Hitler's Black Book - information for Frank Edward Folley
Original List ID
Date of Birth / Age
Formerly Head of the British Passport Agency in Berlin, Captain
Name misspelt on the list -Captain, (later Major) Francis Edward Foley CMG (24 November 1884, Highbridge, Somerset – 8 May 1958, Stourbridge) was a British Secret Intelligence Service officer. As a passport control officer (and Head of Mi6) for the British embassy in Berlin, Foley "bent the rules" and helped thousands of Jewish families escape from Nazi Germany after Kristallnacht and before the outbreak of the Second World War. Fluent in French & German he was studying in German when WWI broke out and he managed to escape to (then Neutral) Holland in disguise as a German officer! He served with some distinction as an officer in the Hertfordshire regiment in WWI and was encouraged to join the Intelligence corps when he was at home after being wounded. Known as 'the British Schindler' for saving an estimated 10,000 Jews from death in the holocaust by his passport schemes pre war. During the war he operated the 'double cross' system for turning German agents to work secretly for the British, being the 1st man to interveiw Rudolf Hess (the nazi deputy fuhrer) and after the war he headed a section of men hunting down nazi war criminals.
Source of Editorial Notes
Some of the material for the biographical data was partially derived from various information found within specific articles on en.wikipedia.org/wiki, de.wikipedia.org/, cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/, fr.wikipedia.org, pl.wikipedia.org which is released under the terms of the creativecommons.org/licenses/by-s/3.0/.
The RSHA (Reich Main Security Office) came into existence on 27/9/39 after being separate offices of the SD (security service) and SS (nazi paramilitaries) since the mid 1930's. AMT I & AMT II were formed officially on 1/10/39 but reorganised completely after March 1941, heads of department were regularly transferred to different departments and the Einsatz Squads of paramilitary murderers when new countries were invaded as all had perceived 'undesirables' to be eliminated.
AMT IV was probably the most infamous of all the Nazi security apparatus, 'the Gestapo' (GEheime STAats POlizei) The secret state police, who were the instigators of all interrogation, imprisonment, murder and genocide in the nazi regime.
SS Major & Administrative Councillor Schellenberg, Criminal Police Doctor Schambacher
Walther Friedrich Schellenberg (16 January 1910 – 31 March 1952) rose through the nazi ranks to become a brigadefuhrer (SS General) by the end of the war. Schellenberg was the author of the 'Black book GB' which detailed those to be arrested on a successful nazi invasion in 1940. In November 1939 Schellenberg played a major part in the Venlo Incident, which led to the capture of two British agents, Captain Sigismund Payne-Best and Major Richard Stevens. Hitler awarded Schellenberg the Iron Cross for his actions.In 1940 he was also sent to Portugal to intercept the Duke and Duchess of Windsor and try to persuade them to work for Germany. The mission was a failure; Schellenberg managed only to delay their baggage for a few hours.
In March 1942, Heinz Jost was fired from his position as RSHA Chief of Amt VI, SD-Ausland (SD foreign intelligence) & in his place, Schellenberg was appointed chief of SD-Ausland by Heydrich. the overall head of the entire security apparatus of the Nazi regime. According to his later memoirs, Schellenberg had been a friend of Wilhelm Canaris, the head of the Abwehr (military intelligence). However in 1944, the sections of the Abwehr were incorporated into RSHA Amt VI SD-Ausland and therefore placed under Schellenberg's command. Schellenberg was in Denmark attempting to arrange his own surrender when the British took him into custody in June 1945; the American, British, and Russian intelligence services had all been searching for him as a valuable intelligence asset.He was a witness in the Nuremburg trials but not convicted himself and released due to ill health & died of cancer in Turin in 1952. Ernst Schambacher Born 1899 in Berlin, Died 18 May 1945 in Houska , Czechoslovakia ) There are also reports he managed to escape from Czechosolovakia and whilst on the run he committed suicide.
Great Britain was to come under 'Scandinavea' for all counter espionage investigation