Hutchinson's Pictorial History of the War, Series 15 No 11

HISTORY OF THE WAR IN BRIEF Summary of ihe Chief Events March 4,1942 The Dutch Jain v a have some succcss in upholding the Japanese advance. Soebang is recovered. The Japanese make several air raids on Bandoeng aerodrome. D arw in, in Northern Australia, is again raided, this time by Japanese fighters, and a certain amount of damage is done. Among other ministerial changes is the appointment o f Sir William Jo witt as Paym aster-General, with special regard to post-war reconstruction. The Germans continue their incessant hammering of the aerodromes on Malta. They attack all day and suffer substantial losses without doing any military damage worth mentioning. March 5 The Russian armies score a substantial success in the central region by recapturing the town o f Yukhnov, south-west o f Moscow. Two German divisions are defeated by Soviet Guards under General Golubov. The Germans make a night raid on Moscow for the first time for weeks but have very little success. In J a v a the Japanese make further progress, the allied counter-attack having failed. A t night Batavia, the capital, is captured and the enemy presses on against Bandoeng, the military centre o f Dutch resistance in the island. In New Guinea the Japanese upkeep their raids on Port M oresby. In Burm a our troops receive the support of tanks and successfully resist Japanese pressure in the region of Pegu. Lieutenant-General the Hon. Sir Harold Alexander succeeds Lieutenant-G eneral Hutton as commander in this area. The Japanese claim the capture o f the aerodrom Meat ingaladon, near Rangoon. March 6 American submarines have completed a good week in the F'ar East. A destroyer leader and a large tanker have been sunk and hits scored anon aircraft-carrier and three cruisers. In Libya our bombers carryout further night attacks on enemy shipping at Bengazi and Tripoli. A vessel lying at the Cathedral mole at Bengazi is hit and blows up. Danger to the Axis powers in this region is threatening from anew quarter. Free French troops from Chad territory capture an enemy position in Fczzan and the garrison of an enemy post. March 7 J a v a seems lost. Shortly after midday the official wireless station at Bandoeng broadcasts a farewell message to the effect that it is shutting down. live“Long our Queen good-bye till better times” are the final words. In Burm awe suffer a further disaster. A battle rages all evening for Rangoon and shortly after midnight the last Imperial troops are withdrawn and the enemy occupies the great port which is the sea gate to the Burm a road to China. The Japanese claim the sinking or capture o f a large number of allied ships which were trying to escape from ports on the north coast o f Ja v a.R.A .F .bombers make a night attack on the German naval base N azaire. 264] Vichy is trying to workup feeling against this country in connection with the raid on the Renault and other factories near Paris. There arc mass funerals o f the victims and the day is set aside as a day o f national mourning. March 8 J a v a having fallen, the Japanese turn their attention to New Guinea, as a stepping-stone to Australia. They effect a landing in some strength at the small port of Salam aua. A few hours later there is another landing at Lac. Australian aircraft bomb Japanese ships. The R.A .F .delivers two powerful blows against the German war machine. In the afternoon our bombers attack theM atford factory at Poissy, near Paris, which is producing war material for Germany. Both the factory and the lorry park arc hit. Other bombers attack the power station at Com ines, near Lille, and the railway yards at A bbeville. A t night there is avery heavy raid on Essen, the heart o f Germ any’s industrial concentration. No less than 22 big fires are counted before the last bomber turns for home. The Australians have a great air success in Libya. Flying American K ittyh aw k infighters an action over Tobruk, they bring down without suffering any loss three German dive-bom bers and six Italian fighters. March 9 A small force o f R.A .F .bombers raid the power and industrial plant Mat azingarbe, near Bethune. The Japanese are exultant— and inaccurate— over the scale-of their succcss Jain v a .They say that the allied forces have surrendered and nearly 100,000 prisoners arc in their hands. But the vast bulk is Javanese and not European. Admiral Harold Stark, American Chief o f Naval Operations, is appointed Commander o f the United States Naval Forces in European waters. During the morning the German battleship Tirpitz is discovered proceeding in a northerly direction up the Norwegian coast from Trondheim .She is attacked with torpedoes from naval aircraft. The result is not observed but she is last seen retiring undercover o f a heavy smoke-screen. The Russian Air F’orce has one o fits best days, destroying 83 German aircraft, including 39 Ju .52 transport planes which were carrying food and other supplies to surrounded German forces. There arc further furious German air attacks on Malta, particularly the aerodromes. March 10 Australian and American aircraft make avery heavy attack on Japanese war vessels and shipping off Salam aua and other points on the northern coast o f New Guinea. Four ships are left burning and two sinking, while another is beached. The aerodrome is also bombed. The German raids on Malta continue and the enemy’s losses arc one ju .88 and two M e .log’s damaged. Mr. Anthony Eden reveals that the Japanese were guilty of the most appalling atrocities— including the raping o f women and the bayoneting o f captured soldiers— after the fall o f Hong Kong. H e says that the vaunted Japanese bushido, or code o f chivalry, is pure hypocrisy.
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