The Sea Cadet, No. 4, Vol. 3, December 1945

Sydney Harbour Bridge, Australia .Photographs on these pages by courtesy o f Australian News Information Bureau as common to all—loyalty to the Em­pire, and the spirit and keenness with which their Sea Cadets are imbued. In a brief article it is not possible to enter into any description of all the Dominions. Let .us therefore in this article confine our.selve§ to two— Australia and New Zealand. The English-born need have no feel­ing of visiting a “foreign ”country when arriving in Australia or New Zealand, because both these Dom­inions are typically British, and British people are certain of a w&lcome. So, if any of you Sea Cadets ever think of trying your luck in either of these countries, where there is always an opening for young men who are not afraid of a job of work, think not that you are going to a “foreign ”country but rather from one home to another home.“ K.H.Bs.” are not wanted in any country, even England. Do you know what a “ K.H.B.” is? The letters stand for “King’s Hard Bargain ”and can best be described by the story of the bluejacket who, when asked by the surgeon what were his symptoms, said,*' 1 eats well, I drinks well, I sleeps well. But when it comes to a job of work I go all of a tremble.” We do not want or find that sort among our Sea Cadets. These two Dominions do, however, differ greatly in climate and from a physical standpoint. In Australia the climate varies from tropical in the north to intemperate the South. For its size Australia has comparatively few mountain ranges, the highest peak being a little over 7,000 feet. Vast areas in the centre of the continent consist of sandy and stony desert. Although Australia is nearly twenty- five times the size of the whole British Islands, its population of about 71 millions, including 50,000 natives, is I q s s than that of London, and is mainly concentrated near the coast, especially the east and south. The aborigines congregate farther inland, and it is safe to say that few Australians have ever even seen one. There are, alas, still many people in this country who just dismiss those portions coloured red on the map as wild, uncivilized lands populated mainly by natives. On my return to England from visiting the Navy League branches and Sea Cadets in Australia in 1938, I was describing the company which had assembled at a meeting in a small town near Melbourne. A, so- called, educated listener broke within the remark, “What! Were not they black? ”Black! They were as typically English as you who read this, and the cities and towns areas up to date as those in England, if not more so. Of the many cities and towns in Australia the two largest, Sydney and Melbourne, are about the size of Birmingham. Sydney is situated on the shores of what is often considered the finest and most beautiful harbour in the world. Before the formation of the Com­monwealth each inState Australia had its own small naval force, the main defence of Australasian waters being the responsibility of the Royal Navy. The Royal Australian Navy is now a formidable and efficient force its ships have served, have fought, in every sea during the war. Some have been sunk. The Navy League Sea Cadets in Australia have joined up in large numbers. Members of the Royal Australian Navy marching through Melbourne 99
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