The Second Great War No. 43

THE SECOND GREAT WAR Editors :Sir John Hammerton # Maj.-Gen. Sir Charles Gw ynn, K .C.B .S.O.,D .Associate Editors .G:S. Biaxland Stubbs, M.B.E. (Literary) :J.R. Fawcett Thompson (Illustrations) Assistant Editors :J. St. Denys Reed A. Beli o^nce again we are able, according to the announcements that have been made in this page in earlier issues, to present a special section of plates printed in full colours. Possibly the only war publication of this nature with the facilities to give such illustrations of historical importance, illustrations whose value is very greatly increased by being printed in full na­tural colours, the Editors and Publishers of The Second Great W a rare, not without excuse, reasonably proud of these presentations in the alternate monthly issues. They not only preserve for us, who live through these catastrophic times, records of things that, having seen, we might for­get, but in years to come they will also provide material for historian and reader which will hardly otherwise be available. LITERARY CON TENTS O F THIS NUMBER Chapter Page 169 (Conic/.) Review of the Home Front, January —June, 19411719170 Empire’s Aid to Britain Approaches its Full Flood 1725171 A Year of Stress in India :The War EITort During 19411732 Historic Documents —America Upholds the Standard o f Demo­cracy— Roosevelt's Stirring Call to the Americas 17217451736, War Draws Nearer the United States—First Half of 19411737 Diary o f the War,M ay-June 19411746173 The Sea Affair: The Rattle of the North Sea, 19411747 sir oft the colour plates shows the wing and fuselage markings of ’planes of the United Nations and the Axis, and is a picture document. It maybe noticed in passing that Nazi Germany alone, among the 13 countries represented, despises the use of colour and adopts an appropriately sinister black. In the middle section very fine actual colour photographs of Hurricanes and Wellingtons in (light display well the value of camouflage. It is easy to see from these reproductions of a Koda-chrome film, taken, of course, from another machine inflight, how, at any considerable height, such machines would mingle with the colours of the countryside and be difficult to detect from above. The last of the four pages is also documentary, giving 12 posters in colour which, though some of them maybe almost commonplace today, will only be found, if at all, on dusty files in Government Departments avery few years after the war. Our readers may look forward sjjiiiuiiiiihiiiiiihiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiihiiiu: with assurance to very valu- |WHAT are YOU DOING ITO able colour sections oi this =nature in later numbers o f Thee Second Great War.e SAVE PAPER ?Even now, after months of appeal and propa­ganda, much paper is being wasted. Many hundreds of tons have been salvaged but there E is still a lot going the wrong way. It is calcu- ___ ,,VI .Elated that for every half sheet saved by the HE chapters in the Number =population of Britain a merchant ship is re- nnw in thr» rpirlpr’c 1-m nrlc =leased for more important war supplies. now in me leaders lianas E D on,t uje n e wen v e ,opes _ writ c ,ct t e r son the range Widely from our own E backs of old ones—use bogs till they burst—keep i .|••,.•=your newspaper clean and folded —don’ t throw ShoreS to India and Ameiica. =bus tickets away —preserve every scrap dry and E clean for collection. First we complete from No. 42 the record of activities on the Home Front during the first half of 1941. It was then that many cities and towns of Britain were devastated by the fire and high explosive of the Luftwaffe, although it was never truer to say that, whereas buildings might crack and crumble, the morale of the British people was bomb-proof. The two following chapters consider, necessarily with some briefness, the war efforts of the Dominions, Colonies and India during the same period. Writing with a de­tachment that the interval of time provides, and with a knowledge of later develop­ments, the author of the chapter on India is able to sum up this difficult period fairly and reasonably. ROOSEVELTS pledges to .democracy, and the increasingly active part played by the United States of America as our non­belligerent but very real friend, make a grateful sub­ject for chapter 172. In this time there was completed what history will probably describe as one of the most vital documents in the fight for freedom which the whole chequered history of the world has seen since tyrants first arose in ancient times. The Lease- Lend Act, pressed triumphantly through Congress and Senate despite Isolationist opposition, surely merits that description, and here the reader will find the whole story clearly presented. Looking back on those days, when the President was soon to be driven to declare a state of National Emergency, and with our knowledge of the deliberate preparations of Japanese aggression, it is difficult to understand why such a course should have aroused the opposition that it did. That difficulty is a measure of the difference between history as it is lived from day today and as it is written in proper time after the event. Last in the Number is a chapter, continued into Number 44, which tells the story of the Sea Affair, in­cluding not only the part played by American patrols in the Atlantic and the sad losses in Greek waters, but the great North Sea battle of May, \94\, when the “Bismarck ”was hunted down and the loss of the “Hood ”avenged. No. 44 of THE SECOND GREAT WAR, our next issue, will be ready on Tuesday September 15
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