The Second Great War No. 59

THE SECOND GREAT WARE d ito rs: Sir John Hammerton # Maj.-Gen. Sir Charles Gwynn, K.C.B., D.S.O. Associate Editor: J.R. Fawcett Thompson Assistant Editors: J. St. Denys Reed A. BeU The editorial plan brings to this Number Chapters upon Germany ’s satellites and another on the western neutrals, continuing the story of events up to the end of 1942. Since that date things have moved so swiftly that Nemesis has overtaken some of the would-be heroic figures that strutted and postured, declaimed and ranted on the European stage. Mussolini, deserted by the son-in-law whose for­tune he had made, has gone into limbo and become a nonentity— to him, perhaps, the worst conceivable punishment that same son-in-law, Count Ciano, became a fugitive detested alike by his former Fascist friends and by free Italians, and saw his ill-gotten gains confiscated. IZ gin Boris died in mysterious circumstances a few days after returning from a visit to Hitler, but his Premier, FilolT, trimmed his sails so cunningly to the Axis winds that he remained in power and even became joint-Regent of the un­happy land of Bulgaria. In Rumania, Antonescu kept his seat, though on tenterhooks the whole time lest the Germans should bring back the Iron Guard leader Horia Sima (seethe photograph in page 2341) to replace him. iL lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll!^ Readers of The Second Great War who have difficulty in obtaining regular copies are advised to place an order with their newsagent immediately. his ten years (1921-31) of premiership Bethlen had done much for Hungary— stabilizing finance, negotiating favourable treaties and building up anew edifice of State. He resigned as a result of the economic crisis of 1929-31, which brought down leaders in many other countries during those bleak years. His re-entry into the arena in 1943 was a significant portent. T t is a rehel to -turn¦* this scene to consider the from =western neutrals, dealt within Chapter 237. Switzer­land, Sweden, Portugal, Spain, and Eire all had difficult problems which they met in diverse ways. But the situation eased somewhat as the Axis powers were constrained by events to sub­stitute a more moderate diplomacy for what The Times aptly termed the flashy successes of Ribbentrop. 2352362327233423382339238239 'T’hen, too, there was the A Hungarian imbroglio late in the autumn of 1943 Antonescu admitted to a foreign pressman that his attempts to live in good neighbourly relations with Hungary had failed owing to the situation in North Transylvania, where one-and-a-half million Rumanians were living “under a terrible regime of oppression.” In Hungary, as in Bulgaria and Rumania, the ebbing tide of Axis fortunes faced even the most adroit statesmen with a di­lemma, and a former Premier, Count Bethlen, was reported to be making approaches to Germ any’s enemies, in an endeavour to stave olT the ex­pected attack by American and British bombers upon military objectives in Hungary. During LITERARY CONTENTS OF THIS NUMBER Chapter Page 234 Home Front in Italy, July 1941 to Dec­ember 1942 Finland as an Axis Satellite Historic Documents, Nos. 251-255 War Declared Upon Axis Satellites Hungary, Rumania and Bulgaria, July 1941 to December 1942 Colour Section :Portrait o f General the Hon. Sir H.R. L.G. Alexander, G .C.B. Fleet Air Arm in Training War Posters o f the United Nations between 2342-3237 Neutral Europe :Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal, Spain and Eire 2345 Record and Review of Main Events, January to June, 19422351 Home Front in Britain, Julv to December, 19422358 /'"MlAPTER 238^ R e vie w ^minim i minim i m u nun iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii i illin iu m m u iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiu -|SAVE EVERY SCRAP OF PAPER 1 Much paper is wasted in kindling fires only =material which appears quite unsuitable for salvage should be used for such purposes, and only the smallest amount should go into the grate. Cover it lightly with dry wood chopped thin and small, and finish with small lumps of coal— then you can make avery little paper go along way. Save your used p ape rand card board and hand it, in clean condition ,to your lo c a*c o llec tor. is the of theW ar,on its many fronts. So much has the area widened that this chronicle is now printed in two half-yearly instal­ ments, of which the first, covering the months January to June, 1942, is included in the present Number. It is intended to serve as a guide and aide-memoire, with co- pious references to Chapters and illustra­tions though necessarily brief, it offers a consist­ent and connected narra­tive of the outstanding events of the period. our Colour Section are given up to the work of the Fleet Air Arm. Two photographs, taken on board the aircraft carrier“ Indom itable,” show the landing and servicing crews, wearing the coloured headgear and sleeves which denote the tasks they perform. Others illustrate the training of air-gunners with the towed sleeve-target. Then there is Capt. Neville Lewis’s portrait of General the Hon. Sir H.R. L.G. Alexander, when C.-in-C. Middle East,and a page of Allied war posters. The centre pages of urn ian i mfr\ \\jf No. 60 of THE SECOND GREAT WAR. our next issue, will be ready on Friday. January 14,1944
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