The Crusader, Eighth Army Weekly, No. 41, Vol 4, February 8th 1943

- - - - Review for f t lie Blue - - - - CHURCHILL IN TURKEY : "COMPLETE AGREEMENT" R.A.F. BLAST NAZI LEADERS O FF THE AIR CASABLANCA— "UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER" TO PEACE FEELER ? M r C hu rcluu in co n [cren cc w ith th e T u rkish P rim e M inister. Following the historic meeting of Churchill and Roosevelt at Casablanca, regarded by the British and American press as a prelude to immense operat­ ions, came news of the British Prime Minister’s dramatic flying visit to Turkey whire conversations with Turkish statesmen and military experts resulted in agreements which were completely satisfactory to the representatives of both nations. > 11 Vol. 4 February 8th 1943 THUNDERBOLT (IF ASSAULT” — Churchill Speak to journalists at the press confer- :c 3 < • le British Embassy in Cairo after his i from Turkey, Mr Churchill con- 3? ie position at the time of his last ; • Cairo when Rommel was “a morn- inc < cor-car ride from the city" with the u r ¦ time. • enemy now" he said, “is, I suppose, - miles away from Cairo and the Eighth . - y will follow Rommel wherever ne ’he fugitive from Egypt and Libya avouring to present himself as the . r of Tunis. W e shall see how that • kiracter fits him and fits the circums­ tances." DESPERATE THRUST hen I last spoke to you Rommel was , . ing his offensive. W e know now it i last desperate thrust, but we had no ..jh r to assume then that his forces would r ot have initial success. There was always r e possibility that the Eighth Army, in order to retain its liberty of manoeuvre, might for a number of hours or days even have left open the approaches to Cairo... But Rommel did not dare in the event to by­ pass Eighth Army which would have been between him and his lines of supply.' After referring to “the great thunderbolt of assault" carried out by Eighth Army at Alamein, Mr Churchill said the desert army had delivered Egypt from all danger of in­ vasion from the W estern Desert in any per­ iod we could imagine or forever. THE OTHER FLANK Turning to the other flank by whicn Egypt might be approached, he said the prodigious victories of the Russian armies had entirely altered the situation. The threat of invasion from the north had been brushed aside by our Russian ally under the leadership of Stalin — “a great war­ rior whose name will rank with those most honoured in the history of the Russian peo­ ple." A third event of great importance in the war was the landing of American and Brit­ ish forces in French N orth-W est Africa. “There,” said the Prime Minister." we must expect very heavy fighting in the next few months or weeks, and for my part I have the utmost confidence in the result. I have also the belief that the desert army will play a noteworthy part in achieving the final result. (Continued on Page 4) The official communique on the visit says that “agreement was reached on the man­ ner in which Great Britain and the United States would be able to help Turkey ma­ terially to consolidate her own defensive security." Immediately after landing on the airfield at Adana, Mr Churchill inspected twenty .Hurricanes of the latest type which had been delivered to the Turks only a few days before. THE RING British Production Minister Oliver Lyt- itelton, spoke at Birmingham of a ring formed by Allied forces in three major areas, the Russian armies in the east, the forces of Alexander and Eisenhower in the Middle East and Africa and finally the warships of the Royal Navy from Gibral­ tar to Murmansk. The lock of that ring is Bizerta, and when that lock is shut the steel ring will be closed... the u-boat menace is one of the few remaining means by which the enemy can prolong the war.” According to a W a r Office booklet on Eighth Army's achievements, Rommel made three big mistakes at Alamein. He misjudg­ ed the supply problem ; underestimated Eighth Army's striking power ; and was not ready for Montgome ry’s battle tactics. Persistent London re­ ports assert that the published lists of “those present" at Casablanca were incomplete A. J. Cummings in the “News Chronicle" wrote : “It is at least possible that through neutral emissa­ ries Axis peace propo­ sals were advanced... Then the stress laid on the resolve of the Al­ lies to continue the war until ‘he Axis offers unconditional surrender takes on its proper significance.” W ith a timing that would have rejoiced the heart of a movie director. Mosquito bombers of the R.A .F. roared over Berlin at the second that Goring was to speak on the tenth birthday of the Nazi regime. Gor­ ing was billed to speak at 11 a.m. W hile the docks in the German capital boomed out the first stroke of the hour the first bombs fell. For an hour the Berlin radio announcer said Goring would be on the air in few minutes.” He eventually began his speech more than an hour after the schedul­ ed ti<ne. Again in the afternoon as Gob- bels started his radio speech from the Sport- palast, a second batch of Mosquitoes rain­ ed bombs on the capital. Hitler did not speak because “the dire necessities of war do not permit him to lepve his headquarters." Instead Gobbels read the Fiihrer's proclamation. The unholy tno all followed the same line of instilling strength into the German people through fear. A German defeat, they tried to tell Britain and the neutrals, would let loose a fed flood of Bolshevism over Europe, and again promised a “smashing German offen­ siv e " against Russia in the spring. I
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