Major WillieS Sarsfield 1.12/08/142 His life before 1914 William was born at Doughcloyne Cork Ireland on 23rd February 1868. He was the 7 th child of Dominick Ronayne Patrick Sarsfield and his wife Mary. William married Beatrice Maynard on 5 th June 1898 and they had one son Patrick Sarsfield .ref. 6 After being commissioned from RMA Sandhurst he was appointed Second Lieutenant 1 st Battalion The Connaught Rangers 19 September 1888 Lieutenant 12 February 1890 Captain 31 May 1897. Served in the South African War 1899-1902 with 1 st Battalion and on the Staff as Press Censor. Present at relief of Ladysmith Colenso Spion Kop Vaal Krantz Tugela Heights and operations in Natal and Cape Colony. Queens Medal and three clasps Kings Medal and two clasps. Was Adjutant 5 th (afterwards 4 th )Battalion Connaught Rangers from 21 December 1906 to 5 December 1908. Appointed Major on 5 December 1908 joined 2 nd Battalion on 18 th January 1909.2. His actions in World War I 1914 Major William Stopford Sarsfield and the 2nd Battalion Connaught Rangers by 4 August 1914 were stationed at Barrosa Barracks Aldershot as part of the 5th Brigade of the 2nd Division. On 14 August they were mobilised for war and landed at Boulogne . 1 A Daily Mail correspondent heard the Rangers singing the regimental marching song about one of their hometowns: ‘It's aLong Way to Tipperary' -as they marched through Boulogne on their way to the fighting. The Mail report made the song the iconic tune of the war and a song soon adopted by many other infantry regiments. The Rangers engaged in various actions on the Western Front including: ?The Battle of Mons was the first engagement between British and German forces on the Western Front and began on 23 August 1914 with our subsequent retreat. ?The Battle of the Marne followed the early days of World War I in which German troops had won a number of victories and invaded France through Belgium. The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the French Fifth and Sixth Armies had retreated to the banks of the Seine River south of the Marne. Additional troops were rushed to support the French Sixth Army and by September 91914 Chief of the German General Staff General Helmuth von Moltke ordered the German First and Second Armies to retreat. The Allied forces were successful in throwing back the Germans across the Marne. The German troops halted near the Aisne River. The Battle of the Marne was a costly battle for both sides. While the French recorded 250000 causalities the BEF marked about 12700 causalities. The German troops lost over 222000 soldiers. The victory at the Battle of the Marne was a significant triumph for the Allied Powers for it foiled German plans to invade Paris. Despite having captured sizable portions of northeastern France the German troops were forced to settle for trench warfare that lasted the rest of World War I. ?At the First Battle of the Aisne from 13 to 28 Sept. 1914 acting in conjunction with the French Fifth army on its right and the Sixth Army on its left and under the orders of theFrench C-in-C Gen. Joffre the BEF advanced on the 12th gaining the heights south of the River Aisne and on the left south of Venizel reached abridge over the river itself which was captured that night in heavy fighting. To the left of the BEF the French had also reached the Aisne between Compeigne and Soissons while on the right the French had reached the River Vesle between Beaumont and
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