The Egypt medal 1882 – 1889, instituted October 1882 for the Egyptian campaign of the same year was awarded for military actions of the British Army in the conflict of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War. This was due to the involvement of the British in Egypt after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 and the foreign armies that started an anti-European uprising in 1882. All recipients of the Egypt Medal were also eligible for one of the four Khedive’s Stars.
Materials: The majority of the British medals and clasps are made of solid silver, though some were issue in bronze versions, mainly to Indian non-combatants. The majority of the British campaign awards are circular, usually 36mm in diameter.
Ribbons: Medals are worn suspended from their own specific ribbons. These were first made of silk but cotton was increasingly used as the nineteenth century developed. Their own colours often have a symbolic significance: the equal stripes of the ‘1939 to 1945 Star,’ for example, are dark blue to represent the service of the Royal and Merchant Navies, red, to represent that of the Armies and light blue to represent that of Air Forces.
Ribbon width can vary slightly though it is generally 32mm wide.
Type – Campaign medal
Eligibility – British and Indian forces
Awarded for – Campaign service.
Campaign – Egypt
Designers – Obverse L.C. Wyon: Reverse J.Pinches.
Naming – Dated medal are engraved in sloping capitals. Undated medals are engraved in sloping capitals to British troops except those awarded to the Royal Marines, which are named in large upright bold capitals. Medals awarded to Indian troops are named in neat small running script. Those awarded to the Egyptian troops are named in Arabic.
Clasps – thirteen awarded.
Ribbon – 32mm wide with three bright blue and two white stripes of equal width.
The medal is 36mm made of silver and 36mm diameter with the obverse: the diademed head of Queen Victoria and Legend “VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX”. Reverse: a Sphinx on decorated pedestal with the word “EGYPT” above. In the exergue is the date “1882” for those awarded in the first campaign; those awarded later have a plain exergue.
Clasps are commonly, though not strictly correctly, also referred to as ‘bars’. They are single-faced metal bars carried on a ribbon attached to the medal, indicating service in a particular campaign or battle. The clasps carry side flanges to enable them to be attached to the medal and riveted to each other, so that new ones can be attached as earned. Usually the first earned Clasp is borne nearest to the medal, so that the latest earned should be at the top, though they can be found in the wrong order.
Bars issued: Relevant date of the action / operation & (star type for the relevant bar in brackets)
Alexandria (11 July)
Tel-El-Kebir (11 September 1882)
Suakin 1884 (19 February – 26 March 1884)
El-Teb (29 February 1884)
Tamaai (13 March 1884)
El-Teb-Tamaai (29 February & 13 March 1884)
The Nile 1884-85:
Was awarded to the men who served south of Assouan on or before 7 March 1885 as part of the expedition to relieve General Gordon, then under siege at Khartoum.
Abu Klea (17 January 1885)
Kirbekan (10 February 1885):
Was awarded to the men of the expedition to relieve Gordon who actually reached Khartoum, and was only awarded together with THE NILE (1884-85) bar
Suakin 1885 (1 March – 14 May 1885)
Tofrek (22 March 1885)
Please note: When you buy this medal from us, it is supplied WITHOUT clasps.
Major L L Gordon ‘British Battles and Medals’
Some of the material on this page was also partially derived from
<en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Egypt_Medal >
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