Eighth Army News No 143 Vol 3 March 11th 1944

-1 J * d EIGHTH ARMY NEWS No.E 143, Vol. 3 SATURDAY, 11th MARCH, 1944 ITALY RUSSIANS’ BLACK SEA THRUST German Defences Smashed Both Ends Of 300-Mile Ukraine Defence Line WITH concerted blows south and weston the Ukraine front the Russians have smashed open General Manstein’s 300-mile de­ fence line at either end. Marshal Stalin announces anew Russian breakthrough. Resu­ming his offensive southwest of Krivoi Rog, General Malinovsky has pierced Von Manstein’s rear positions to within 40 miles of Nikolaev, which guards the approaches to the Black Seaport of Odessa. Last night the Germans admitted evacuating Uman, big junction 100 miles south of Kiev. The western offensive under Marshal Zhukov has taken the Russians to historic Tarnopol where fierce fighting is ongoing in the suburbs. Soviet troops are only six miles from Proskurov, ano­ther big centre on the Odessa-Lwow-Warsaw rail­way, UNABLE TO DEPLOY The Russians now control the railway stretch between Tarnopol and Proskurov, and have captured Staro-Kons- tantinov. 20 miles north of Proskurov. It is becoming apparent that Von Mansteln Is unable effeo- tivolv to deploy his forces to meet the wide range of Rus­sian thrusts, say correspon­dents. His Troubles tf.re trot limited to the threats developing to the Nazi-held bastions of Lwow across the 1939 Polish border and to Odessa on the Black Sea at the southern end of the German de­ fence line. The cutting of the Odessa railway means that Von Manstein may have to face a similar situation to that inside the Dnieper Bend when 10 of his divisions were trapped. DEFEATED NINE DIVS Double encirclement threatens his southern formations. They may find themselves besieged inside Nikolaev and Kherson in the Black Sea sector. Only roads into Ru­mania are now left either to supply or evacuate this force. In his drive towar<fs Niko­ laev General Malinovsky's men defeated nine divisions and forced a crossing of the River Ingillts, says Moscow, On the northern front, fighting goes on for the towns of Narva, Pokov and Ostrow. Swedish Press reports from Helsinki say Russian ^planes bombed the Esthonian capital ot Tallin on Thursday night. B a iile Of Berlin WE HAVE AMAZING SECRET DEVICES OLIVER LYTTLETGN, Minister of Production, speaking in London yesterday referred weapons and devices—not to Germans have felt their full Lyttleton said that recent successes in the battle of Berlin were due not only to the growing strength of our “Ruffians” Mow Down Japs A desperate enemy attempt to ford the Chindwin river in North Burma, failed when the «Gua­dalcanal Rufftans» of Lt, Col Charles Brack, lined the opposite bank with tommy guns and au­tomatic rifles and mowed down 300 ofO he encircled Japanese Eighteenth Army. The Eighteenth Army fought in the capture of Singapore, but is now attempting to evade en­circlement by Allied troops. As the Japanese slipped into the water, the tommy gunners and riflemen mowed them down. When 300 Jap bodies had born piled up near the village of La- gong Ga —after several-attempts —the enemy withdrew inside the encircled area again. WarhawksKO German Long Range Guns WITH ground activity on all fronts in Italy slowed almost to a standstill by the bad weather, it was left to the Allied Air Forces to hammer away at the enemy. Our heavy bombers were grounded, but medium and light bombers were out attacking railway communica­tions and gun positions. Curtin For London The Australian Prime Minister. John Curtin, told Parliament today that he is going to Britain for discussions with .Prime Minister Churchill. Warliawks sought German long-range guns used to shell port areas in theAnzio bridge­head. Three of those guns were found south-west of Rome and in spite of intense AA fire our pilots claim to have knocked out two of them. Mediums bombed San Stefano and Montalto di Castro and figh­ter bombers swept on positions near Campoleons and the rail­way at Campranica. Altogether theM A A F carried out 900 sorties from which two of our aircraft are missing. Over the battle area 30 enemy planes were sighted, one being brought down by small firearms as it flew low straffing our men. On the ground patrolling was the order of the day with ooca- sional artillery and mortar duels. Movement in the enemy rear around the bridgehead suggests that the Germans are still regrou­ping their forces. Following a clash between an American patrol and some Ger­mans west of Cisterna, (ire was upheld wh.le the Germans- col­lected their dead and. wounded under the protection of the Red Cross flag. Other patrol clashes occurred in the ravmee of the upper Mnl- ietta south w<t»t of Carroceto. On the Eighth Army front a Canadian fighting patrol caused a number of casualties among a party of Germans they met near 0,’ecchio. British troops repulsed enemy patrols in the neighbourhood of Casoti It is officially announced that the number of German prisoners taken since our landing on the Italian mainland exceeds 15,000. Since the end of January Ger­man casualties in and around Cassino on the mam Fifth Army front amount to 7,500 killed and wounded and 1,500 captured. bombing of Cassino Mona­stery from which German forces had commanded Al- lied-held territory. Britain Plans New Education Ail secondary schools in Britain are to be brought within one sys­tem of genera! principles. This assurance was given to the House of Commons by Mr. R.A. Butler, President of the Board of Educa­tion. Mr. Butler promised that when conversations with educationists had reached a further stage he would report to the House on the principles agreed. Mine Strike MayBe Called Off Tomorrow Efforts will be made this weekend to settle1 the strike of miners in the Welsh coalfields, which was described by the BBC yesterday as «Just a little worse ».More than 90,000 men were out. to «many new secret be made public until the force ».great bomber fleets, but in great measure to amazing secret devices which enabled our bombers togo out in all types of weather and hit targets with precision. Bri­tish designers and scientists remained second to none and last year’s production on the whole field of munitions had reached the highest level yet despite many changeovers to meet strategic need3at' tht -armed forces- Berlin Attack Unopposed London, Friday. Practically no fighter op­position came up against the large force of American heavy bombers which attac­ked Berlin in daylight ye­sterday. There was thick overcloud the city but the bombers were guided to their targets by the glow of large fires left after the previous day’s raid. Heavy damage was caused, say reports from Stoc- kolm to-day. Only sev'en bombers and one fighter pre Not one of tfte RAF Lancaster* which last night attacked an air­craft factory near Marseilles was lost. Spokesman at the Air Ministry has revealed that in the six weeks from the end of January to the beginning of March the Luftwaffe in 16 attacks dropped less than 1,700 tons of high explosives atid incendiaries on England. Although the explosives were more powerful, the heaviest load dropped in one night was 275 tons. As against the 1700 tons dropped by the Luftwaffe we dropped 36.000 tons on Germany alone and 10.000 tons on the occupied terri­tories. The Luftwaffe lost 83 aircraft, a slightly higher percentage than in preceding months. At. a trade union conference today 13 MPs from Welsh mining constituencies will urge the men to return to work so that nego­tiations for settling outstanding problems can proceed. Tomor­row the miners’ lodges will vote on the decision of the conference. In Britain hopes of a settle­ment are high, for the Minister of Fuel has made proposals for removing major grievances by reconstructing the industry’s complicated wage structure. The new wages will be guaranteed till 1947. As an immediate measure the Government proposes an allow7 - ance for miners working in water, payable in addition-to the ne^v minimum of L5 per week for underground workers. Fur­ther grievances will be conside­red as t-oon as the miners return to work. Most of the' i .000 miners who struck in the Durham district have returned to work. Communist leader Harry Pol- litt said in Brighton: «The Prime Minister would be well advised to call alt the miners together and put to them all available in­formation in regard to the com­ing tremendous battles and the key part coal has to play in'w in­ning them.» Pollitt said he hoped the mi­ners would accept the terms their leaders had negotiated and not only return to work but makeup for lost time. AXIS LEGATIONS U.S. Questions Eire A report from Washington says that the United States Government has asked Eire to cut her ties with Germany by the closing of the Japanese and German Lega­tions in Dublin. President Resigns President Ramirez of Argentina has resigned. Army Out Of Party Politics Amendment of King’s Regulit teone to permit members of the Forces to take an active part in politics was urged by Mr N. Lawson (CommonWealth, Skipt- on) in the House of Commons yesterday. «If 1 had not broken KRs in this matter over a good number of years I shou'd not have been asked to contest a seat,» he said,« I shall continue to do what I canto work against them and to advise members of the Forces who ask my advice to break the Regulations. »Replying, Major Henderson, financial secretary to the W'ar Office, said he hoped that on reflection Lawson would regret his statement, which was enco­uraging serving personnel ta commit acts of indiscipline. Gallant Pole Pilots Opening a London exhibition in aid of the Polish Air Force, 3ritish Air Minister, Sir Archibald Sinclair, paid tribute to Polish pilots who escaped to Britain. «They trusted us and we trusted them, »he said. «We could not have trusted more loyal and gallant comrades.»
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