Black and White Budget, No. 23, Vol. II, March 17th 1900

NOTICES BLACK AND WHITE BUDGET March 17, 190a All communications regarding Pictures and Articles to be addressed to “The Editor, Black and White Bud get, j j , B ouverie Street, London, E .C.”All communications regarding Back Numbers, Terms o f Subscription,<S to be addressed to “The Publisher, Black and White Bud get, 6 j ,Fleet Street, London, .CE .”The Editor requests Correspondents 'who may wish to communicate with the Publisher at the same time as they write to him, to write a separate letter to the Publisher at the address given above, and not ad ditto their communication to the Editor. The Editor particularly requests that h q Poems be sent for consideration. NOTES The taking of 4,600 prisoners of war by Lord Roberts, when he captured General Cronje’s laager, is the greatest number in modern British military history. It is only when the records of the Peninsular War at the beginning of the century are searched that greater captures are found. At Salamanca, for example, Wellington defeated Marmont and took 7,141 prisoners —in 1812. The Duke of Marlborough, during his campaigns, took many prisoners. At Ouderarde there were 9,000 of the enemy taken, at Ramillies about 5,000 were secured while at Blenheim 13,000 of the French were, at the lowest estimation, made prisoners of war. The British have now about 6,000.Boer prisoners in hand, against less than three thousand English at Pretoria. At the conclusion of the great French War, a hundred years ago, there were in this country over 50,000 Frenchmen as prisoners of war! Indeed, between the years 1803 and 1814 inclusive, 122,440 French prisoners were brought to England, of whom 10,341 died in prisons, 17,607 were sent back to France as invalids on parole, many exchanged, and the remainder liberated at the conclusion of war. Some were kept in horrible hulks and others in prisons, Dart-.moor Prison holding 6,500 of them. The valour of the Irish Brigade, under Sir Redvers Buller, has so touched the Queen that she has sent them a message of congratulation. Their deeds recall those of the Irish Brigade of 1691, a body of 14,000 soldiers who quitted Ireland and entered the pay of Louis on the signing of the Pacification of Limerick. There are eight Irish Infantry battalions at the front, two of which—1st Royal Irish Fusiliers and 2nd Dublin Fusiliers—have been with General White in Ladysmith. Curiously enough, it is the 1st Battalion Dublin Fusiliers that has suffered the most severely in the relief of tH &beleaguered town. The Boers are casting aside all the rules of civilised warfare. Soft-nosed bullets, which double up in the wound instead ot going clean through, are being used while the firing on ambulances is a daily occurrence. At the Battle of Majuba Hill, on February 27th, 1881, the Boers fired on the Red Cross flag without the slightest compunction. Corporal Farmer, the only man who won the Victoria Cross at the battle, was wounded twice while waving a bandage to show the Boers that they were firing wrongly. The enemy have used their ambulance frequently to cover their advance or retreat, and they probably imagine that the British also do such sneakish tricks. When General Cronje came into the English camp to surrender, Lord Roberts shook him by the hand and said, “You have made a gallant defence, sir.” This recalls one of the most pleasant stories of the famous Admiral, Lord St. Vincent. Some of his squadron had captured a Spanish ship, but not before all the officers ot the latter had been killed or wounded. When the commandant was better, Lord St. Vincent gave him his liberty and sent a letter to the Spanish Government highly commending his oravery. The O’ WAR gallant officer could not have had abetter testimonial! The King made him the commander of a fine frigate, gave him a pension of four thousand reals, and ordered Lord St. Vincent’s letter to be circulated throughout all the departments of the Spanish Marine !Among the Paardeberg casualties there were given the names of two soldiers who had been killed by lightning on February 22nd. More remarkable still, one ot the men was No. 3913 Kitchener, of the 2nd Gloucester Regiment. Of course it is so hot in South Africa at present that there is bound to be thunder­storms, but none of the newspaper correspondents appears to have mentioned any. It dangerous work for balloon men, as at Aldershot some years ago, in the presence of the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, a captive balloon under inspection was struck by light­ning and several men killed. The reward that Lord Roberts will receive at the conclusion of the war is already being speculated upon. He is certain to receive a pecuniar}' reward, and pro­bably a higher title. As “Bobs’ ”son, however, was killed at Colenso, it is probable that he will claim, like Lord Wolseley, the acknowledgment ot his eldest daughter as heiress under special remainder. It is difficult to see how other honours can be bestowed, for his full title is Lord Roberts of Kandahar and Water­ford, P.C., K.P., G.C.B., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., V.C., D.C.L., LL.D. The Editor of Black and White has suggested the creation of anew order, “The Star of Africa.” Why not make Lord Roberts the first Grand Commander ?Lord Dun donald advance’s into Ladysmith, at the head of the Natal Carbineers, and without the loss of a man, recalls some similar exploits of his ancestor, Lord Cochrane. When the latter was commanding the frigate Imperieuse\ in less than a month he had cutout of French harbours and destroyed fifteen of the enemy’s ships with only the loss of a few men. Another night he went ashore in the ship’s boats and captured and destroyed Fort Roquette, beside a great quantity of military stores, without the loss of a man! When General Cronje met Lord Roberts he could only speak through an interpreter, yet it is a matter of general knowledge that he can speak English when he chooses. The use of an interpreter, however, allows the wily Boer time to frame his replies, for he will understand the questions immediately without appearing to do so. This is also a favourite practice of President Kruger, who converses readily in English on ordinary matters! but who insists upon an interpreter being employed when State matters are talked. A rat her pathetic case is .that of a Bradford soldier who has been killed at Paardeberg. His proper name was Paul H. Hodgson, and he enlisted under the name of P. Howe—his Christian names—unknown to his parents two years ago, and never wrote home till he was outgoing to the front with his regiment, the 1st West Riding.
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