The Sea Cadet, No. 5, Vol. 2, January 1945

Warship Identification By C. W.E. RICHARDSON, A.I.N.A. (Contributor to Jan e’s Fighting Ships)( n )Destroyers of the “Hunt” and “J ”to“N ”Classes The“ O ”and later classes of destroyer, described in the previous article, are modifications of the '¦J ”type which had only recently hoisted their first commis­sioning pendants when war began. Introducing the single-funnel destroyer profile into British naval design, the“ J ”class originally totalled twenty-one destroyers and three flotilla leaders with J, K and N names, but there are now in the Royal Navy only the leader Jervis and six destroyers. Three destroyers, including a leader, have been transferred to Australia, one to Poland, and two more to the Netherlands. All can be distinguished from the“ O ”and later types by the omission of the quarterdeck gun the remaining three are in twin mountings, w'ith larger shields than subsequent types. Main features are the raking bow and twin guns on the forecastle, with another similar mount on the superstructure above, immediately forward of the large bridge, which is surmounted by two control towers. Abaft the bridge is the break in deck level, and the raking tripod foremast. The single funnel is between the foremast and the multiple pom­pom. Next come the quintiple torpedo tubes, followed by the small amidships superstructure, which supports a search­light. Between this and the after superstructure is amounted 3-inch A.A. gun, which replaces the second set of torpedo tubes originally fitted. The after superstructure carries another twin gun mounting, and is longer in the leaders than the rest of the class. Aft are the depth-charge throwers and racks. -v The 1,920-ton ships of the “L”and“ M ”classes fol­lowed. They are similar in general arrangement, but have only one tower on the bridge and the guns are in turrets reminiscent of the 5.25-inch gun mountings on the “King George V ”and “Dido ”classes. Some of the“M ”class have a tower on the amidships superstructure and thus differ from the Lookout, which is the ship chosen to illustrate the class. The leader Milne is similar, but lately has had a lattice mast installed, as in many other leaders and new destroyers. The drawings of Lookout and Milne show clearly the indifference size of the after superstructure for the des­troyers and leaders respectively. The foregoing destroyers were the culmination in size and cost for the type. The price shipper was reaching a prohibitive figure considering the large number of destroyers needed. Conse­quently anew type designed for escort duties was introduced, sacrificing speed, size and torpedo armament so that more could be inbuilt timeless at a lower cost. Twenty were laid down in 1939, all named after Hunts, these being followed by many more of similar but improved design. Four different types have been built, but it has not been possible to assign all the ships to their respective types. The Cotswold represents the earliest of the four types, with a twin 4-inch gun mounting, both forward and aft, a raking foremast and funnel, and a multiple pom-pom on the after superstructure. Similar in general appearance is the Farndale type, but for the pom-pom is substituted a third twin 4-inch gun mounting, while the former weapon is transferred to a posi­tion abaft the funnel. The Brecon follows the Farndale in general lay-out. but the stubby funnel and tripod mast have no rake and the break in deck is abreast the“ X ”gun position—an entirely new departure for British destroyers, which usually have this break near the foremast. This type has considerably more sheer forward and a modified trawler bow. A further development is seen in the Tanatside type with a tall funnel and foremast without rake, the funnel having a cut-off top. In this type the quarterdeck gun mounting is omitted. Various minor differences are introduced in each type, some having alight A.A. gun right in the eyes and others a tower amidships or on the bridge. The ship’s names are given under each illustration, but the appearance of the following has not been definitely ascer­tained: Atherstone. C attistock, Cleveland, C ottesm ore, E glinton, Fernie, Garth, Ham hledon, Holderness, M endip, M eynell, Pytchley, Q uantock, Southdow n, W haddon (all the fore­going maybe like C otsw old) Beaufort, Belvoir, Bicester, Blackm ore, Bleasdale, Catterick, Cliiddingfold, C room e, Derwent, Eggesford, Eridge, E xm oor, G oathland, Lam erton, Lauderdale, Ledbury, Liddesdale, M elbreak, R o ckw o ,do Stevenstone, Talybont, Tetcott, Thurlow , W ensleydale, Wilton and the Greek N avarkhos Hastings, K rete and /Egean. This also applies to certain lost ships, i.e., Blean, D ulverton, Grove, H eythrop, H olcom be, H urw orth, Lim­bo time, Pettylan, Puckeridge and Soutliw old. The next article will cover the various destroyers of the Tribal type, and E-I types built since the last war. H .M.S. outLook .Displacement: Armament: 1,920 tons Six 4-7 in. Speed: 36-5 knots LANCE LEGION OUTLOOK LOYAL MARNE MATCHLESS METEOR MUSKETEER Gurkha (ex Larne), Lightning, Livcly/M arlin, Mahratla (ex Marksman), and Polish Orkan (ex Myrmidon) have been lost. One 3-in. A.A. Four T.T. One pom-pom Recognition features: One control tow e ron bridge. Pom-pom afcaft funnel. Large funnel and large gun turrets. N o quarter-deck guns. Some “M's ”have tower amidships. 136
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