Under the Union Jack, No. 30, Vol. 2, June 2nd 1900

700 UNDER THE UNION JACK. \June 2,1900. to trek away. They were shelled out, Snym an was nearly captured, and a gun, a flag, and a large quantity of ammuni­tion and stores were captured. A splendid conclusion truly to the gallant Baden-Pow ell’s admirable service Mat afeking! Lord Robe r ts’ Advances .When we think of M ajor-General Baden-Powell we do not forget the gallant Field-M arshal who directed the opera­tions for his relief. The nation trusted Lord Roberts and found itself justified. H e had promised, and he kept his word. The relief of Mafeking coincided with active movements in the neighbourhood of Kroonstad, with the advance of Sir Redvers Buller in Natal, and with the occupation on May 16th of Christiana by Sir Archibald Hunter, which covered the actual operation of Colonel Mahon, and caused the Boers to retire in some alarm towards Klerksdorp, the terminus of the Johannesburg Railway. Lord Roberts was necessarily obliged to halt his main body for a certain time at Kroonstad in order that the railway behind him might be made good, and that supplies might come up, but his mounted forces did excellent service mean­while. General Ian Hamilton’s Mounted Infantry under Broadwood, with some cavalry and infantry,, occupied Lindley, the intended third capital of Mr. Steyn, after very slight opposition, on May 17th, while General Hutton made a dash to Bothaville, about thirty miles north-west of Kroon­ stad, and captured Commandant Philip Botha 011 the same day, with some other officers and a party of seventeen Boers, mostly Zarps, from Johannesburg. As we write Lord Roberts’s further advance has begun, and we may expect it to be rapid. He has moved forward to Honing’s Spruit, and Hamilton,Ian after a stubborn fight, has driven the Boers out of Heilbron, and captured many waggons and a quantity of stores. These operations struck terror into the hearts of the Orange Staters in those parts, many of whom showed a great disposition to lay down their arms, among them Commandant Piet de Wet, who informed General Hamilton that he was prepared to surrender with his commando on terms, but was informed that any surrender must be unconditional. The people in Kroonstad expressed great bitterness against the Transvaal, and have at length realised that they have been used by their “brother B o e rs” and deceived by Mr. Steyn. Lord Methuen also made an advance on May 17th. lie entered Hoopstad, where Generals Duprez and Daniels, with some forty men, surrendered. His troops have thus come into line with the general advance, and should play a con­siderable part 011 the left flank. On the right flank Sir Leslie Rundle also advanced upon an extended front. On May 17th he occupied Trommel, half­way between W inburg and Ficksburg, while General Brabant entered Clocolan near the Basuto border. It was reported that the Boers fell back upon Senekal and Ficksburg, but their positions are untenable in the presence of Sir Leslie Rundle’s movement. The occupation of Heilbron by HamiltonIan must exert a considerable influence upon the forces confronting him, for he is upon the flank of their retirement, actually in rear of Senekal, and seriously threaten­ing Bethlehem, which is upon the road of retreat from Ficksburg. The chief feature of the march of General Rundle’s Division was the surrendering of the Orange Staters, w rho came in in great numbers, though the country passed in marching to Trommel was exceedingly mountainous, and could easily have been defended. The advance was continued, and some companies of Imperial Yeomanry were placed in occupation of Ladybrand. The Boers Driven from Natal .We have already chronicled the occupation of Glencoe by Sir Redvers Buller. His plan of turning out the Boers from the Biggarsberg w r as well conceived and admirably carried out. The enemy were outmanoeuvred, and thrown into confusion by the rapidity of a movement which turned their flank, and made their positions difficult or impossible to hold. Our infantry and cavalry marched splendidly. The advance from Glencoe was rapid, and Newcastle was occupied on the night of May 17th, the whole of the Second Division and the 3rd Cavalry concentrating thereon the next day. The enemy were flying in rather a disorderly rabble, while about 1,000 of them crossed the Buffalo toW akkerstroom, and others passed through into the Orange State by Miller’s Pass. On May 19th General Clery moved up to Ingogo, and Dundonald’s Cavalry pushed forward to Lain g’s Nek, almost catching up the tail of the enemy’s column, and capturing a few prisoners and waggons. The Boers expressed their determination to defend Laing’s Nek, but the real situation in regard to it is unknown as we write. They have greatly damaged the railway, destroying several bridges and many culverts, and the Lain g’s Nek tunnel has been destroyed by dynamite. It is, therefore, improbable, even if Lain g’s Nek should be occupied, that railway transport could for sometime to become restored. Avery unfortunate incident was the ambushing of a squadron of Bethune’s Horse six miles from Vryheid on May 20th. The squadron had crossed the Buffalo Vat ant’s Drift to show itself in Nqutu, but fell among the enemy, and very few escaped. The total casualties were about sixty-six, and Lord De laW arr was among the wounded. The resistance in the Orange State is completely broken, and the burghers are utterly disgusted with the course of events, and only anxious to find some means of escaping from their difficulties and returning to their farms. Mr. Kruger is said to be desirous that the Orange Staters should make an heroic stand south of the Vaal, but his own action is very obscure. There is great doubt as to whether Pretoria will be defended or whether the seat of Government will be transferred to Lydenburg. The truth appears to be that the Boers themselves have not easily decided upon their next move. The foreigners among them appear to be wishful that Pretoria should be defended, but those who have property in the place advocate some other course. It maybe suspected that even the Boer oligarchs are at last convinced that they cannot defeat us by force of arms. Perhaps they have not yet altogether lost hope of their friends in foreign governments. They depended much upon the endeavours of Dr. Leyds and of their Peace Commissioners, who have met with a somewhat lukewarm welcome in America. It maybe worthwhile to conclude by quoting the excellent words which that good friend of England and of his own country, Captain Mahan, has written to Mr. Fischer and Mr. W essels, the Orange State delegates, in relation to the failure of the burghers of the Orange State :“Now that the war has not resulted in their victory and the humiliation of Great Britain, is it becoming to themas men to come whimpering to our people to lav the spectre which they themselves evoked, and to lift from their throats the hands which would not have touched them but for their own rash or magnanimous act ?If the Free Staters hope to retain the sympathy, and even the respect, of thinking persons, let them act like men and,bear the consequences of their acts, and not run like babies to the nearest bystanders for comfort.” If Spain had worsted the United States, he asks, what figure would Americans have cut if they had sent a mission to Great Britain asking her to protect them from their conquerors ?Some of the photographs used here are owned by Messrs. Bowers, Cribb, Elliott and Fry, Pyne, Siblhorp, and the proprietors of the Cape Times. The stereoscopic photographs which appear 011 pages 69S and 703 were taken by Messrs. Underwood and Underwood, London, copyright 1900 and we are indebted to the courtesy of the Graphic, Sphere, and Navy and Army Illustrated for some of the other illustrations in this number. “UNDER THE UNION JACK’’—PHOTOS. OF ALL THE GENERALS AT THE FRONT.
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