The Second Great War No. 62

THE SECOND GREAT WAR Editors :Sir John Hammerton # Maj.-Gen. Sir Charles G w /nn, K.C.B., D.S.O. Associate Editor :J.R. Fawcett Thompson LITERARY Chapter (Co/itd.) Political Trends in the Near and July-December 1942246 Middle East 247248249 Once again it becomes necessary to turn the spotlight of our survey on the countries of the British Empire, and we are glad that with this Number we arrive at a stage in the un­folding dram a o f The Second Great War wherein two chapters—247 and 248— it is possible to deal, respectively, with the mounting contributions of the Dominions and the Colonies as a whole. It was as far back as Number 53, published in June 1943, that we last recorded the situation in Australia. Two months later we surveyed the other Dominion war scenes and in October— Chapters 228 and 229— we described the mani­fold war activities of West Africa, Malta, Gibraltar and Cyprus. It is not that no mo­mentous undertakings were afoot in the various territories which com­prise the British Common­wealth of Nations during the intervening publica­tion months :it is that a global war presents many facets of importance and interest which must be incorporated in a contem­porary History such as this so as best to furnish a comprehensive picture of the whole. /~\ur survey of the growing war might of the ^Colonies, taken up to the end of 1942, appears at a particularly opportune moment. These days the Colonial Empire is unusually “in the news,” largely owing to Col. Oliver Stanley’s vigour since his appointment to the Colonial Secretaryship in November 1942. A belated but nonetheless most welcome publicity campaign has been launched to make the people of Great Britain vividly aware of their 60,000,000 fellows of the Commonwealth, living in over 50 territories covering 14,000,000 square miles of the earth’s surface. Col. Stanley, in an address to the Oxford Conservative Association on March 5,1943, showed vision in this field of popular education. “During the war we have got to rely on the ordinary methods of publicity,” he admitted, listing them —“the speech, the written word, the wireless, the film. But I look forward to a time after the war when, with improved communica­tions which air transport will give us, it will be possible for large numbers of people in this country, particularly those re­sponsible for forming opinion —teachers, social workers, etc.— to visit the Colonies for themselves, to see what things really are, and to comeback with a knowledge which they can spread aro u n d.”In Chapter 248 we may read of our co-partner­ ship with the Colonies in war the Colonial Secre­tary suggestion’s is a constructive one for the continuance of that comradeship in peace. 'The lighting in Papua during the autumn and winter of 1942, as described by Miss L.E. Cheesman in Chapter 249, we believe to bethe most comprehensive yet CON TENTS OF THIS NUMBER Page Growing War Effort of the Dominions: july-December 1942 How the Colonies Helped Britain at War: September 1939-Deeember 1942 Allied Operations in New Guinea, 1942 Diary o f the War :Sept. and Oct., 194224392441245324632474 =}iiiiin mi iiiiiiiiiiiiiiu mu iii iiiiii linn iiiiii iiiiiiiiiiu i illinium i iiiiiiiie |SAVE EVERY SCRAP OF PAPER§ E Please read the injunction at the bottom E =before you read any further. But please do notE =let the words "in clean condition *’prevent you E E =from preserving even soiled paper. There- E = pulpers will deal with the stains, though it is E =better to save them the trouble. Every scrap of E =paper, clean or otherwise, can be put to good E =use by them. Please do your part—supply themE =with the raw material E Save your used paper and cardboard and hand it, in clean condition, to your local collector. concise account of this complicated campaign so far published. Almost microscopic in area when contrasted with the vast field of operations in Africa-Italy or on the Russian front, the New Guinea cam­paign was yet one of the most vital of all. For on its superb achievement rests A ustralia’s terri­torial integrity today. Fought in regions with which few white men were really familiar, under conditions of incredible hardship, little that was coherent of the campaign­ing filtered through at the time even from the competent war correspondents who shared the rigours of jungle, swamp and alpine mountain with the Allied troops. As we write, the Allies have completed the occupation of the Huon Peninsula :they are now only 50 miles fromM adang, the great Japanese base some 150 miles to the north-west of the area described in Miss Cheesm an’s narrative. It was on January 25,1942, that the Japanese landed at Lae, the capital of New Guinea. It was on Sep­tember 12,1942, that their advance was checked, and the counter-offensive began. Than these dates nothing could more.vividly illustrate the difficulties facing the Allied troops in this region. Miss Cheesman has been able to draw heron unique and long-standing personal knowledge of this bewildering terrain, on a copious accumulation of new material, and the military advice of the Australian authorities, to present our readers with an accurate, lucid and pic­turesque narrative of this arduous and fateful campaign. Its companion inoffensive the South-west Pacific—the American assault on G uadal­ canal— will be comparably dealt within Number 63. Xo. 63 of THE SECOND GREAT WAR. our next issue will be ready on Friday, April 14.1944
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