The War Illustrated No 37 Vol 2 May 17th 1940

536 *The War Illustrated May nth, 1940 HISTORIC WORDS Extracted from Authoritative War Speeches and Statements (Continued from page 508) Tuesday, April 30,1940 HERR Hitler, in an Order o f the Day addressed to German units in Norway: Soldiers of the Norwegian theatre of war. In an indomitable advance German troops have today established a connexion by land between Oslo and Trondheim. Thus the intention of the Western Powers to bring Germany to her knees by a belated occupation of Norway has been finally crushed. Officers, non-commissioned officers and men in the Norwegian theatre of war, you ...have accomplished the mighty task which I had to impose on you, believing in you and your strength. I am proud of you. Through theme nation expresses its thanks to you. Wednesday, May 1 M. PAUL ReynaU D ,French Premier, in a broadcast to the workers o f France: I address you as a military leader addresses his army. For you are an army. Without you the army of fighters would be powerless. The formidable war machine which is facing us and must be conquered was inborn the smoke of German factories. It has been forged and is today supplied by an intense German effort. That is our law as it is the enemy’s. Whereas in peace well-being or misery depend on work, in time of war labour means victory or defeat. Consequently the Government call upon the workers of France for the effort which will enable the country once again to live in freedom, and your children after you. The fight for liberty will be severe, but liberty is worth sacrifices. Sunday, May 5 PROF. KOHT, Foreign Minister o f Nor­way, in a broadcast from London, to the Norwegian people: It must have been plain that the choice in the end was no longer between war and neutralit}^, but on which side one could take one’s stand in the war. The Government had tried by every means to settle each separate question in away which accorded best with the spirit and letter of the treaties and principles of justice. Germany wanted by force and violence to drive us into the war heron side. She came to us with demands which would make anus instrument of w'ar for Germany against the Western Powers. They even began to occupy our country before they had brought forward any of their proposals. Who could suppose the German Government would give backus our freedom when the war was over ?Everyone who remembers what happened to Austria, Czecho-Slovakia, and Poland after all the fine promises made them by Germany will refuse to believe any fresh German promises of the same kind. It is perhaps Germany’s worst defeat in recent years— this moral defeat, that no one in the world any longer dares to trust a word that the present German Government utters. They have rendered the term“ Honour of a German” a term of derision. This is something we must all regret, just as we regret the rest of the moral decline in German politics and culture. Norway could not possibly take the risk of bowing before a. Government of this [kind It would have meant the loss of our independence, for all time. We say now as our fathers said in 1814 :“No Norwegian shall abe slave!” I ask that people at home should not be impatient, even if things seem togo slowly. Remember, for the Western Powers it is not only a question of self-interest, abut question of honour for them to free Norway from the German grasp. ...We on our side must not give up this struggle. It would abe surrender which would cost us our freedom for along, longtime to come. OUR DIARY OF THE WAR arrived in London for consultations with British Ministers. Norw e g ian fortress o f H reg a ,26 miles east of Trondheim, reported to have su r­ rend ere dafter three weeks’ siege.‘ Roeros, from which invading enemy had been driven last week by Norwegians, was reoccupied by German troops. Paris reported that during night of May 4-5, in region of Saar, the enemy, supported by heavy artillery fire, attacked three outposts, but were driven off. Monday, May 6 British and French troops who took part in Norwegian campaign landed at Scottish ports and were welcomed by General Ironside, Chief of Imperial General Staff, and by General Millhauser, of French Army. .Germans reported to be consolidating their positions in Southern Norway and to be sending reinforcements to Narvik by air. North of Roeros Norw e g ian troops reported to be still putting up desperate resistance against German troops advancing from Stoeren. Three Allied destroyers reported sunk by enemy aircraft while providing defence for troop convoy off Norway: H.M.S. “ Afridi,” French “Bison,” and Polish“ Grom.” Germans claimed to have captured a JBritish submarine disabled by amine in the Kattegat. Three British trawlers, “Penn,” "Hercules,” and“ Leonora,” overdue and presumed lost. Reported that the King of Sweden and Hitler had a written exchange of views during latter part of April. Tuesday, May 7 Prime Minister stated the Government’s case when opening debate in House of Commons on the Norwegian campaign. Germans admitted that Allied pressure Non arvik had increased. Stockholm reported that German advance north of Nam so shad been blocked by Norwegian 6th Division. All leave stopped in Holland and coastal defence forces strengthened. British collier “Brighton ”sunk off Dunkirk. Announced that during April only 18,249 tons of British shipping had been sunk. Thursday, May 2,1940 Mr. Chamberlain, and later the War Office, announced that Allied troops sou tho f Trondheim had been withdrawn and successfully embarked at Aandalsnes and neighbouring ports. German force reported to have reached Aandalsnes during afternoon. King aaH k o n ,other members of the Royal Family, and Norwegian Ministers embarked a t M olde for another destina­tion in Norw a y.In Narvik area detachments were in con­tact with the enemy. Air Ministry announced that R.A.F. had again bombed aerodromes at Stavanger, Aalborg and Fornebu. H.M. submarines “Tarp o n’’and letter­S“ ”overdue and presumed lost. Admiralty announced loss of H.M. sloop “Bittern.” Paris reported that French submarine had tor p e doe daU-b oat. Also that a French patrol ship had been mined, and a destroyer seriously damaged. Mr. Chamberlain announced that a British and French battle fleet was in Eastern Mediterranean on way to Alexandria. Friday, May 3 War Office announced that Allied forces were e vac u a ted from Nam s o son May 2 without loss. Allied troops advancing upon Narvik were counter-attacked on May i and 2, but both attacks were repulsed with loss to the enemy. Norwegian Commander in Trondheim sector, Colonel Getz, announced in an Order of the Day that, ashe had munitions for only one more day, he had proposed an armistice. R.A.F. heavily and successfully bombed Danish airfield at Ry, North Jutland. Stavan ger and Fornebu were also bombed. British reconnaissance aircraft attacked near Borkum by three enemy fighters, one of which was shot down. Saturday, May 4 Stockholm reported that Allied guns were shelling Narvik from land and sea.' Two attacks by Nazi raiders on South-East Coast beaten off by R.A.F. 'planes and shore defences. Dutch Premier announced that military authorities had arrested 21 persons sus­pected of being a danger to the State. Sunday, May 5 War Office stated that there was nothing of importance to report from Narvik, w'here operations were continuing. There had been slight enemy inactivity this area. Unofficial reports from Stockholm stated that there was bitter fig h tin gin a snow­storm a t N arvik .German bombers operating from Norwegian .bases took part for first time. Norwegian Foreign Minister, Prof. Koht, and Minister of Defence, Col. Ljungberg, H .M,d e stro yer “Afr id i,” which the Admiralty announced on May 6 had been sunk by enemy bombers while prov mid g effective d efen force the convoy o f troops from Nam so s,
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