medals and clasps are made of solid silver, though some were issue in bronze versions, mainly to Indian non-combatants. The majority of the British campaign awards are circular, usually 36mm in diameter.
Ribbons: Medals are worn suspended from their own specific ribbons. These were first made of silk but cotton was increasingly used as the nineteenth century developed. Their own colours often have a symbolic significance: the equal stripes of the ‘1939 to 1945 Star,’ for example, are dark blue to represent the service of the Royal and Merchant Navies, red, to represent that of the Armies and light blue to represent that of Air Forces.
Ribbon width can vary slightly though it is generally 32mm wide.
Ribbon – Silk 45mm Rainbow pattern watered red, yellow and blue.
Suspension – Either by a straight suspender, or a large ring passing through a steel clip attached to the piece. The suspenders on the medals issued to the 22nd Foot were replaced with silver ones at the expense of the unit's Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Colonel Pennefather after they particularly distinguished themselves.
Type – Campaign medal
Eligibility – British Army.
Awarded for – Campaign Service.
Campaign – MEEANEE 1843, HYDERABAD 1843, MEEANEE / HYDERABAD 1843.
Established – 1843
Designer – W.Wyon, R.A.
Naming – In block lettering.
Total Awarded – Not Known.
Clasps – None issued.
Description – Silver disc 37mm wide and the obverse of the Scinde Campaign Medal has the diademed head of Queen Victoria and the legend “VICTORIA REGINA”. The reverse has three different versions that were issued: All contained the city and date surrounded by a laurel wreath and surmounted by a crown:
MEEANEE (17th February, 1843)
The reverse has the legend “MEEANEE” above the date “1843” and surmounted by a crown and surrounded by a wreath. Europeans in the Indus flotilla ships Planet and Satellite received forty medals and native members seventy.
HYDERABAD (24th March, 1843)
The reverse has the legend “HYDERABAD” above the date “1843” and surmounted by a crown and surrounded by a wreath. Europeans in the Indus flotilla ships Comet, Meteor and Nimrod received sixty medals and native members fifty-five.
MEEANEE AND HYDERABAD (1843)
The reverse has the legend “MEEANEE, HYDRABAD” on two lines and on the third line the date “1843” in that order, surmounted by a crown and surrounded by a wreath.
Major L L Gordon ‘British Battles and Medals’
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