Aircraft Recognition No. 5, Vol. III January 1945

Aircraft R e cog nit ion January ,1945 WHEN Germany is finally defeated hundreds of aero­ planes from the Mediterranean and Middle East and from Great Britain will be released for the War against Japan. Five years ago when the bombing of Germany had yet to begin the Royal Air Force was abut nucleus of its present strength. Throughout the past five years a rapidly increasing Air Force has been dropping more and heavier loads of bombs on Germany. Now a complete and powerful force will be available to bomb Japanese targets. Transport squadrons will be needed in Europe but by comparison, probably only a token Air Force will need to be retained in Europe to act as a police force. In the Far East the main campaigns will bethe reconquest of Burma and Malaya, China, the Netherlands East Indies and the islands around Australia and the War against the Japanese homeland. Conditions in the Far East will differ greatly from those on the Western Front. Bases will be farther from the targets, supply lines will be enormously extended and new maintenance and meteorological problems will be met. But although there will be new problems the foundations have been laid by the squadrons already operating in the Pacific. India, Burma and Australia will probably bethe main bases at first, but as the full might of Allied Air Power is turned on the Japs in Burma, together with the steady progress being made by the 14th Army, new and forward bases will be available in Burma, Malaya and China. Aero­dromes will bethe steppingstones to Japan. Air Transport is likely to play an even larger part in the War in the Far East than it has done in Europe. Already much excellent work has been done in the supplying of troops in forward positions by air and evacuating wounded. The recent appointment of General F. A.M. Browning, formerly Deputy C.-in-C., Allied First Airborne Army in Europe, as Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief SouthEast Asia Command, foreshadows an extensive use of airborne and parachute troops. Transports and gliders will therefore play a prominent Apart. Colossal Task But the task of moving vast Air Forces half-way across the World will be enormous. Not only aeroplanes and men but spares, maintenance equipment, bomb dumps and stores of all kinds must be transported. In November last alone, Bomber Command of the R.A.F. dropped more than 53,000 tons of bombs on Germany. For an equivalent feat against Japan a tremendous auxiliary effort in maintenance and stores will be necessary. Not immediately will the R.A.F. be able to send 1,300 bombers over Japan in one night. SPITFIRE YORK MOSQUITO 100
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