The Second Great War No. 53

THE SECOND GREAT WAR 1 Editors :=Sir John Hammerton # Maj.-Gen. Sir Charles Gwynn, K .C.B., D.S.O. Associate||| Editor :J.R. Fawcett Thompson Assistant Editors :J. St. Denys Reed BellA. ==War comes closer to Australia yes, it has come very close since that fateful day in jH December 1941 when the Japanese took=¦ the first instep what they intend shall bethe=| subjugation of all the Pacific and its fringing lands =to the rule of Nippon. In the war of a quarter of== a century ago Australia remained in a remote =backwater, although thousands of Australians =hurried to fight on the battlefields of Gallipoli, =Egypt and Palestine, the e=e~ Somme in France. A ==generation earlier their== fathers displayed the i= same eager gallantry in =South Africa their sons =of today have carried on =the noble tradition. On =almost every battlefield ^where the British Corn­ e l monwealth’s troops have i= been engaged, there the =jaunty hat of the Aus- = | tralian diggers has been =seen going into action. ^1> *n,*UT 1IS war» ^or t*ie =first time in history, =Australia herself is found in the zone of active =operations. Enemy bombs have fallen on Aus- H tralian soil enemy submarines have attacked HI Sydney Harbour and across the waters of the Hf Torres Strait a great enemy host has established= itself-in New Guinea and the adjacent islands to ==east and west. As Mr. Curtin, Prime Minister of =the Australian Commonwealth, put it in his =Australia Day speech a few months ago, Australia =—the oldest continent with the youngest civilization =in the world, the bulwark of civilization south of =the equator—is a land under the grim shadow of ^war. “As I speak,” he said on January 26 last, Hj “the enemy with all his strength is assailing l=ithe outer fringe of islands adjacent to the Australian =mainland. If these go, we are faced with a =struggle on our own soil with the enemy in com-= niand of all the sea approaches. The rampart of =freedom in the South Pacific would be in jeopardy.” paid it cheerfully as free people in a free cause.” ^And they will goon paying it. “Whatever the ^strain, they will endure to the end, uplifted by the ||l knowledge that they hold this sparsely populated =continent as trustees for civilization.” §=At first glance it may seem strange that it is only. =in the fourth year of this most totalitarian ^of wars that the Nazis should now be exploiting ^their woman-power to =something like its full |||extent. We maybe sure =|that this dilatoriness His not attributable to any |E nice squeamishness, to =any reluctance on their E f part to see women en-gaged on what might be regarded as unfeminine =tasks. In the Brownshirt j ||and his BlackGuard m brother there is not a m trace of chivalrous con- m cern for the “weaker sex.” All the most German of ^Germans have held that^ women’s life should be =bounded by the three K’s— Kinder, Kirche and ||j Kiiche (children, church and kitchen) and it was a German who perpetrated the favourite aphorism ^of the cub male that “woman is the recreation ^of the tired warrior.” But now German women |=are being pulled, pushed or kicked out of their j ||kitchens and nurseries into the war factories of ==the Reich. V o t long ago a Berlin radio commentator had ^some very nasty things to say to frau and ^fraulein.“ Don’t think you can dodge the call-up by|E routing out your sketching-pad and joining an !|e e art class, or taking lessons in Japanese with the|E avowed intention of becoming an interpreter years ||j hence, or practising your dancing insteps the ^hope of being sent to amuse the troops in Paris. =Nor need you expect to get a cushy job with a m gentleman friend who has never had a secretary ^before.” German women are even being told tom emulate the British women who for so long have- |j |borne their share of the burdens of war. And| i there’s the difference. What =Austral i ans ,the Prime Minister went on, num­ber but seven millions overspread three million square miles of territory. If they appeal to America and to Britain for further assist­ance they do so in the proud consciousness that they are no “helpless, inefficient moaners in the face of the enemy” abut race who “have paid the price for our seal of nationhood—^ iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii^ |SAVE EVERY SCRAP OF PAPER 1 salvage Careful and vigilant salvage has enabled something like three-quarters of a million tons of wastepaper per annum to be recovered for repulping, and this figure ought to be increased to a million tons at least, if efforts v/ere redoubled. Even so, this saving would amount to only half the tonnage needed in a normal year for the import of paper and paper-making materials from abroad. Save your used p ape rand card board and hand it in clean condition to the local collector. German women are now being compelled to do, millions of our own womenfolk of every class and occupation, and of all ages from seventeen to seventy, have been doing with a good heart ever since the War began. No. 54 of THE SECOND GREAT WAR, our next issue, will be ready on Thursday, July 15,1943 LITERARY CONTENTS OF THIS NUMBER Chapter *Page \211 War Conies Closer to Australia: After the Japanese Onslaught 2099 Historic Documents, Nos. 248-249: Epoch-M aking Treaties with Russia .am i Persia 2107212 Testiii” Time for the Home Front in the Firs! Six Months of 19422109 Colour Section :Bomb Damage at Canter­bury Britain's Production Effort Reaches Peak New Badges o f British and Allied Services between 2114-2115213 Britain’s New Tactics in Area Bombing, January to June, 21172141942 U-boat Attack Switched to the Western Atlantic 2127
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