The War Illustrated No 8 Vol 1 November 4th 1939

230 The War Illustrated November 4th, 1939 The Poles Pay the Price of Defeat While the Nazi and Soviet negotiators were still haggling over the exact division o f the spoils o f the Polish campaign, their victim was writhing in the anguish of defeat and its horrible accompaniments. The negotiations for the surrender of Warsaw took place in a German military motor omnibus. General B laskow itz, the Commander of the Nazi forces, is seen above, second irom the left, dictating the terms. Right, Polish officers surrendering their arms. photos, Associated Press and estates were plundered and confis­cated. The peasants joyfully appropria­ted the acres whose harvests had hitherto gone to fill the barns of their masters. But what was perhaps the most tragic act in the Polish drama was being per­formed in Rumania, where thousands of Poles of both sexes, of all ranks and occupations, had taken refuge. They wandered about the countryside in miserable procession, ragged and half- starved. Without homes, uuable to return to their native land, nor always Hereon parade is a Nazi motorized unit in occupied Polish territory. Photo, Planet News H'itler played the role of conquer-^ing hero on October 5. He -came to Warsaw, but he did not stay instead, he hurried back to Berlin to prepare his speech for the Reichstag, in which he claimed that the Nazi conquest of Poland had been carried outwith losses which, considering what had been achieved, were a mere trifle of 44,000 killed, wounded, and missing. (It maybe remarked that, according to the“ Arbeiter Zeitung,” of Zurich, the real German losses in the campaign were 91,278 dead, 63,417 seriously wound­ed, and 84,938 slightly wounded. These figures, stated the Swiss newspaper, were based on confidential statistics drawn up by the German War Ministry. It was further reported that 190 German tanks were destroyed and 361 damaged, while the losses incurred by the German air force were 89 fighters, 216 light bombers, 107 heavy bombers, and nine observation ’planes.) Hitler did not stay long enough in Warsaw to form any real idea of the damage caused by his essay in Blitzkrieg, but those officials who were entrusted with the control of the city found them­selves faced with a problem of vast magnitude and baffling complexity. On a German estimate, 80 percent of the city was in ruins. At least 16,000 people had been killed during the siege, and many of them were still unburied. The emergency hospitals were crammed with some 80,000 wounded. The water mains had been wrecked by shellfire, and the water was infected. The social system had largely broken down, and all classes of the population were on the verge of starva­tion. The conquer­ors were compelled to provide 600,000 meals a day, and also to install a number of foun­tains of pure water. In spite of what they could do, however, typhoid and cholera had already given signs o f their dread approach. Something alike reign of terror continued in those districts where the Gestapo succeeded in establishing itself. The spy system which had been developed to such lengths in Nazi Germany was introduced with good effect into Warsaw, and large numbers of Poles, denounced as anti-German or members of Polish patriotic societies, were arrested and dispatched to concentration camps in Germany. In the capital, as in many of the provincial towns and villages, the local citizens were compulsorily enrolled in the labour corps, and forced to work in the fields and to help clear up the abominable fitter left in the w'ake of the machines of war. On the Soviet side of the line of demarcation there was a terror of another kind, in which the landowners and officers, and to some extent the priests, were subjected to persecution. Many of them were murdered, and their houses
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