The Sea Cadet, No. 4, Vol. 3, December 1945

two cruisers, the New Zealand Division of the Royal Navy, manned partly by the Royal Navy and partly by New Zea­ landers. Some small craft were also maintained for training purposes, and there was an R.N.V.R. A few years ago this developed into the Royal New Zealand Navy, to which some R.N. officers are lent. Pembroke Peak and the Lion, Milford Sound, South Island, New Zealand Photographs on this page by courtesy o f The High Commissioner for New Zealand New Zealand differs from Australia in many respects. Not only is it far smaller, being about the size of Great Britain and Ireland, omitting the county of Somerset, but its dim ate, one North Island main trunk Newline, Zealand of the best in the world, is more gener­ally Intemperate. the extreme south it compares with Scotland. In moun­tains it compares with Switzerland, the highest, Mount Cook, being well over 12.000 feet, and many others rise above 10.000 feet. The rivers and lakes are a fisherman’s paradise. Until Capt. Cook, during one of his voyages some 170 years ago, released a few pigs in New Zealand, there was not an “animal ”in the country. There were countless birds and fishes, but no snakes. The country has since suffered from too many rabbits, and in the back blocks the wild pigs, descendants of Capt. Cook’s few pairs, did a great deal of damage. The population of about l i millions, including some 67,000 Maoris (the original inhabitants of the islands), is spread fairly evenly over the country there is no “waste”land except in the Alps. The largest city, Auckland, is about the size of Portsmouth Welling­ton, the capital, and Christchurch being a trifle smaller. The Maoris, a fine race both physically and intellectually, and proud of their membership of the British Empire, send their own repre­sentatives to Parliament. The Maoris have done splendid service in the New Zealand Army during the war. For many years New Zealand paid an annual sum to the Admiralty as its share towards naval defence. Later the New Zealand Government maintained There are four flourish­ing units of the Sea Cadets, maintained by the Navy League branches in New Zealand. They join forces in their summer camps as do our Sea Cadets in this country, and many hundreds of them have served in the Royal and Merchant Navies. The writer, who was bom in New Zealand and who left that country for the first time fifty-eight years ago to join the Royal Navy, paid a visit in 1936 and was delighted to see so many smart Sea Cadets—members of “that great Imperial family of which we maybe proud.” Franz Josef Glacier, South Island, New Zealand 100
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