Hutchinson's Pictorial History of the War, Series 17 No 1

HUTCHINSON’S PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE WAR THE PLANE WHICH BROUGHT HIM M. Molotov was llown from Russia in a powerful tonr- engined Soviet bombing aircraft seen hereon the Scottish landing ground after its arrival. in Europe. The two countries also agree that they will when peace is re-established, work together for the organisation o f security and economic prosperity in Europe. In doing so they will take into account the interests o f the United Nations, and they undertake to be guided by the two principles o f not seeking territorial aggrandisem ent for themselves, and o f not interfering in the internal affairs o f other States. The two Governments go onto declare their desire “to unite with other like-minded inStates adopting proposals for common action to preserve peace and resist aggression in the post-war period.” Meanwhile, when the war is ended they will take “all measures in their power to render impossible a repetition of aggres­sion and violation o f the peace by Germany or any of the States associated with her in acts o f aggression in Europe.” There is, of course, bound to be some interval after the victory has been gained before an effective inter­national system can be built up for preserving peace and for the prevention o f further aggression. The two Governments accordingly have agreed that, should one of our countries during the post-war period become involved in hostilities with Germany or any of her European associates in consequence o fan attack by one of them, the two Governments will at once give each other “all the military and other support and assistance” in their power. As for the duration o f this undertaking, I will quote from the relevant article o f the treaty :“This article shall remain in force until the high contracting parties by mutual agreement shall recognise that it is super­seded by the adoption o f the proposals contemplated in Article 3 .”That is, the long-term system o f inter­national security which the treaty contemplates as our goal, as I have already mentioned. The article then goes on :“In default of the adoption of such proposals it shall remain in forcc for a period of 20 years, and thereafter until terminated by either contracting party.” The treaty contains a ratification clause. Both Governments are anxious that the treaty shall come into force as soon as possible. The treaty accordingly will be laid forthwith on the table ot the House. Our conversations with M .Molotov were not, ol course, confined to treaty matters, important as those were. The war in all its aspects was reviewed, and I 2I will now give the House a quotation from the com­munique which is being issued this afternoon :“Full understanding was reached between the two parties with regard to the urgent task o f creating a second front in Europe in 1942. Discussions also took place on the question o f further improving the supplies o f aeroplanes, tanks, and other war material to be sent from Great Britain to the Soviet Union. Both sides were gratified to note the identity o f their views on all the above questions.” I am sure that the House will join with me in welcom­ing the signature o f this treaty and the prospect which it opens up o f active and fruitful co-operation in war and peace. From our long and friendly exchange of views with M .Molotov we are assured that the treaty expresses exactly the common desire o f the two Govern­ments. We have been enabled to arrive at this happy result through the establishment, by our contact with M. Stalin and M .Molotov, o f complete mutual con­fidence. This is the time to mention the valuable con­tribution to Anglo-Russian understanding made by M.M aisky over along period o f years. The signature o f this treaty not only formalises and emphasises the closeness of the collaboration between our two countries during the war. It affords also an indispensable basis for European reconstruction. This docs not mean that our two countries alone will be responsible for the peace o f Europe when the war is won. That is a burden which will be shared by all the United Nations. It means that without the closest understanding between Great Britain and the Soviet Union there can be 110 security and instability Europe, either for ourselves or for any o four allies. The prob­lems of peace arc not, o f course, for Europe alone, and I hope, with assured confidence, that the good work which our two Governments have accomplished will be welcomed by the President and people o f the United States and will enable our three great countries to work together in the years o f peace as now in the hard times of war. The following is text ol the treaty :Treaty of alliance in I he war against Hitlerite Germany and her associates in Europe and o f collaboration and mutual assistance thereafter between the Union of Soviet Socialist ON THE JOURNEY TO LONDON A special train brought M. Molotov to London. He spent six days in Britain, but his arrival and departure were kept secret.
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