Instituted on 20th June, 1974 the Queen's Gallantry Medal (QGM) is awarded to civilians for acts of exemplary bravery at a level below that of the George Medal (GM). The Queen's Gallantry Medal is also awarded to military personnel for acts which military honours would not normally be granted such as acts of exemplary bravery not in the presence of the enemy.
The medal was instituted to replace the Order of the British Empire for Gallantry, the British Empire Medal for Gallantry, and the Colonial Police Medal for Gallantry. It therefore ended the rather strange situation whereby the Order of the British Empire for Gallantry was awarded for lesser acts of bravery than the George Medal, but took precedence over it in order of wear and post nominal letters.
From 30th November 1977, the Queen's Gallantry Medal has been awarded posthumously, and thus from that date it also replaced the Queen's Police Medal for Gallantry.
Materials: The majority of the British medals and clasps are made of solid silver, though some were issue in bronze versions, mainly to Indian non-combatants. The majority of the British campaign awards are circular, usually 36mm in diameter.
Ribbons: Medals are worn suspended from their own specific ribbons. These were first made of silk but cotton was increasingly used as the nineteenth century developed. Their own colours often have a symbolic significance: the equal stripes of the ‘1939 to 1945 Star,’ for example, are dark blue to represent the service of the Royal and Merchant Navies, red, to represent that of the Armies and light blue to represent that of Air Forces.
Ribbon width can vary slightly though it is generally 32mm wide.
Ribbon – Blue with a central pearl-grey stripe bisected by a narrow rose-pink stripe
Suspender - Ring
Type – Civil and military decoration
Eligibility – British and Commonwealth
Awarded for – Exemplary acts of bravery
Established – 20th June 1974
Post Nominals - Recipients may use the post nominal letters "QGM"
Bars / Clasps - Further awards of the Queen's Gallantry Medal (QGM) are indicated by a silver bar ornamented with laurel leaves. When the ribbon alone is worn, a silver rosette denotes award of the Clasp.
Description – Silver circular medal 36mm diameter – The medal reverse shows the crowned effigy of the monarch. The reverse bears St. Edwards crown above the wording on four lines ‘THE QUEEN'S GALLANTRY MEDAL’ flanked by laurel sprigs.
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