Hutchinson's Pictorial History of the War, Series 20 No 4

HISTORY OF THE WAR IN RRIEF Summary of the Chief Events March 10,1943 Continuing to develop their inoffensive the Smolensk region, the Russians occupy Biclyi, an din their advance on V y azm a they occupy T em kino, after sharp fighting, and reach T u oman v o the Germans maintain pressure in their counter-offensive in the D onetz basin. Rommel launches afresh attack against the 8th Army a t K sar G h ilane, 40 miles south-west o f theM areth Line heavy casualties arc inflicted on his forces. French troops in Southern Tunisia occupy M etlaoui. Flying Fortresses attack the enemy base of W ewak, on the north-east coast o f New G u in ea, where damage is done to shipping by 1,000-lb. bombs. Japanese installations in various parts of the Solomon Islands are attacked by U.S. Liberators an enemy bomber and three Zero fighters are shot down without loss. American aircraft make two daylight attacks on the Japan esc-o ccu p icd K iska Island, in the Aleutians. Mr. Church ill is stated to be making a good recovery from his illness. March 11 Advancing rapidly ,the Red Army reaches a point only 15 miles from V yazm a, and also makes progress west and south-west of Bielyi, but the Russian position near Kharkov becomes more serious. In Northern Tunisia the enemy makes three unsuccess­ful attacks on the 1st Arm y’s positions west of Scjenane. In the south Rom m el’s attack is brought to an end and his forces withdraw northward s.O ro Bay, New G u in ea, is raided by 24 Japanese bombers escorted by 16 Zero fighters nine of the Zeros are destroyed, and two bombers and two Zeros damaged .Aircraft o f Bomber Comm and make a heavy attack on Stu ttg art’s industrial cen tre 11 aircraft arc lost. In the House of Commons Sir Archibald Sinclair surveys the work o f th eR.A .F .The Board o f Admiralty announces the loss of H.M. submarine P 311 (Cm dr. R.D. Cayley, .S.OD .,R.N .).March 12 V y azm a is occupied by the Russians, who continue to advance in the direction o f Smolensk, b u tin the Don basin the situation worsens, and the Germans claim to have entered Kharkov .Land inactivity Tunisia is of a minor character, b u tin the air operations are on a considerable scale, ports and lines o f communications being heavily bombed. A tip -and -ru n raid on the Greater London area by about 24 bombers causes some damage and loss of life five of the raiders are destroyed. U.S. Flying Fortresses launch a successful daylight attack Ron o u en .The Krupp armaments factory at Essen is the night target for the heaviest attack ever delivered by R.A .F. Bomber Comm and more than 1,000 tons of bombs are dropped 23 of our aircraft are lost. Mr. Eden, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, arrives in Washington to discuss the war situation with U.S .statesmen. March 13 Our Russian allies admit that fighting is ongoing in e streets o f Kharkov ,of which city the Germans claim to have cap tu red two -th ird son the Smolensk iront the enemy is still being pressed Aback. small local attack by the enemy to the north of Bou Ara dais repelled elsew herein Tunisia there is only patrol activity. A consid erab le'w cig ht of bombs is dropped on Naples h a rb our by 9 thU.S .Army Air Force bombers. F o u rout of six enemy coastal raiders are shot down. A Japanese convoy o f five merchant ships escorted by three destroyers approaching W ew ak, New G u in ea, is attacked by Flying Fortresses and a direct hit is scored anon 8,ooo-ton transport. Mr. Eden has his first conference with the President of the United States. March 14. Kharkov, according to a special German an noun ce­ment, has been lost to the Russians, who, however, report severe infighting this area sou tho f V y azm a our allies continue to advance in spite o f fierce Nazi resistance. O then g ro u n din Tunisia patrol activity continues, and enemy objectives in theM areth position are attacked by our bombers. In abroad cast from Algiers, M.G ira u d pledges the restoration of the liberty of France. March 75 The Russian communique admits the loss of Kharkov ,and announces further progress in the Smolensk region, where the town of K holm -Z hirkovsky is cap tu red south of Biclyi Soviet forces occupy 40 inhabited places. The Allies occupy a wooded ridge in Northern Tunisia in the G afsa sector enemy patrols are dispersed by artillery fire. Air operations are restricted by bad weather. According to an official rep o rt, Chinese forces have won an important victory on the Yangtze River front west of H ankow ,where 20,000 enemy troops have been thrown back across the river. In the thaR ed au n g area, Burma, according to a join tan noun cement from India issued by the War Office, the Japanese launched a scries of fierce attacks against our positions, which were repulsed. Six more air attacks arc made by U.S .heavy and medium bombers on K iska Island, in the Aleutians. March 16 South of K karkov and west of Byelgorod attacks by the enemy are beaten off by o u rallies, who keep u p their pressure to the south-west of V yazm a. There is only minor activity on the 1st and 8 th Army fronts in Tunisia. The Germans report an attack by General Montgomery ’s forces on the Mare th Line, but of this there is no allied confirmation. Our positions in the G afsa are a are improved. The U.S .Navy Department reports th a tin the Pacific and Far Eastern waters an enemy destroyer, a large transport and a large and medium -sized cargo vessel have been destroyed by U.S .submarines other ships were damaged. A successful daylight attack is made by Mosquito aircraft on railway workshops a t Pad erb o rn ,Western Germany. Two large enemy supply ships are torpedoed in the North Sea by light coastal forces of the Royal Navy.
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