Eastern Province Herald November 3rd 1948

limitation '.Proposal (Sgipa’s Special Correspondent). PARIS, Tuesday. SOUTH AFR IC A’S restrictions on inter-provincial immigration were cited by India to-day, when she opposed the proposed limitation by Russia on the movement of citizens within a state. The matter arose during dis­cussion in the Social Committee earner by Bulgaria that she was willing to negotiate with Greece on frontier problems, but cate­gorically rejected the Western Powers’ resolution, put forward by Britain, the United States, France and China. “LOTS OF NOISE” Attacking a speech by General Carlos Romulo (Philippines) Mr. Vyshinsky had said: “Although he is so small, this little man spreads lots and lots of noise about him.” Mr. Spaak rapped' his presi­dential gavel and said he could not allow one member of the Committee to use such language about another. Mr. Vyshinsky retorted: “If Romulo was allowed to speak then no matter how much you rap on the table you cannot shut me up.” The resolution laid the respon­sibility for Greece’s internal troubles with her northern neigh­ bours and recommended the con­tinuation of the U.N.O. special commission on the Balkans. After along debate, with the East and West repeating argu­ments they have put forward for the last five days, the Committee adjourned.— (Sapa-Reuter). NATIONALISATION: MORE TO COME LONDON, Tuesday. —The Chancellor of the Duehy of Lan­caster, Mr. Hugh Dalton, hinted in the House of Commons to­night that there might be some more nationalisation measures in the next Parliament. The andiron steel nationalisa­ tion bill, Mr. Dalton said, was the last big measure in this Par­liament. In the next there might be more.— (Sapa-Reuter). UNOFFICIAL RETURNS The first unofficial returns in Harris County, Texas, gave the lead to President Truman. In­complete returns from 10 of the country’s 170 polling districts gave President Truman 151 votes and Mr. Dewey 79, Governor Thurman 36 and Mr. Wallace none. The first Presidential candi­dates to ballot were President Truman, who voted in the s m A Mid-Western town of Indepen4 dence, Missouri, the "Third Party”'- nominee, Mr. Henry Wallace '(Progressive) and Mr. Norman Thomas (Socialist), who has unsuccessfully stood# at five pre­vious elections. Heavy voting was reported in the states of Pennsylvania, Ohio and Illinois. Pennsylvania’s 178,000 coalminers took the day off to vote, on instructions from Mr J. L. Lewis, President of the United Mineworkers’ Union. Rain, which was reported to be spread- (Continued in page 2) DAKOTA CRASH AT WIESBADEN BERLIN, Tuesday. A n American Dakota crash­ed and was burnt out to­night while trying to land at Wiesbaden in the dense fog which, for the second con-^>secutive day, has blanketed1 airports in western G< _:p^. The aircraft oversl,T,e/the runway at its first approach. Circling for a second attempt, it crashed about a mile jiway. The number of the crew and passengers is not y ^ x known.— (Sapa-Reuter). / kj a ian u u g v ru v c i iilllt J llL action to adjust their pay to the wildly rising prices.— (Sapa-Reuter). ONLY WAY TO SAVE CHINA U.S. MILITARY AND ECONOMIC AID IMMEDIATELY ASIA MENACED BYCOMMUNISM SHANGHAI, Tuesday. —The oply way to prevent the total collapse of the Chinese Government’s military posi­tion, after\its Manchuria de­feat, was by immediate Uni­ted States itjiilitary and eco­nomic aid on a scale little short of that lequired in war, a highly-placed American source told lieuter here to­day. j He made ^Iiis statement as the latest Chinfese reports, reaching here to-(Wy, said that Chinese Communist forces were massing about 600,000 men under Gene­rals Cli©n Yi and Lui Po-Cheng, for an offensive against the main Government bastion of Hsuchow, in Central China, and principal gateway to China’s capital, Nan­king. ONLY EFFECTIVE BARRIER The American source said that all aid, without any further hesi­tation, was essential, because President Chiang Kai-shek’s re­gime, no matter what short­comings it may have, was still the only effective barrier against Communism in Asia. Any advance Communism made in China automatically setback the programme of restraining Communism in Europe, and once China was lost, there would belittle hope of stemming a Com­munist flood over the rest of Asia, he said. In the event of a third world war, the American source de­clared, the airbases in China would bethe nearest points from which bombers could takeoff on raids against industrial centres in Soviet Russia. They were (Con tin u ed in next column )The Anglo-American Council on Productivity setup to assist in the great production drive, held its first meeting in the Council Room of the Federation of British Indus­tries, Tothill Stree't, London. Left to right: Mr. Philip D. Reed (U.S.A.) Sir Frederick Bain (Gt. Britain), Joint Chairman of the British sec­tion and Mr. Lincoln Evans, representing the Trade Union Council, at the meeting. “SANCTIONS” IN PALESTINE? SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION PARIS, Tuesday.— The United Nations Security Council is to meet on Thursday to discuss the Anglo-Chinese-Palestine “sanc­tions” resolution. The resolution is designed to (1) restore a truce in the Negev area of southern Palestine, and (2) setup a committee to study sanctions which might be applied casein of non-compliance. The Council’s sub-committee, which met tp-day to frame its report on the. form of the final text, rejected a last-minute Ukraine counter-proposal recom­mending the continuation of direct Jewish-Arab negotiations. IN THE LEBANON BEIRUT: The Lebanese De­ fence Ministry said last night that the Arab Liberation Army had retreated to new positions in northern Palestine but that Leb­ anon’s frontiers were untouched. The Ministry said the retreat followed a week of heavy fighting which ended yesterday. Heavy losses were inflicted on the Jews. The Foreign Minister received Gen. William Riley, chief U.N.O. observer in Palestine, and other U.N.O. observers and protested to them against an alleged Jew­ish violation of the cease-fire order.— (Sapa-Reuter). closer to Russia than anything in Europe or the Middle East, he said. CHIANG KAI-SHEK Informed pro-government sources in Shanghai said to-day they thought there was little like­lihood of Chiang Kai-shek aban­doning the leadership of the Government at_ present, even if the Cabinet resigned or moved to South China. In assessing the chances of the Government armies, observers here said to-day that it was a mistake to over-emphasise the importance of the troops, equip­ment and strategy employed by the High Command. What has often swayed the outcomes of recent battles has been morale, observers said, adding that the loss of such major strongholds as Tsinan, Chinchow and Changchun, was due directly to defections from the Govern­ment forces.— (Sapa-Reuter). (See Also Page 9) on Article II. of the draft declar­ation of human rights. This article says: “Everyone has^the right to freedom of movement and resi­dence within the borders of each state, and everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own.” Russia proposed a qualification, namely that these rights should be “in accordance with the laws of the state.” Dr. A. Appadorai (India) said that the article as it stood was important, because freedom of movement and residence affected the lives and fortunes of large numbers of people everywhere, and more especially Natives and Asians who lived in Africa. “The proclamation of this right,” said Dr. Appadorai, “will give hope to millions who are now denied this responsibility. UNNECESSARY “We all agree that this right, like every other right, is subject to the interests of general security and welfare. This is fully safeguarded in Article 27 of the declaration, which permits the limitations necessary to secure due recognition and re­spect for the rights of others, and the requirements of morality, public order and general welfare in a democratic country. “Moreover,' it strikes us that the inclusion of the phrase ‘in accordance with the laws of the inState’ only one particular article of the declaration, and not in the others, may betaken by some states to mean that this is an over-riding phrase, and thus to justify restrictions on free movement not contemplated by the declaration,” added Dr. Appadorai. “WHOLE WORLD KNOWS” “There will bean attempt to justify such restrictions on inter­ provincial immigration and on residence, and the maintenance of a reserved area for Asian peoples and for Natives of Africa, such areas prevalent not only in the Union of South Africa, but in several other parts of the African Continent. I do not pro­pose to refer to the details of these laws. The whole world knows them.” India knew that Russia was far removed from any thought of justifying these or similar laws. However, for the reasons given, India would vote against Russia’s amendment because it was capable of misinterpretation. O l I U V I IV/ 1 H 1 \ I PORTS PARIS, Tuesday.— Troops, using teargas and rifles, fought pithead battles with striking miners at Lieven, in Northern France, to-day. Six security guards were injured by grenades. The fighting began when troops tried to clear a pit and were checked by pickets and massed strikers. From a footbridge near the pit, the strikers emptied tins of petrol on the troops and hurled grenades at them. When the strikers tried to surround a Bren gun carrier, the troops threw tear-gas bombs and fired blank machine gun rounds. Later they opened fire with their rifles, driving the strikers off. ROUNDING UP PICKETS A spokesman of the Ministry of the Interior said the troops’ Commander had ordered his men to roundup the pickets. The French News Agency re­ported that the troops finally occupied the pit, arresting 20 strikers. The miners left the pit headed by the red flag and singing. Several alleged acts of sabotage were reported to-day as Govern­ment forces resumed the clearing of strike-bound pits after yester­day’s 24-hour truce for All Saints Day. Four coaches were overturned, but no one was injured, when a miners train was- derailed near Nerin, in north France, the French News Agency reported. WOUNDED INFIGHTING In all, 15 men were wounded in the fighting at the Lievin pit, near Bethune, according to the French News Agency. The Agency said the strikers occupying the pit set fire to petrol and oil which they had poured into trenches, making a barrier of flame between them­selves and the advancing troops. STRIKE SITUATION The ¦strike situation in the French coal ports was stated officially to-night to be: Soldiers and dockers were at work to­gether at Rouen and Bordeaux. Troops were working unaided at Le Havre, Nantes, St. Nazaire and La Pallice. Dockers were work­ing at almost full strength at Cherbourg. Stevedores at Bor­deaux stopped work this morning, but unloading continued at the outer port of Blay. — (Sapa-Reuter). MR. CHAS.TE WATER LONDON, Tuesday.— Mr. Chas.te Water, South African Ambas­sador Extraordinary, had a talk with Mr. Philip Noel Baker, Secretary of State for Common­wealth Relations. To-morrow, he will togo No. 10, Downing St., to seethe Prime Minister, Mr. Attlee. On Saturday, Mr. te Water will leave for New York in the Mauretania.— (Sapa-Special). MORE IMMIGRANTS FOR S. AFRICA ROTTERDAM, Tuesday.— Seven hundred and fifty emigrants left here for South Africa to-day aboard the Rotterdam Lloyd ship, Kota Inten. Among them were some 70 Britons, and a number of Germans, Belgians, Swiss, French and Danes. The majority of the emigrants were building workers Dr. P. C. Schonees and Mrs. Botha, S.A. Government officials, are accompanying the emigrants, to give lectures and advice in general.— (Sapa-Reuter). 'J H E Minister of Food, Mr. John Strachey, said last night that he believed that “get down to business” was the one relation­ship which it might be possible to have with Russia to-day. He was answering Opposition criticism in the House of Com­mons of the Government’s policy of trading with Russia while the “cold war’’ lasted. Speeches of Opposition mem­bers, he said, amounted to a suggestion that Britain was already at war with Russia. “That is not the view of members of the Government,” he added.“ I think the arguments used are grossly unsound and extremely dangerous.”— (Sapa-Reuter). They’re easy on your throat...easy on your purse !Try a pack of COMMANDO to-day I In Tens, Twenties, Fifties. Plain or Cork.
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