The War Illustrated No 35 Vol 2 May 3rd 1940

The War Illustrated May 3rd, 19-10 f e tint q A pio-rn Y tly W tAx time'D ia'iy. The Editor, anxious that his readers should remain in no doubt of the gravity of the present paper shortage, fully ex­plains in this page the situation as it affects The War Il lust rated and its subscribers. In your own interest he hopes you will read these notes with care.Y U ’HEN the Blond Beast of Berlin sneaked'' into Bergen, he played areal nasty trick on all of us for whose paperwork is an essential. For Bergen is Norway’s chief port whence the pulpwood used for paper-making is shipped to Britain. A vital matter for all writers, readers, and publishers. Something over 80 percent of the paper made in British mills first comes through Bergen as pulp. Think, then, what it means to have this source of supply even temporarily blocked. It presents us with a problem which will give rise to many a headache in its solving. ?Let me give some details. When the War started there were ample supplies of paper, and it cost publishers just over £12 per ton. The ruthless U-boat campaign, directed as viciously against neutral Norway as against British shipping, made the convoy system imperative, which in turn slowed down all maritime transport, greatly increasing the cost of pulpwood by the time it was discharged at our home ports. Then the ever-growing demand for ships to carry Britain’s war materials from U.S.A. and Canada quickly made the-cost of the considerable Canadian and Newfoundland pulp supplies uneconomic, if not inaccessible. ?Government control of paper was im­perative and, though instituted under con­ditions which did not give an equally fair deal to all publishers according to their needs and resources, the Paper Pool has at least prevented much of the profiteering that occurred in the last War, during which Bergen contrived to maintain a large volume of its wood-pulp trade. Even so the lowest price of paper (“newsprint” )today, under the control,' is £2110s. per ?Button. this high cost is not the main trouble :indeed it is the lesser part of the problem. The stoppage of the Bergen supply has necessitated an official restriction in the use of paper which comes near to being the last straw that might yet break the back of the British publisher— patient and melancholy camel that he must prove in times like these. Here is how the supplies of his most essential commodity have been cut down :(1) In February consumption was restricted to 60 per'cent for March, April, May (2) on April 13 a further retrospective restriction of 30 percent was decreed (3) since the war in Norway and the closing of Bergen we are likely to be limited to a total of 20 percent of the standard consumption !?The fact that the Amalgamated Press possessed immense quantities of pulp in its mills when the War came upon us was of no avail :individual enterprise and prevision meant nothing from the moment the Paper Pool got to work, and the splendid resources of the publishers of “The War Illustrated ”are at the services of its rivals—the foolish virgins are doing quite as well, thank you, as the wise ones 1 doNor we hear any serious grumbling :it is a war measure and must be accepted in the spirit that eventually wins wars. ?Now, to restrict the use of paper for “The War Illustrated ”to one-fifth of the amount which my publishers used for each of our early numbers would be manifestly impossible if we were to continue to give the same value and provide the same service to our subscribers. B THEY EDITOR It is nearly four months since the publishers restricted newsagents to a maximum of 5 percent “returns,” and subscribers were urged to give firm orders to their newsagents. And now, not only must even that 5 percent be withheld, but the weekly supply to the newsagents must be strictly rationed. So my reader can take it from me that nothing else than a definite order to his newsagent will get him a regular copy of “The War Illustrated. ’’minimum IN THIS NUMBER minimum Page Stavanger Bombed Again by R.A.F. 449 British Arms in Norway 450-54 Diplomats in the Front inLine Norway 455 Debits &Credits of Scandinavian War 456 Denmark—Only a Year after Hitler’s G u ara teen 457 Famous Regiments at the Front 458-59 The Dover Patrol 460-61 Our Submarines Were Busy Off Norway 462-63 Heroic Story of the Battles of Narvik 464-66 Recruits for the AMPS467 Words that History will Remember 468 Mr. Briton’ll See It Through 469 Training Marksmen of the R.A.F. 470 Bomb Aimer of a Fairey “Battle ”471 On the Fringes of War :Yugoslavia 472-73 Sweden Under the Swastika Shadow 474 How to Recognize British Aeroplanes 476“ I Was There” Section 477-79 Diary of the War 480 iiiiimiimiiiiiiiiiiiimiimiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiimiiimiiiiiiit ?Moreover, there is the certainty that sheer bulk must also suffer. Though that I regard as a relatively minor matter. Mere bulk has never been a true criterion of value if anything the reverse. It’s a vulgar American idea that a novel as thick as Kelly’s London Directory is an ideal hunk of reading matter. Compared with “Gone with the Wind ”“The Vicar of Wakefield ’’bulks moreno than a Yarmouth trawler against the Queen Elizabeth, but the “Vicar ”will still be quietly enduring while the other has indeed “gone with the wind.” ?In every form of art, the real art is to leave out, to do without, and the same is true of editing periodicals. Merely to bung your pages full of large pictures, to give a dozen un­selected photos illustrating and re-illustrating the same thing with spendthrift abuse of space is also an American innovation which has recent.y had a transient popularity on this side. Well, sometimes a virtue that has arisen from necessity remains a virtue, and I look to the approaching paper famine improving many publications by demanding a more selective taste in editors, abetter use of re­stricted space. There must be economy in evety printed thing, and so far as “The War Illustrated ”is concerned the one thing I can guarantee my readers is that, whatever economies are forced upon us by the inexorable need of the day, the interests of my readers shall be my first and final aim. ?In saying this I am mindful that many scores of thousands have already bound up their first volume, and my publishers will utilize to the utmost their great resources to ensure that the standard of the production will not suffer, so that, be it one or five years before we print our final weekly number, the series will be perfected and all who treasure it will have no cause for disappointment. I would add further— and this astonished me today when I verified it— that the present number actually contains eight pages more than the weekly issue of “The War Illus­trated ”in 1917 published at the same price. Whatever retrenchment is forced upon us 1 hope that we shall never have to reduce beyond that 1917 average. 1^0 one has been more considerate than I ~in his criticism of our Ministry of Information. For I know something of their trouble with red-taped (no, not tabbed) Service departments. The M.O.I. must take the blame. I takeoff my hat to Dr. Goebbels. He maybe a liar and a knave and an incarnation of all things bestial, but he knows his business better than any of the folk that have got into cushy jobs at his opposite number in London. I can get dozens of photos of what the Huns are doing in Norway, but not a single one of what we are doing. Two weeks Iago pub­lished a photo showing some German soldiers about to debark from a Nazi transport at Oslo. It had been telegraphed to New York, and then re-telegraphed to London (at a cost of 60 guineas, incidentally), and I had to pay a modest special fee for its use in “The War Illustrated.” ?Pity there isn’t enough skill at our Ministry of Information to provide the British public •with ocular evidence of what our Navy, Army, and Air Force are doing in Norway at a time when everybody is hungering for proof of our achievement. And— mark my words— there will be no end of knighthoods, C.B.E.s and the like ladled out to the gentlemen who are in charge of our sources of “Information ”later on— with a few peerages thrown in for those who have started someway up the scale. ?Apropos of this: I have on my desk at this moment no fewer than ten letters from different officials, including Admirals, a Major- General, one peer, and highly paid commoners, each referring tome somebody else about an effort I made months ago to get the most brilliant marine photographer in England sent at my expense to photograph episodes of the sea war for “The War Illustrated.” Nothing doing !In one respect we have already and irretrievably lost the War bureaucrats are in the saddle. They will be therefor another generation or two. [Since writing this some passable photos of the infighting Norway have actually been released for the public to look upon after official eyes must have grown tired of seeing them.] HTO my mind one of the most deplorable results of the tyrannical State control of public information in the Totalitarian countries is the prostitution of the press. In Germany, Italy, and Russia the journalist has ceased to abe person of independent mind exercisin] his craft as an intelligent teacher and critic for the cultural progress of his country. A mere minion of the Dictatorship, he is use<| as a channel for disseminating the mostf manifest lies concerning those States i which ideals of freedom still obtain and respect for the truth has not been allowed to perish. It is an even worse crime against humanity thus to have crushed the souls of peoples than to have battered down their homes and maimed them with high explosives. ?Newspaper readers in Britain, France, and most of the neutral countries of the world are still able to learn the truth about the present conflict in their own journals the truth has to compete only with Nazi misrepresentation. But in Germany, Italy, and Russia such is not the case. The truth has nowhere a hearing in their popular press, with the honourable and vitally important exception (Continue din page ill o f wrap p e r)‘S ,cs The Wab Illtjs tb ate dis sold subject to the following conditions, namel.v, that it shall not, without uie written con.-x'nt of the publishers first given, be lent, resold, hired on* or otherwise disposed of byway of Trade except at the full retail price of 3d. and that it shall not be frnt, resold, hired but or otherwise disposed of in a mutilated condition orin any unauthorised cover byway of Trade.
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