Eighth Army News No 37 Vol 7 June 21st 1945

FOR EIGHTH ARMY AND OAF .FOUNDED IN 1941 m y Mews No. 37 Vol. 7 Thursday June 21,1945 Allied Pincers Force ANew Far East Withdrawal SIGNS AT OF JAP EXIT SINGAPORE Sea°r Japan ,V-i-::#•*, Iu htS k itfo 'MPh ik oku . ¦ Fefcaho Is. *¦»-THERE are indications that the Japanese are withdrawing from the former great British base of Singapore to escape the giant Allied pincers converging from China and Burma. Heavy railway traffic is streaming northwards from the city towards the Siamese capital of Bangkok, said a Reuter’s special correspondent yesterday. The Japanese garrison appears anxious to get clear of the city before their escape route into Indo-Clyna and Siam is finally severed by Allied bombers, which have already destroyed several branch lines and junctions along the line. THIS NEW MOVE AT THE SOUTHERN TIP OF THE JAPANESE ”OCCUPIED ”EMPIRE COINCIDED WITH A JAPANESE ANNOUNCEMENT THAT ALU TASKED FORCES HAVE APPEARED SOUTH-WEST OF THE NOW VIRTUALLY CLEARED OKINAWA. One of these forces alone, southernmost Japanese home ri«s« ti LISt h•Os t n t t n OftmSurto jShanghai N M:ys k 0 < W ?n choW /^-*0 *tel i a 2 * S *£«0 S e a PARTISAN IS ITALY PREMIER THE seemingly insuperable difficulties of the Italian political crisis have apparently been overcome at last. Ferruccio Parri, leader of the Action Party, has talked six parties into agreement, and anew Italian Cabinet has been formed to succeed that o f Bonomi. The new Cabinet is as follows :Prime Minister and Minister otf the Interior: Ferruccio Parri, V icet-P rem iersM a lion Brosio (Liberal) and Pietro N e inn (Socialist). Foreign Minister: Alcide de Gasperi (Christian Democrat). Minister of Justice: Palmiro Togliatti (Communist). FOR RECONSTRUCTION Reconstruction: Meiuecio Ruini (Labour Democrat). Treasury: Mapcello S o 1 ire (Liberal). Finshcf* • Manr*5 Seoocir-’ arro (Communist), Education: Vincenzo Arangio Ruiz (Liberal). Industry and Commerce: Giovanni G rone hi (Christian Democrat). Labour and Social Welfare: Barbareschi (Socialist) Transiport : Ugo La Malfa (Action Party). Public Works :Giuseppe Romita (Socialist). Post-war Rehabilitation :Emilio> Lussu (Action Party). Food :Enrico Mole (Labour .Democrat), The name of the new Minister for Communications has not yet been announced, but it is under­stood that he" will abe Christian Democrat, writes Cecil Sprigge, Reuter’s Special Correspondent in 'Rome. APPROVAL REQUIRED The Ministers for War. Aiir and Navy have gone respectively to a Christian Democrat, a Labour Democrat and an Independent, but their nomination is subject to Allied approval. Ferruccio Parri, Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior in the new Italian Government, fought as ”General Maurizio ”with the Partisans in Northern Italy. Leopold To Try To Form Govt. King Leopold of the Belgians has decided to try to form anew government before his return from Salzburg, it is an­nounced by van Aahille Aokgr, Prime Minister of Belgium. The King, said van Acker, had meanwhile asked Prince Charles, (his brother, to continue as Regent. It is understood in Brussels that Professor Jacques Priennes, per­sonal friend of Kimg Leopold. Louis Fredriq, former chief of the king’s cabinet, and Weemes, former assistant chief of the cabinet, have been sounding out the possibility <bf forming anew government. Dr. Albert Marteaux. Communis, leader arid Minister of Health in svan Acker’s government, has stated that the threatened general strike will not be called officially until orders are given by trade union leaders, and that this will not happen until King Leopold returns. t-.sPormosa O ’11 said the radio report_yesterday •consists of five carriers and one battleship, while at least three battleships have been noted in the other fleet. In addition, over 100 transport ships are riding at anchor in the Kerama islands off southern Okinawa. The people of Kyushu, the 50 NATIONS WILL SIGN CHARIER *RGElNTINE will bethe first country to sign the United Natiohs security charter which will h e ready by Saturday for the signatures of the 50 delegations attending the San Francisco Con­ference. Each country will sign in alphabetical order. The actual signing of the charter will take about eight hours. Arrangements have been made for the most elaborate cinertiatographio and photographic facilities iu be avaiK able, in order to obtain an absolute pictorial record of this historic ceremony. The Conference has reached complete agreement on all issues affecting the trusteeship of depen­dent territories. Aims for such dependent territories are :develop­ment of self-government, due regard for the political aspirations of the peoples concerned and assistance towards progressive development of their free political institutions. FOR THE LOST The Air Ministry announces the establishment of a Missing Re­search and Enquiry Service to trace the fate of aircrews still missing from operations during the European war. The service has been setup in conjunction with the Dominion authorities. ANGLO-FRENCH ‘PACT HOPES JIT the conclusion of the foreign H affairs debate in the French Chamber, a resolution was passed asking the French Government to intensify its efforts to conclude a Franco-British pact which, with the Franco-Soviet pact. would bethe basis of future European peace. Political circles in Paris regard as particularly significant the sug­gestion made during the debate by Gen. de Gaulle that Britain might make a proposal through the French Ambassador in London, which would seal the Anglo- French breach. Gen. de Gaulle declared:’’ I hope for a solution which will preserve this Franco -British friendship which is the foundation of our policy, and essential to international harmony.” MayBe Norway’s Next Leader Einar Gerhardsen, young and popular mayor of Oslo, and leader of the Norwegian Labour Party, may become Norway’s next Prime Minister. This report, from the Norwegian Telegraph Agency, followed an announcement by Chief Justice Parlo Berg that he had been un­successful in his attempts to form anew government. Gerhardsien was .reported in 1042 island, are of the definite opinion that the Allies are about to strike at their island, stated a radio message from Melbourne yester­day. Defences to meet this invasion are almost completed^ the Japanese superintendent-general o f the Kyushu regional district, Ukiro Tothuka, said in a Tokio broad­cast yesterday. He expressed the opinion that invasion would be only briefly delayed and that this island would bethe main objective of the Allied force. The Japanese statement followed further Superfortress ”fire blitz ”raids on targe,is on Kyushu and Honshu on Tuesday Overnight. 400 planes took part in the raid, which according to Gen. Le May. Commander of 21st American Bomber Command, is just a foretaste of what is now being prepared. Soon, he implied, there would be no Japan to make war against. Already, he said, heavier loads of bombs were hitting Japan than fell in any of the raids on the Reich, and soon the Commander of the American Air Forces Gen. H. H. Arnold, would be able to Imnmince a huge "flew Army Air Force established in the Pacific which would considerably increase the punching power of the present B29 force.s Hon g -Kong To Hmsien Burma Job EISENHOWER IN NEW YORK fpW O million New Yorkers lined *37 miles o f procession route yesterday to give General Eisen­hower the biggest reception in the city’s history. A 17-gun salute boomed out as the Supreme Commander’s trans­port plane, escorted by fighters?, landed at La Guardia airfield. The first to greet Gen. Eisenhower was Mayor La Guardia, who was lead­ing the city’s holidaying millions. Most schools, offices and shops were closed for half day. Gen. Eisenhower stepped into an open car and began a drive along almost every main thoroughfare of Manhattan, Sir Peirson Frank, LCO’s chief to have been taken by ihe Gsr- engineer, is the n_£jv president of mans to a concentration camp. the Institution of Civil Engineers,, TWO new bridging methods *which assisted the Allied armies to victory in Europe are now in use in western Burma, for crossing small rivers and anti-tank ditches and forming ramps for scaling cliffs. The Scissors bridge, sup­ported by a Churchill tank chassis is seen in the top picture., while above a Sexton self-propelled gun crosses an ”Ark ”bridge, one of which spans the Senio in Italy. Successful against the Ger­mans. they are today speeding the drive against the final enemy. ELECTION* COST WiLL* BE HIGH r J'HiE General Election %going to cost the Govern..ment much more than5 any 'election in the past. Normally, the Exchequer has to afoot bill for about 350,000 pounds. This is made up of payments to returning officers, the printing of ballot papers and other' costs which, according to law, are a state expenditure. This time, that amount will b9 exceeded because of the additional cost o f sending voting papers to troops. It is estimated that of “3.250.000 Service voters about 1.080.000 have chosen to vote by ipost. Ballot papers, and the permitted amount of election literature, have to be flown to troops and the com­pleted papers flown to England from as faraway as Burma. That entails a considerable cost in petrol. A special central organisation is required to sort out the papers. In peace-time a popular estimate was that close on 2.000,000 pounds changed hands at a General Elec­tion. It was made up like this :Cost to the Government 350,000 pounds election expenses of candidates (taking the 1935 figure) 723,000 pounds money found by parties, through appeals for funds from voluntary donors, and money spent in various byways individuals in connection with the campaign 900.000 pounds. Under existing conditions, caridi. dates maybe more economical in their expenditure. They are per­mitted to spend 6d. per elector in counties, and 5d. in boroughs. It has been computed that it costs, anon average, 700 pounds to make a Conservative candidate a Member o f Parliament and 450 pounds to do the same for a Labour man.Y wingW ^BOOTY The ¦loot, hunt -and. sort-out con- Unites in Germany. Here" Bra the two latest stories of stolen property. EGYPT wants the head of Queen*“ Nefertiti, wife of her Pharaoh Akhenaton, to be returned from Germany, where it was dis­covered by troops of General Patton’s army in a Merkens salt mine last April, It was taken to Germany originally by a German expedition from Egypt. A request for the return was .made yesterday by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities. *pO REIGN securities and gold, and silver bullion valued at 1,000,000,000 pounds are among the vast trtaswre hoard found by AMed Military Govemmemt officers in vaults of the Regttis- burg Reichsbamk. Indian Gift Fund Chairman’s Visit HR HOMI MEHTA, chairman §f *the Bombay War Gifts Fund rounded off his visit to Italy yester.day with an interview with Field- Marshal Alexander. Sir Mohi is leaving for England today. At the suggestion of Field- Marshal Alexander he will visit the Fourth Indian Division in Greece on his return from England be for o proceeding to the Middle East. Displaying amazing energy, 74- year-old Sir Mohi, who arrived in Italy on June 7, has toured nearly all Indian units in the country,^ DEAT SENTENCED TO DEATH THE French Fascist leader, Marcel Deat, who has been tried in his absence by the French high court o f justice for collaborat­ing with the enemy, has been sentenced to death, the French radio reported yesterday. Deat is instill hiding, presumably in Germany or -former German- occupied territory where he is being sought like other war criminals. If found he can now be immedi­ately executed without further formalities.
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