World War 1914 - 1918 A Pictured History part 23

A heavy motor tractor is needed to pull this load of heavy shells up to the big gun emplacements. These monsters are destined for the heavy howitzers, which fired shells vary in gin weight from about 300 to upwards o f 1,500 pounds MONSTER MUNITIONS ‘Canad ian Records *waterworks, but he achieved no results of any value. Counter-raids by British forces were equally abortive, and it became clear that without a period of preparation little could be done. The Germans still held Taveta and Vanga, but that was the extent of their gains. On the other hand, Britain had secured the control of the sea, and the only German warship in African waters was out of action. On the great lakes 'conditions were about equal, the Ger­mans having secured control of Tan­ganyika and the British of lakes Nyasa and Victoria Meanwhile, further reinforcements were on their way from India. They consisted of 6,000 Indian troops and the 2nd battalion Loyal North Lan­cashire regiment, under the command of Major -General COOKS IN SKINS This scene of culinary activity near Beaum ont-H elam was typical of the areas near the front line, where cooking arrangements were necessarily somewhat primitive. Three of the soldiers seen here are wearing the sheepskin jerkins issued to the troops in winter I’lio to :Imp e rial War Muse u mA.E. Aitken, and in anticipation of their arrival an offensive on a large scale was planned. It was pro­posed that the troops from Mombasa, under General Stewart, should make a demonstration against Taveta and sweep round north of Kilimanjaro by Mount Longido and attack the western end of the Usambara railway, while the troops from India should be directed straight at Tanga. The transports conveying General Aitken’s reinforcements arrived off Tanga on November it. Unfortunately the element of surprise which would have done so much to ensure success was lacking, for the Germans had captured some Indian mails and learned of the British plans. Lettow-Vorbeck gave orders to the German commis­sioner to defend the port at any cost. Preparations were hastily made to meet the attack, but they were not com­plete when the British transports appeared off the shore and demanded the surrender of the German garrison. Auracher, the German commissioner, asked for time to obtain instructions from his superiors, and the request was granted. Lettow-Vorbeck used the time to hurry down reinforcements by rail, and when in the evening the British troops were landed at Ras Kasone, the Germans w r ere fully prepared. The country between Ras Kasone and Tanga was practically all jungle, and through this the British had to force their way. Unable to make any important advance, they retired, but the next 625 z
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