The British Army in War

GLOSSARY OF ARMY TERMS The heavy guns informer wars were used exclusively in fixed em­placements for sieges and the like but during the Great War it has been found possible to fire them from their carriages and thus to use them infield operations. "Snipers .”—Individual soldiers told off as marksmen to harass and injure an enemy by firing at him from places of concealment. Squad .—Theron unit of a cavalry regi­ment, which contains three squadrons of from 160 to 200 men each. The commanding officer of a squadron is usually a major with a captain as second in command. Strategy .—The art of moving military (and naval) forces while they are out of actual battle contact with the enemy. When such contact is es­tablished, “strategy ”gives place to “tactics.” Subaltern .—A second-lieutenant, for­merly an ensign. Suspension of Arm s.—These are temporary and local agreements arranged under flags of truce for the cessation of hostilities. Any officer in command of a detachment, unable to communicate at once with a superior, may arrange a suspension of arms in order to obtain instruc­tions, to bury the dead collector the wounded. Tactic s.—The art of moving and hand­ling troops w’hen in contact with the enemy. A distinction is sometimes made between “grand tactics ”and “shock tactics.” The former has reference to the manoeuvres by which each of the opposing commanders seeks to place his battalions, batteries and other units in positions of such advantage as will compel his adver­sary to retreat or fight at a disadvan­tage. The latter has reference to the dispositions and movements adopted in the areas of the actual combat. Tattoo .—A military call by drum and bugle. TentS ection.—That division of an “ambulance ”which acts as a dress- ing-station between the “Regimental Aid Post ”and the “Clearing Hos­pital.” raT je c tory .—The line of flight of a projectile. Every missile is acted upon by two forces, namely, (1) the force of projection which carries it along in the direction of its aim and (2) “gravity,” or the attraction of the earth, which constantly tends to pull it downward. Accordingly, the path described is that due to the resultant of these two forces and is more lessor curved. Traverse .—Shoulder of earth or other material interposed in a trench as protection against enfilading Afire. traverse should be constructed be­tween every twr o or three men and must be of sufficient thickness to be bullet-proof. T re n chM o rta r(M inenw erfer).—A small piece of ordnance which can be stationed and used intrenches for the purpose of projecting bombs and grenades into the enemy’s trenches. roT u s de lou p.—(A French phrase meaning“ w'olf-holes ”).Holes dug as obstacles to the advance of troops. They are too small to be seen from a distance and generally contain a pointed stake. V edette.—A mounted sentry or patrol.
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