Hutchinson's Pictorial History of the War, Series 17 No 1

HUTCHINSON’S PICTORIAL HISTORY of the WAR TREATY OF ALLIANCE WITH RUSSIA by the Rt. Hon. Anthony Eden, P.C., M.P., Secretary of Slate for Foreign Affairs I n announcing in the House o f Commons on nth ,June ,1942, the con­clusion of a 20-year treaty between the British and Russian Governments, Mr. Eden said: I am glad to be able to inform the House that his M ajesty’s Government have concluded a treaty with the Union o f Soviet Socialist Republics which confirms our alliance with that country during the war against Germany and her associates in Europe. The treaty provides that after the war our two countries will render each other mutual assistance against any further attack by Germany or her asso­ciates. It further provides that we shall collaborate with one another and with the other United Nations in the peace settlement, and during the ensuing period of reconstruction on the basis o f the prin­ciples outset in the Atlantic Charter. The House will remember that Germany invaded Russia on 22nd June last year, and that on the same evening the Prime Minister affirmed that the Russian danger was our danger, and that we should give what­ever help we could to Russia and make common cause with the Russian people. Practical effect was given to the Prime Minister’s declaration by the signature, on 12th July, o fan agreement for joint inaction the war against Germany. In September Lord Beavcrbrook, with Mr. Averell H arrim an, visited Moscow and negotiated an arrangement for supplying the Soviet Government with the war materials which they urgently needed for the prosecution o f the war. This was followed in the political field by m y visit to Moscow in December o f last year. The purpose o f that visit, in the words of the joint communique which was issued on my return, was “the exchange o f views on questions relating to the conduct o f the war and the post-war organisation of peace and insecurity Europe.” Since then conversations, begun in Moscow, have been continuing. The British Dominions, the United States, and other countries most closely concerned have been kept fully in­formed o f the whole course o four negotiations. When I was in Moscow I gave M. Molotov a cordial invitation to visit us in this country, and when our discussions had made suffi­cient progress his M ajesty’s Government suggested that M .Molotov should come to London to em­body our agreement in a formal treaty. M .Molotov meanwhile had been invited by Presi­dent Roosevelt to visit him in Washington. It was arranged accordingly that M. Molotov should come here, and then go onto the United States. He arrived in London on 21st May. The treaty was signed on 26th May. The next day M .Molotov left for the United inStates, accordance with his pro­ gramme. I am glad to be able to tell the House that M .Molotov had a safe journey to the United States and back, and that he had most useful and satisfactory talks with the President in Washington. M .Molotov has now gone back to Moscow. When I shall sit down a White Paper will be available to members at the Vote Office. It will contain, in addition to the treaty, an exchange o f messages between his Majesty the King and M.K alinin, as well as the speeches made by M .Molotov and myself at the signature o f the treaty, and I think it would be for the convenience of the House if I gave them now a brief outline of what the treaty contains. The United Kingdom and the Union ol Soviet Socialist Republics reaffirm their determination to afford one another all possible assistance in the war, and not to enter into any negotiations with the Hitlerite Government, or any other government in Germany which does not clearly renounce all aggressive intentions, and not to negotiate or conclude except by mutual con­sent any armistice or peace treaty with Germany, or any other State associated with her in acts o f aggression M.\i .MOLOTOV ARRIVES M. Molotov was greeted by a senior R.A.F. officer on his arrival by air from Russia. A 20-years’ treaty between Britain” and the Soviet Union was signed on 2<Sth May, 1942.
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