The Battle of Jutland
The greatest naval battle since Trafalgar took place on
May 31st – June 1st, 1916 when Sir John Jellicoe’s Grand
Fleet met the German High Seas Fleet for the first time
and only time at Jutland.
- The Battle of Jutland - Battle Cruiser Fleet
(1st and 2nd Squadrons) - H.M.SS.
(F. Adm. Brock),
Queen Mary, New Zealand
(F. Adm. Pakenham) and
- supported by 5th Battle Squadron -
(F. Adm. Evan-Thomas),
- in advance of Main Battle Fleet, by
2 p.m. in Lat. 56°47’ N., Long. 4°40’ E., in North Sea.
. - Adm. Beatty turned N.E. to meet Adm.
Jellicoe at appointed position, Lat. 57°45’ N.,
Long. 4° 15’ E.
. - British light forces ahead of Battle Cruiser
Fleet sighted German ships to E.S.E. Adm. Beatty turned
S.S.E., course for Horn Reel, to intercept.
. - Adm. Beatty altered to E. and N.E., towards
heavy smoke visible E.N.E. Seaplane carrier
sent up seaplane scout; first such reconnaissance
- Adm. Beatty sighted German Battle
Cruiser Squadron - H.I.M.SS.
(F. Adm. Hipper),
Derfflinger, Seydlitz, Moltke
Von der Tann
E.N.E. Battle Cruiser Fleet, on line of bearing, closed
German Squadron from 23,000 yards on E.S.E. course
at 25 knots ; 5th Battle Squadron, 10,000 yards astern,
. - Both battle cruiser forces opened fire almost
simultaneously at about 18,500 yards. Action on E.S.E.
to S.S.E. course.
- Range about 16,000 yards.
hit by salvo from
Von der Tann
magazine exploded; ship sunk by another salvo.
- British 5th Battle Squadron in action at
19,000 - 20,000 yards; German Light Cruiser Squadron
driven off to eastward.
. - Destroyer action; two German T.B.D.s sunk;
disabled; sunk later by German
hit by salvo from
magazine exploded; ship sunk.
. - Adm. Beatty (now in Lat. 56°33J’ N.,
Long. 5°49’ E.), sighted German High Sea Fleet, under
Adm. Scheer (F.F. Friedrich der Orosse), led by 3rd
(Konig) Squadron, steering northwards. British ships in
succession turned 16 points to starboard; German battle
cruisers followed suit, taking station ahead by High Sea
Fleet. At time of this turn to northward, Adm. Beatty and
Adm. Jellicoe with Main Battle Fleet were over 50 miles
apart and closing at about 45 miles per hour.
. Battle cruiser action renewed on northerly
engaged at 19,000
yards German 1st and 3rd High Sea Squadrons.
- British Battle Cruiser Fleet outdistancing
German ships on northerly run.
. - German battle cruisers ordered
“to give chase.”
- Adm. Beatty altered from N.N.E. to N.E. to
conform to signalled course of British Main Fleet.
. - British battle cruisers again in touch with
fired 15 salvoes during next
- Adm. Beatty sighted Main Fleet. Adm.
) in Lat. 57 ° 11 N., Long. 5°39’
E., his main force having maintained since 4 p.m. a
“fleet speed” of 20 knots, on a course S.E. by S., with
Battle Fleet in divisions line ahead disposed abeam to
. - Fleet speed reduced to 18 knots;
subsequently reduced to 14 knots to allow Battle
Cruisers to pass ahead.
. - Upon Adm. Beatty’ s report giving High Sea
Fleet’s position, Adm. Jellicoe signalled Battle Fleet
to form line of battle on port wing column; course S.E.
by E. At this point German battle cruisers sank
(F. Adm. Arbuthnot) and damaged
Jellicoe’s advanced cruiser line, which shortly after 6.05
p.m. had crossed
bows from port to starboard
in order to finish off
, one of German light
cruisers under their fire. Disabled
of 5th Battle Squadron (turning to port to form astern of
6th Division) just as
helm jammed; this mishap
compelled latter to continue her turn, brought her under
heavy fire, but enabled
to draw clear. Hereabouts,
the 3rd Battle Cruiser Squadron -
- (detached by Adm.
Jellicoe at 4 p.m. in support of Adm. Beatty), came up
from the eastward, where with
it had engaged German light-cruiser screen in a sharp
encounter in which T.B.D.
was sunk. Upon sighting
, Adm. Hood at 6.16 p.m. took station ahead of
Battle Cruiser Fleet and engaged German battle cruisers
at 8,600 yards. Soon after 6.30 p.m.
repeated salvoes, notably from
, blew up and
sank; but Adm. Hood’s arrival in commanding position
on bow of German Fleet caused latter to make large turn
to starboard, his squadron being probably mistaken for
British Battle Fleet.
engaged leading ship of
Konig Squadron at 12,000 yards; on starboard wing
(F. Adm. Burney) had already opened fire at
6.17 p.m. on ship of Kaiser class at 13,000 yards.
. - Fleet speed increased to 17 knots. Action
now joined, but impeded by mist and smoke. At head of
German Battle Cruiser line
hauled away badly
. - British deployment completed.
once more leading Battle Cruiser Fleet at
head of British battle line in following formation :
V. (F. Adm. Jerram)
(F. Adm. Leveson)
(F. Adm. Jellicoe)
(F. Adm. Sturdee)
(F. Adm. Gaunt)
(F. Adm. Burney)
. - British Fleet altered course to S., by divisions,
to close German Fleet. Adm. Hipper left
fell out on fire and with heavy list; not until about 9 p.m.
was he able to transfer his flag to
led German battle cruisers.
torpedoed, but continued
. - Adm. Jellicoe ordered 2nd Battle Squadron
to take station ahead of
; 1st Battle Squadron to
form astern. During next half-hour British ships held their
targets under intermittent but effective fire, at ranges
varying from 15,000 yards in van to 8,500 yards in rear.
German Fleet turning westward.
. - British line, after closing three points to
starboard, turned away to avoid torpedo attack. German
T.B.D. V48 sunk by gunfire.
. - Adm. Scheer, drawing off his main force,
ordered his already battered battle cruisers to “close the
- Another German torpedo attack successfully
dealt with by British light forces.
- British Fleet back on S. by W. course.
- German battle cruisers broke off action;
- Adm. Beatty reported German position
- German Fleet no longer in sight from
; British Battle Fleet altered course, by divisions,
three points more to starboard (i.e. to S.W.).
. - German T.B.D. S35 sunk by British
. - British Fleet altered to W., by divisions, on
sighting isolated German ships, which gradually turned
. - British Battle Cruiser Fleet in effective touch
with German ships for a few minutes.
- British Fleet, after turn by divisions to S.W.,
again in single line.
last British ship in touch with
- British Fleet, after altering by divisions to S.,
formed divisions in line ahead disposed abeam to port,
with columns one mile apart; destroyers five miles astern
of Battle Fleet.
- Mine-laying flotilla leader
minefield 15 miles from Vyl Light.
in Lat. 56°22’ N., Long. 5°47’ E.;
course S.; speed 17 knots. Fleet order from W. to E. now:
Battle Cruiser Fleet; 2nd Battle Squadron; 4th Battle
Squadron; 1st Battle Squadron; 5th Battle Squadron; 2nd
Light Cruiser Squadron astern of 5th Battle Squadron;
4th Light Cruiser Squadron ahead of Battle Fleet; 11th,
4th, 12th, 9th, 10th, and 13th Flotillas from W. to E. astern
of Battle Fleet.
. - British flotillas, after dropping astern,
repelled attack by
. - British 2nd Light Cruiser Squadron engaged
ships of German 4th Scouting Group; German light
sunk; British cruisers
. - British 4th Flotilla engaged German cruisers;
sunk; Broke damaged, rammed
which was later abandoned. German light cruisers
, on port wing of 1st High Sea
Squadron, attempted to cross line to starboard, in order
to escape torpedo attack;
collided with battleship
; both later blown up.
-During this period remainder of
4th Flotilla twice engaged German battleships;
sunk German battleship
probably in this action. At this stage also, probably,
, of 1st High Sea Squadron.
- British T.B.D.
rammed and sunk
by German large vessel, which also damaged
. - German battle cruiser
abandoned; crew taken off by German T.B.D.s ; ship sunk
- British 12th Flotilla attacked German
battleships at about 3,000 yards. Disabled
unable to maintain fleet speed, sent back to base under
escort; Adm. Burney’s flag transferred to
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