The War Illustrated No 3 Vol 1 September 30th 1939

9(5 The War lUmtruted September 30th. .1939 OUR DIARY Monday, September II German attack on Warsaw checked attacking troops retired to outskirts. Polish broadcasts continued from the capital in spite of Nazi interference on the same wave­length. In the south of Poland the German advance aimed at Lwow was up.held French attacks made substantial progress on a 12-mile front east of the Saar. There were bayonet charges by the French in the sector between Merzig, 22 miles south of Trier, and the Moselle, and air raids on troop concentrations behind the Siegfried Line. It was reported that R.A.F. 'planes carried out a raid early on September 9 on the island of Sylt, site of a big German airbase, off the west coast of Schleswig-Holstein. The Polish Government moved their head­quarters to Brzesc-Litcwski (Brest-Litovsk), 115 miles cast of Warsaw. The King opened the fund of the British Red Cross and Order of St. John with a gift of .£5,000 The British Government issued, through the Ministry of Information, a declaration of policy, in which it was stated that Britain would make peace only with a German Government whose word ,could be trusted, and that therefore 110 peace was possible with Hitler. A message to India from the Iving-Emperor was read by the Viceroy to the Central Legislature in Simla. Tuesday, September 12 A meeting of the Supreme War Council was held in France, attended by Mr. Cham­berlain and Lord Chatfield for Great Britain, and M. Daladier and General Gamelin for France. The French made further progress in their advance in the region of the Saar. There was a strong reaction by the enemy, British troops received a warm welcome in France. It was reported that R.A.F. con­tingents had been stationed in France for sometime. The Poles took advantage of the pause in the German attack on Warsaw to consolidate their principal lines of defence. The main German force was upheld at Modlin, on the north bank of tho Vistula, 15 miles from the capital. Other German attacks in Poland were to the north-east, towards Bialystok, and from the south across the San River. The German High Command claimed that Polish troops trapped in the area west of the Vistula had failed to breakthrough, and that the equipment of four Polish divisions had been captured. A German submarine stopped and searched the American freighter "W acosta” off the coast of Ireland. Four more British cargo vessels were re­ported sunk by U-boats, namely," Inverliffey," •• Firby,” " Blairlogie ”and" Gartavon.” A Finnish barque,“ Olivebank,” was sunk by a drifting mine in the North Sea. It was announced that, owing to doubts about the permanence of neutrality, almost all German residents in Eire had left for Germany. Wednesday, September 13 The German High Command announced that, in order to crush civilian resistance, open towns and villages in Poland will hence­forth be bombed and shelled. Lord Halifax instated the House of Lords that if such action were taken by the Germans, the British Government would hold them­selves free "to take such action as they might deem appropriate.” According to statements issued by the Polish Embassy in London and by the American Ambassador in Poland, German aeroplanes have for sometime been bombing civilians in Poland.- OF THE WAR German advance on Warsaw still up,held but encircling movements were made round the Polish position. Attacks on Modlin and Lwow had been repulsed, but east of Warsaw Polish forces had withdrawn under heavy pressure. Paris reported that French troops had improved the whole of the positions taken in the course of the last few days. French War Cabinet was formed, with M. Daladier as Prime Minister, Foreign Minister and War Minister. Mr. Chamberlain gave Parliament a second survey of the progress of the War. It was reported from Brussels that Hitler had issued an appeal to all doctors, engineers and other technical experts, whatever their race, who had fled from Germany, to return, with the promise that fortunes confiscated from such refugees would be restored. Thursday, September 14 Germany claimed to have captured Gdynia and to be making rapid progress in the en­circling of Warsaw. Polish reinforcements were hurried to Lwow, where the enemy’s aim is to seize important oilfields and to cut communications with Rumania. The French launched anew offensive on the extreme north of the common frontier with Germany. There was also a heavy artillery duel in the region of Saarbruecken. Two British merchant ships, “Vancouver City ”and “British Influence,” sunk. The official Kremlin organ, “Pravda "attri­buted what it termed Poland's 1 1 military debacle ”mainly to her brutal oppression of her minorities, especially the Polish Ukrain­ians and the White Russians. In the House of Commons Mr. Chamberlain stated that no British Government would ever resort to deliberate attacks on women and children for the mere purpose of terrorism. Lord Halifax announced in the House of Lords that the British Government had received a notification from the German Government that it would for the duration of the War observe the Geneva protocol prohibiting the use of poison gas and bacter­iological methods of warfare. Friday, September IS A Polish communique* declared that an attack on Lwow by German motorised forces had been repull d. German troops crossed the frontier from East Prussia near Suvalki. The Germans claimed to have surrounded Warsaw also to have occupied most of the Polish oilfields. •Poland stated that Germany had begun a ruthless campaign of bombing open towns. On the Western Front a strong French force reached the outposts of the Siegfried Line It was reported that the situation in 'Palestine had markedly improved since the outbreak of war, and that Jews and Arabs were co-operating against the common danger. The Australian Cabinet decided to raise immediately an initial volunteer force of 20.000 for service in Australia or overseas. The Ministry of Information announced that vast seizures of goods intended for Germany, including 28,000 tons of petroleum, had been made by the British Contraband Control. Saturday, September 16 Germany claimed to have captured Przemysl and Bialystok. The struggle for Warsaw and Brest-Litovsk continued. French troops advanced still farther on the 40-mile front from Luxemburg frontier to 12 miles east of Saarbruecken. A Soviet-Japanese armistice 011 the Man- chukuo-Mongolia frontier was arranged in Moscow. Four vessels—" Fan ad Head,”" Davara,” "Rudy ard Kipling ”and "Cheyenne”— sunk by U-boats. The Belgian steamer "Alex van Opstal ”was sunk near Wey­ mouth by either a submarine or amine dropped by an enemy minelayer. Sunday, September 17 Soviet troops invaded Poland without warning along the whole length of the frontier, ostensibly to protect the population of Western Ukraine and Western White Russia. A Note to this effect was handed to the Polish Ambassador in Moscow, and copies of the Note to the representatives of all States with which Russia maintains diplo­matic relations. A broadcast later from Moscow repeated this declaration of “pro­tection,” and added that the invasion of Poland would open anew rra.l for the world-wide triumph of the Communist creed. The Polish front collapsed under crushing German attacks. Germany claimed to have taken Brest-Litovsk. The Polish Govern­ment was stated to have removed to Kuty, near the Rumanian frontier some members of it crossed into Rumania. Germany presented terms for the sur­render of Warsaw. German attaclcs 011 the Western frontier were repulsed with loss. The French High Command recorded the arrival of large German reinforcements from Poland. OUR WAR Brzesc-Litcwski (Bjest-Litev-ski). Town r.on Bug, 100 miles E. of Warsaw pop. 50,000. Known also as Brest-Litovsk, this name was given to treaty signed here, March3,1918. between Germany and Russia. Bug (Boog). Polish river. Rises near Lwow in S.E.. passes through Brzo.sc- Litewski. and joins Vistula 21 miles below Warsaw of great strategic importance in defence of that city. 440 miles long. Bydgoszcz (Bid-c/oshts). The former German Bromberg. Polish city and trade centre on mainlines of communication, at. gateway to Corridor :pop. 137,000. Lodz (Wodj). Poland's second city, 73 miles S.W. of Warsaw: growth due to textile industry severely damaged in Great War: pop. 065,000. Lwow [Lvov). Polish city, tho German Lemberg (former capital of Austrian Silesia). The commercial centre of theS.E. held by Russians, 1914-15 pop. to­day, 318,000. GAZETTEER Narcw (Xarev). Polish river, part of the natural defence system of the country rises in the N.E. and flows 200 miles to join the Bug 18 miles N. of Warsaw. Neunkirchen (Xoi/n-kirch-en). Town in the Saarland. Germany, immediately N.E. of Saarbruec ken great ironworks and coal trade scene of disastrous gasometer ex­plosion in February. 1933: pop. 39,000. Przemysl (Pjcmishl). Polish town 011 r. San. 00 miles \\r. of Lwow scene of continual infighting Great War when it was Austrian fortress pop. 51.000. Sylt. German fortified Island inN. Frisian group, lying immediately off W. cud of Danish frontier connected to mainland by Hindenburg Dam 39 sq. m. Vistula. (German WeichselJ. Poland’s greatest river. I’isos in extreme S.W. of country flows 030 miles N. through Krakow, Warsaw, Plock, Torun enters Baltic at Danzig.
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