The Second Great War No. 50

THE SECOND GKEAT WAR. Editors :Sir John Hammerton # Maj.-Gen. Sir Charles Gwynn, K .C.B., D.S.O. Associate Editor :J.R. Fawcett Thompson Assistant Editors :J. St. Denys Reed Bell:A. Which have heen the saddest days in the three years and more of theW ar—days not so much of private grief as of public sorrow ?If the investigators of the Gallup Poll or Mass Observation were to take this as the subject of their next inquiry it would almost certainly be found that the “black days ”which live in public memory are those on which the news was received of some great disaster— the capitulation of Singa­pore, for example, the sinking of the “Prince of the“ Re­ loss o f surrender Wales” and pulse,” the Tobruk, the o f Hongkong. LITERARY CON TENTS Chapter 199 Heroic Defence of Hongkong, December =2002012022038-25,1941 J Jon g k o n g’s desperate ==plight plunged the =Christmas of 1941 into H I deepening shadow. A =little garrison of British, ===Canadians, Indians, =Chinese and Hongkong =§Volunteers put up a ==spirited resistance, but =the result was a foregone =conclusion. Long before the War, indeed, it had =been recognized that this isolated outpost of the =Empire must fall an early, if not an easy, prey to =the Japanese if they decided to assail it in strength. =And so it proved. On the evening of Christmas Day =Sir Mark Young tendered the colony’s surrender. =The survivors, military and civilian, of those who =had striven so bravely to uphold the honour of the =British name, passed into captivity, although some ==became the victims of Japanese barbarity. =\Te w s o f these atrocities was given in the House=- of Commons by Mr. Eden a year ago, and =the tale evoked a wave of intense indignation =and horror but the evidence of British civilians ==since repatriated from the Orient points to the ==conclusion that the bayonetings and rapings ==were confined to the first day or two after the fall =of Hongkong. So far as maybe ascertained, the =great majority of the captured men and women =were treated as prisoners-of-war. For some =months suspicions were =aroused because of the ap-=parent unwillingness of the =Japanese authorities to grant 1= any facilities to the delegates =of the International Red H I Cross Committee, but on =January 18 last the War =Office published a telegram China and Japan in the Decade Before the Second Great War Historic Documents, Nos. 243-247 Japan Makes War Upon Britain and America Auchinleck’s Offensive and the Sidi Rezegh Battles from the Committee stating that their delegate had been allowed to visit the prisoner-of-war camps in Hongkong and had reported that accom­modation was adequate and the treatment good. Wo far, Japan has had it very much her own way, 1 at least in the land fighting but that the Rising Sun will have its setting is ascertain a fact as any in political astronom y.Our fault is having underestimated Japan. But the Japanese just as surely underestimated China. Poorly equipped, ill-supplied by their allies (because of difficulties of geography), the Chinese have since 1937 put up a fight against the invader to which no adjectives can do justice. O F THIS NUMBER Page 1987199219971998 Six Months of Intrigue and Vacillation in Unhappy France Record and Review of Main Events, January to December, 194120142018 What is to be China's part in the peace settle­ment ?In a speech at New York on January 22, Mrs. Wellington Koo, wife of the Chinese Ambassador in London, urged that the terms imposed on Japan after final victory should include the evacuation by the Japanese of all Chinese territory the restoration of Korean independence demobilization of the Japanese Army and the surrender of the Japanese Navy to •theJLLS.A., prior to transfer to China reparations for devastation wrought and the surrender of the Japanese Merchant Marine. jJM IIIIIIIIIIIIIU IIIIIIIIIIIIM IIIIIillllM llllM lllillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllj!: I SAVE EVERY SCRAP OF PAPER 1 So small is the amount of paper released for making books and periodicals that none should be destroyed .Clean paper can be rep u lp ed ,and thus comes again into service. Any paper too soiled for this purpose should be reserved for lighting domestic fires. S ep a rate the sheets and then crumple up into loose balls they will go farther this way and the fire will start more quickly. Hand your wastepaper and cardboard to the local collector for repu lp ln g .^lt h o u g hit is a matter of little more than a year ago, it seems afar cry back to the Auchinleck inoffensive Libya. Those who read the account in these pages may like to know that an official publication has the same theme. This is “They Sought Out Rommel ”(published by H.M .Stationery Office at 6d.), a diary of the Libyan Campaign from Nov. 16-Dec. 31,1941, kept by Capt. Sean -Fielding of the Green Howards, a Public Relations Officer, whose job it was to conduct a party of newspaper corre­spondents into battle. It was published, ironically enough, at a time when the tables had been turned and it was Rommel who was doing the seeking out. Now, how­ever, that wily antagonist, if not quite Min ontgom ery’s bag, is well back in Tunisia. No. 51 of THE SECOND GREAT WAR, our next issue, will be ready on Thursday, April 15,1943
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