Union Jack No 132 June 2nd 1944

LEADER PAGE June 2,1944 UNION JACK Eastern Italy Edition Another million ALREADY German in-**dustry is over-depend­ent upon foreign labour. Now the French Committee of National Liberation has received a report from France stating that Laval and the Nazi Labour Minis­ter, Sauckel, have reached agreement whereby another million French workers will be despatched to the Reich as soon as possible. Such are the straits in which Germany finds her­self. She needs her men for fighting. She needs foreign workers to clear the rubble of her cities and to rebuild the factories that our air offensive has destroyed. Manpower is rme of her chief worries. Her armies j are heavily engaged m Italy. She must garrison the occupied territories and even her satellite nations. She must keep Tito in check. Above all, she must keep sufficient troops in the East to withstand the ex­pected Soviet attack and, at the same time, maintain sufficient reserves to cope with the invasion from the West. With the alternative of starvation or reprisals against their families, Ger­many will get the foreign workers she needs. They won’t be as good as German workers, but they will work so long as Germany domin­ates Europe. But what will happen when the strain of fighting on three major land fronts begins to tell? In the hour of her need will forced labour, resentful and hate- filled, work to save theRe u-h? J i LiutU .'Germany will realise that'she has injected into her system a fifth-column virus that will take full advantage of chaos. Passing the buck A/OT all German women are doing their bit in national service for the Fatherland, complains a Nazi Gauleiter, Herr Holz. Anew check-up on back­ward ”volunteers” is an­nounced. Nazi propagandists once wooed the Hausfrau with the legend that her right place is the Home, produc­ing manpower. Now, Gau­ leiters are altering their tune. Because criticism is banned in the Reich, Nazis must find scapegoats on whom to plant responsi­bility. Jews, the Christian Church and foreign workers forcibly enlisted for war work, have, in turn, served this purpose. The legend of German military invincibility must be maintained. After the last war it was not the generals who advised the Kaiser to abdi­cate, who took the blame. That was shifted onto the German workers and house­wives, who were accused of "stabbing the German Army in the back.” The German Army is the backbone of the Herrenvolk myth—the buck will always be passed to preserve the fable of in­vincibility. ..is graciously pleased to announce that on this auspicious occasion you are permitted to shout, 'Stick ’em up, you dirty load of w hite-livered baskets’ in place of ’Hands up, fellows, we’re here.’ ”This one day revolution ((11 /E have often been told that Britain is the country of gradual and almost imperceptible revo­lutions. But there was nothing gradual and imperceptible about this revolution. It happened in one day.” These sentences, which refer to the passing of the Emergency Powers (Defence) Act of 1940 are from a book iust-uuiji.atoed .Manpower. The Story Of Britain’s Mobilisation for War.” The snccess of the Revolu­tion can be measured by the fact that by the middle of last year there were 1,200,000 more men employed on munition work than at the end of the last war. At 9d. a copy ’’Manpower” looks like selling as well as ’’The Eighth Army,” a notable pre­decessor in the series issued by the Ministry of Labour and National Service. It is the story of a gigantic effort which our country made in 1940 to harness every living soul in our islands to the war effort and to throw all property and wealth into the hands of the State. It starts in those alarm­ing Maydays of 1940 when the Nazis overran Norway and Denmark and the might of the Wehrmacht was being ^turned against France and the Lew Countries. The House of Commons, In less than three hours, passed the Emergency Powers (Defence) Act and made the famous Regulation 58A under this Act. Vast powers As the book out,points this regulation meant that the Minister of Labour was ’’given the power to order most of us about on a grand scale. ”If next morning he had decided that it was in the national interest that 5,000 people in Kensington should togo Perthshire to fell trees, then they would have had togo and do it. ”Up to May 22 we were a free and easy democracy, much too free and easy to fight a total war. On May 23 it looked as if we had taken a jump into a saved us _From CYRIL JAMES 'Union Jack" London reporter (by radio) totalitarian regime. Our service j wfire ysiw. it-swemed. at the aiSM posal of the State. The Minis­ter of Labour and his National Service officers, who were now authorised by the regulation to issue directions, could tell us what to do and whereto do it.” No smashing The book continues: ’’One of the first things that all the dictators had done was to smash the organised working class movements, to break the Unions. But though our Government had now assumed the wide powers of a dictatorship in order to meet the terrible emergency, there was to be no smashing and breaking here. ’’Instead the co-operation of the employers and Trades Unions was sought, so that within the framework of these vast new powers the old democratic spirit should sur­vive. ’’Therefore,” the writer con­tinues, ”on this same day in May, agreements were arrived at between the Engineering and Allied Employers’ National Federation, the Amalgamated Engineering Union, the National Union of General and Municipal Workers, and the Transport and General Workers’ Union to pro­vide for the temporary relaxing of existing customs so as to permit, for the period of the war, splitting up of skilled jobs and the extended employment of women in the engineering in­dustry. ’’This opened a door through which have since streamed hundreds of thousands ol women and girls to make air­craft, guns, shells and .all the munitions of war. ’’And not before time. The evacuation from Dunkirk began. Under the blazing sun of that memorable June, the great bastion of France suddenly collapsed all western Europe came under the control of the Nazis, and Britain stood alone. V ’’Our great Navy migui toe still unchallenged, but we 'iad only a division and a h-tlf of fully-armed men. and a smaii vi> c.i.x.-eW.-j Air Force against Hitlers 200 heavily armed divisions and the terrible armadas of the Luftwaffe. ’’Only a miracle could save us. It happened and we were saved. That summer our people gave the lie forever to any talk of their degeneracy. Therp followed the strangest and most glorious chapter in our indus­trial history. We were arsenal, garrison and front line. Just enthusiasm ’’There was a shortage of plant and skilled men, there was in fact a shortage of every­thing except courage and enthusiasm.” The book gives some details of the incredible hours worked by the tactories during those desperate days. Factories were working 24 hours a day, seven days a week and all holidays were cancelled. Still free ’’Government training centres were established in many pajls, of the country.Men and women of all grades of society and of various nationalities passed through them. ”The job has been done,” says the book, ’’without the of press gangs, secret police and concentratiSfT camps. What is important is that the gigantic- task has been accomplished without our saying good-bye to the democratic spirit, to tolerance and good humour, and our respect for personality. ”We have retained the deep inward sense of freedom and of the value of the individual while we have been organising, toughening and arming our­selves to fight for the surviva! of these capital human qualities ’’This is a great achievement It may come to be regarded as our very greatest single achieve­ment as a people.” The Figl PlUil mons 1583869 L/I writes: Your c< Higgins, \19 shillings o here must money than If 1 had a it I would percent on purchased ii Britain. 1 people froi sums of <them war, thought a sr Women ai bargain hur them woulc knew the p of the gifts Pte. Higg: parcel in 'more than weeks’ wag< been more had sent 7 phis wife savings so ti money after modifies ar value. As regarding o:man pause to coi keeper who robbec over? I know it’s to send gif occasions, dl ally one’s v idea of hei charged. *157003 iA. writes: spondew perhaps wit control has then goon control wil pedoo) Jo-vi/ .! doj of the pi Members recognised of State cc for after th time they i cation will case of onl Thus the to insist or applied tot mg to morn State con terpnse car interests by wagon side It is onlj muddle-pat mists whicl tional State trade What the Press is sayi THE TIMES: Mr. Churchill referred to the Anglo-Soviet Treaty of 1942 as the dominat­ing factor in future relations with Russia. It is, indeed, even more than that. ...In Russia it is imperative to eradicate the last traces of suspicion bred by past experience that ...pro­jected groupings of .European nations, great or small, are designed in an exclusive spirit as bulwarks against Russia rather than elements in a structure in which Russia is one of the main pillars. ...An ordered and prosperous Europe is the common interest of both Britain and Russia, but it can­not be achieved without the elaboration of a common policy DAILY MAIL: The French Committee of National Libera­tion, this provisional French Government, is unrecognised either in London or Washington. The reason given, unconvincing, we believe, is that it might not represent the French people This would be understandable if there were some alternative body insight, but there is none. It is only too easy to seethe dangerous doubts which will be created if this matter is delayea much longer. DAILV HERALD: Mr. Chur­chill lalks of the Franco Government as if it had beer, for years past a considera'e friend of the United Nations always on the outlook for someway of doing democracy a good turn. General Franco’s blatani gestures of sympathy with Hitler are now to be forgotten The fact that he sent troops to fight against our Russian ally— and boastfully recalled this indeed a speech delivered this very month—is apparently of no im­portance. In the case of Italy and all other countries with which we have been at. war we are to msi form of gi democratic. Spain awe its form of concern us. OBSERV1 our warrio our policy a of their bit Germany ti all except ti ably, that <questions i another G must beset to carry c work that oeace. ...F ing when breaks ther anew am of purpose hope after surrender we and all listen as w <
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