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TIMELINE

The Battle of Jutland

The greatest naval battle since Trafalgar took place on

May 31st – June 1st, 1916 when Sir John Jellicoe’s Grand

Fleet met the German High Seas Fleet for the first time

and only time at Jutland.

May 31

- The Battle of Jutland - Battle Cruiser Fleet

(1st and 2nd Squadrons) - H.M.SS.

Lion

(F.F. Adm.

Beatty),

Princess Royal

(F. Adm. Brock),

Tiger,

Queen Mary, New Zealand

(F. Adm. Pakenham) and

Indefatigable

- supported by 5th Battle Squadron -

H.M.SS.

Barham

(F. Adm. Evan-Thomas),

Warspite,

Valiant

and

Malaya

- in advance of Main Battle Fleet, by

2 p.m. in Lat. 56°47’ N., Long. 4°40’ E., in North Sea.

2.00 p.m

. - Adm. Beatty turned N.E. to meet Adm.

Jellicoe at appointed position, Lat. 57°45’ N.,

Long. 4° 15’ E.

2.20 p.m

. - British light forces ahead of Battle Cruiser

Fleet sighted German ships to E.S.E. Adm. Beatty turned

S.S.E., course for Horn Reel, to intercept.

2.35 p.m

. - Adm. Beatty altered to E. and N.E., towards

heavy smoke visible E.N.E. Seaplane carrier

Engadine

sent up seaplane scout; first such reconnaissance

in action.

3.31 p.m.

- Adm. Beatty sighted German Battle

Cruiser Squadron - H.I.M.SS.

Lützow

(F. Adm. Hipper),

Derfflinger, Seydlitz, Moltke

, and

Von der Tann

- steering

E.N.E. Battle Cruiser Fleet, on line of bearing, closed

German Squadron from 23,000 yards on E.S.E. course

at 25 knots ; 5th Battle Squadron, 10,000 yards astern,

conformed.

3.48 p.m

. - Both battle cruiser forces opened fire almost

simultaneously at about 18,500 yards. Action on E.S.E.

to S.S.E. course.

4.00 p.m.

- Range about 16,000 yards.

4.06 p.m

. -

Indefatigable

hit by salvo from

Von der Tann

:

magazine exploded; ship sunk by another salvo.

4.08 p.m.

- British 5th Battle Squadron in action at

19,000 - 20,000 yards; German Light Cruiser Squadron

driven off to eastward.

4.15 p.m

. - Destroyer action; two German T.B.D.s sunk;

Nestor

and

Nomad

disabled; sunk later by German

Battle Fleet.

4.26 p.m

. -

Queen Mary

hit by salvo from

Derfflinger

;

magazine exploded; ship sunk.

4.42 p.m

. - Adm. Beatty (now in Lat. 56°33J’ N.,

Long. 5°49’ E.), sighted German High Sea Fleet, under

Adm. Scheer (F.F. Friedrich der Orosse), led by 3rd

(Konig) Squadron, steering northwards. British ships in

succession turned 16 points to starboard; German battle

cruisers followed suit, taking station ahead by High Sea

Fleet. At time of this turn to northward, Adm. Beatty and

Adm. Jellicoe with Main Battle Fleet were over 50 miles

apart and closing at about 45 miles per hour.

4.45 p.m

. Battle cruiser action renewed on northerly

course, with

Barham

and

Valiant

supporting Battle

Cruiser Fleet;

Warspite

and

Malaya

engaged at 19,000

yards German 1st and 3rd High Sea Squadrons.

5.00 p.m.

- British Battle Cruiser Fleet outdistancing

German ships on northerly run.

5.20 p.m

. - German battle cruisers ordered

“to give chase.”

5.35 p.m.

- Adm. Beatty altered from N.N.E. to N.E. to

conform to signalled course of British Main Fleet.

5.42 p.m

. - British battle cruisers again in touch with

German ships.

Lion

fired 15 salvoes during next

10 minutes.

6.00 p.m.

- Adm. Beatty sighted Main Fleet. Adm.

Jellicoe (F.F.

Iron Duke

) in Lat. 57 ° 11 N., Long. 5°39’

E., his main force having maintained since 4 p.m. a

“fleet speed” of 20 knots, on a course S.E. by S., with

Battle Fleet in divisions line ahead disposed abeam to

starboard.

6.02 p.m

. - Fleet speed reduced to 18 knots;

subsequently reduced to 14 knots to allow Battle

Cruisers to pass ahead.

6.16 p.m

. - Upon Adm. Beatty’ s report giving High Sea

Fleet’s position, Adm. Jellicoe signalled Battle Fleet

to form line of battle on port wing column; course S.E.

by E. At this point German battle cruisers sank

Defence

(F. Adm. Arbuthnot) and damaged

Warrior,

of Adm.

Jellicoe’s advanced cruiser line, which shortly after 6.05

p.m. had crossed

Zion’s

bows from port to starboard

in order to finish off

Wiesbaden

, one of German light

cruisers under their fire. Disabled

Warrior

passed astern

of 5th Battle Squadron (turning to port to form astern of

6th Division) just as

Warspite’s

helm jammed; this mishap

compelled latter to continue her turn, brought her under

heavy fire, but enabled

Warrior

to draw clear. Hereabouts,

the 3rd Battle Cruiser Squadron -

Invincible

(F. Adm.

Hood),

Inflexible

and

Indomitable

- (detached by Adm.

Jellicoe at 4 p.m. in support of Adm. Beatty), came up

from the eastward, where with

Canterbury

and

Chester

it had engaged German light-cruiser screen in a sharp

encounter in which T.B.D.

Shark

was sunk. Upon sighting

Lion

, Adm. Hood at 6.16 p.m. took station ahead of

Battle Cruiser Fleet and engaged German battle cruisers

at 8,600 yards. Soon after 6.30 p.m.

Invincible

, under

repeated salvoes, notably from

Derfflinger

, blew up and

sank; but Adm. Hood’s arrival in commanding position

on bow of German Fleet caused latter to make large turn

to starboard, his squadron being probably mistaken for

British Battle Fleet.

6.31 p.m

. -

Iron Duke

engaged leading ship of

Konig Squadron at 12,000 yards; on starboard wing

Marlborough

(F. Adm. Burney) had already opened fire at

6.17 p.m. on ship of Kaiser class at 13,000 yards.

6.33 p.m

. - Fleet speed increased to 17 knots. Action

now joined, but impeded by mist and smoke. At head of

German Battle Cruiser line

Lützow

hauled away badly

damaged;

Derfflinger

ceased fire.

6.38 p.m

. - British deployment completed.

6.45 p.m.

-

Lion

once more leading Battle Cruiser Fleet at

head of British battle line in following formation :

1st Div.

King George

V. (F. Adm. Jerram)

2nd Div.

Orion

(F. Adm. Leveson)

3rd Div.

Iron Duke

(F. Adm. Jellicoe)

4th Div.

Benbow

(F. Adm. Sturdee)

5th Div.

Colossus

(F. Adm. Gaunt)

6th Div.

Marlborough

(F. Adm. Burney)

6.50 p.m

. - British Fleet altered course to S., by divisions,

to close German Fleet. Adm. Hipper left

Lützow

, which

fell out on fire and with heavy list; not until about 9 p.m.

was he able to transfer his flag to

Moltke

. Meanwhile

Derfflinger

led German battle cruisers.

6.54 p.m

. -

Marlborough

torpedoed, but continued

in action.

7.00 p.m

. - Adm. Jellicoe ordered 2nd Battle Squadron

to take station ahead of

Iron Duke

; 1st Battle Squadron to

form astern. During next half-hour British ships held their

targets under intermittent but effective fire, at ranges

varying from 15,000 yards in van to 8,500 yards in rear.

German Fleet turning westward.

7.05 p.m

. - British line, after closing three points to

starboard, turned away to avoid torpedo attack. German

T.B.D. V48 sunk by gunfire.

7.15 p.m

. - Adm. Scheer, drawing off his main force,

ordered his already battered battle cruisers to “close the

enemy.”

7.25 p.m.

- Another German torpedo attack successfully

dealt with by British light forces.

7.33 p.m.

- British Fleet back on S. by W. course.

7.37 p.m.

- German battle cruisers broke off action;

Derfflinger

on fire.

7.40 p.m.

- Adm. Beatty reported German position

to westward.

7.41 p.m.

- German Fleet no longer in sight from

Iron

Duke

; British Battle Fleet altered course, by divisions,

three points more to starboard (i.e. to S.W.).

7.50 p.m

. - German T.B.D. S35 sunk by British

12th Flotilla.

7.59 p.m

. - British Fleet altered to W., by divisions, on

sighting isolated German ships, which gradually turned

away.

8.25 p.m

. - British Battle Cruiser Fleet in effective touch

with German ships for a few minutes.

8.30 p.m.

- British Fleet, after turn by divisions to S.W.,

again in single line.

8.38 p.m.

-

Falmouth

last British ship in touch with

German Fleet.

9.00 p.m.

- British Fleet, after altering by divisions to S.,

formed divisions in line ahead disposed abeam to port,

with columns one mile apart; destroyers five miles astern

of Battle Fleet.

9.32 p.m.

- Mine-laying flotilla leader

Abdiel

laid

minefield 15 miles from Vyl Light.

10.00 p.m

. -

Iron Duke

in Lat. 56°22’ N., Long. 5°47’ E.;

course S.; speed 17 knots. Fleet order from W. to E. now:

Battle Cruiser Fleet; 2nd Battle Squadron; 4th Battle

Squadron; 1st Battle Squadron; 5th Battle Squadron; 2nd

Light Cruiser Squadron astern of 5th Battle Squadron;

4th Light Cruiser Squadron ahead of Battle Fleet; 11th,

4th, 12th, 9th, 10th, and 13th Flotillas from W. to E. astern

of Battle Fleet.

10.04 p.m

. - British flotillas, after dropping astern,

repelled attack by

Hamburg

and

Elbing.

10.20 p.m

. - British 2nd Light Cruiser Squadron engaged

ships of German 4th Scouting Group; German light

cruiser

Frauenlob

sunk; British cruisers

Southampton

and

Dublin

damaged.

11.30 p.m

. - British 4th Flotilla engaged German cruisers;

Tipperary

sunk; Broke damaged, rammed

Sparrowhawk

,

which was later abandoned. German light cruisers

Rostock

and

Elbing

, on port wing of 1st High Sea

Squadron, attempted to cross line to starboard, in order

to escape torpedo attack;

Rostock

torpedoed;

Elbing

collided with battleship

Posen

; both later blown up.

12.00 p.m

.

(Midnight)

-During this period remainder of

4th Flotilla twice engaged German battleships;

Fortune

and

Ardent

sunk German battleship

Pommem

sunk,

probably in this action. At this stage also, probably,

British cruiser

Black Prince

sunk by

Thüringen

and

Ostfriesland

, of 1st High Sea Squadron.

0.30 a.m.

- British T.B.D.

Turbulent

rammed and sunk

by German large vessel, which also damaged

Petard

by

gunfire.

1.45 a.m

. - German battle cruiser

Lützow

now

abandoned; crew taken off by German T.B.D.s ; ship sunk

by torpedo.

2.00 a.m.

- British 12th Flotilla attacked German

battleships at about 3,000 yards. Disabled

Marlborough

,

unable to maintain fleet speed, sent back to base under

escort; Adm. Burney’s flag transferred to

Revenge

.

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