Black and White Budget, No. 24, Vol. II, March 24th 1900

4 BLACK AND WHITE BUDGET Marc ii 24,1900 NOTICES All communications regarding Pictures and Articles to be addressed to "The Editor, Black and White Bud get ,j./, Bouverie Street, London, E .CAll communications regarding Back Numbers, Terms o f Subscription,< 2vc., to be addressed to “The Publisher, Black and White Bud get, 6 j ,Fleet Street, London, .CE ."The Editor requests Correspondents who may -wish to communicate with the Publisher at the same time as they write to him, to write a separate letter to the Publisher at the address given above, and not add it to their communication to the Editor. The Editor particularly requests that n o .Poems be sent for consideration. NOTES O’ WAR W e would call especial attention to the letter on page 3 1 ,in which Mr. Wyatt advances a plea lor an Army League, to carryout for the Army what the Navy League originally proposed to do tor the Navy. So many of our readers have relatives and triends in the Army that we are sure this letter will interest them greatly. We shall be glad to receive comments, limited to 150 words from each correspondent. Reports keep arriving that British oilicers have escaped from Pretoria, but owing to the distance to be covered in the flight they are nearly all re-cap­tured. Elaborate were the schemes for escape hatched by the prisoners during the American Civil W ar.On one occa­sion, after weeks of labour, a large number of Confederates escaped by making along tunnel from their prison under a street and into a friend’s house. On other occasions the weeks of anxiety and work were thrown away by the ac­cidental discovery of the operations. It has just been discovered that Colonel Schiel, the captured German officer, was engaged in a tunnelling scheme to escape. When the announcement came that Lord Roberts had only captured six guns with General Cronje, there was a general idea that the wily Boer had buried most of his cannon. It is probable that the graves will have all been examined, but so far nothing has been found at Paarde- berg. At Pieter’s Hill, however, one of the “pom-poms” was found buried. It will perhaps be recalled that, after the British had retreated from Dundee, the Boers announced the finding of a num­ber of rifles in a dummy grave! C ron j e is being treated with con­siderable more favour than Napoleon was. Admiral Harris gave up his quarters 011 H .M.S. Doris to the Boer General, while Napoleon, 011 board the Northumberland, which conveyed him to St. Helena, had to be content with a cabin 9 ft. wide and 12 ft. long. As the ex-Emperor, further­more, seemed to imagine that the after-cabin was for his exclusive use, he was informed through a com­panion that it was for all the officers. The Government instructed that he was to be styled “General ”and receive the same honours as a British General not in employ. And now, Cronje has gone to St. Helena. There is something mysterious about the abrupt withdrawal of the Naval Brigade which was in Ladv- smith. Numbering more than two hundred, they arrived at Durban and boarded their own ships, the Terrible and Po7verful, the former of which at once sailed for China. To Captain Scott, of the Terrible, belongs the credit of saving Ladysmith. He landed his guns, and by a contrivance of his own mounted them 0.1 wheels. They were then expeditiously sent to Ladysmith, and only arrived the day belore it was sur­rounded !Some really terrible mistakes have been made by our troops, particularly 011 the eastern frontier with Buller. The latest instance was just before the en­trance into Ladysmith, when the 2nd West Yorkshire, arriving at the top of a hill, were not only fired 011 by the Boers, but also by our own artillery with shrap­nel and lyddite !The West Yorks imme­diately got against the sky-line, and placing their helmets on their rifles waved them energetically. Fortunately, our gunners saw their mistake. To the enemy all is fair in the present war. In the advance near Dordrecht recently one of the British was taken prisoner in an attack on the Boer breast­works. When our guns shelled their position the enemy to cover their retreat compelled the prisoner to holdup the white flag. A shell, however, burst among the Boers, scattering them, and 1 he prisoner seized the opportunity to escape under a terrific tire. This is but one of their many dastardly tricks. The blowing up of bridges by the Boers, in their retreat, recalls an ex­ceptionally interesting story of Welling­ton. Before the Battle of Orthez, in the Peninsular War, the armies were facing each other across a river. The French had passed over the only bridge and were about to destroy it, when the Duke wrote to Marshal Soult suggesting that, as the bridge was very valuable to the surrounding people, it should not be destroyed. He promised that if Souli would preserve it, he, on his part, would not allow the British Army to cross it in the course of the ensuing battle. This the French General agreed to, and next day, under a terrific fire, the British forded the river higher up. The great Boer stampede from Colenso, and from before Lord Roberts, came as a surprise after their stubborn defence previously. The method that French has of threatening their rear is evidently giving the enemy nervous fits. A panic-stricken army is as bad as a defeated one. Such was the panic after Waterloo, for example, that many of the soldiers arrived in Paris as soon as Napoleon. They had ridden behind carriages 1 and in carts, reporting everywhere that all was lost. Lieut.-General Sir H. M.L. Rundle, Commanding the Eighth Division
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