Scrapbook of original WWI newspaper cuttings following Pt. 1073 Gordon James Alford 10th Battalion (A.I.F)

P R IM A R Y PRO D U CTIO N Imformative Statistics. The prefatory Report of the Government Statist (Mr. W . L. Johnston) on primary production in South Australia for the year endel June 30 last was issued' on Wednes­ day. The statistics are now -collected to a date six months later than usual, and this explain© the seeming delay, in the publica­ tion of the data. Most of the information, has already appeared in the columns of The Register in the form of interim reports, but there is a, wealth of fresh valuable statistical information in the completed volume. For example, particulars for the Oast five years, and the average for the last 10 years, are given in respect of rain­ fall, -cultivated area.;' wheat production, wool clip, and live stock totals for the various divisions of tihe State. The un­ occupied portions of the State embraces a,n area of 113,565,502 acres, and the occupied portions 129,579,298 acres. The features are:— —'Area Suitable for Wheat.— Every occupier supplied information its to the. total area of his holding- suitable for wbeatgrow- ing. The total aggregate area—13,846,065 acres— thus _ arrived at is divided as follows.—Centra} Division, 4,104,433 acres; Loyer ,'N ‘ ortli .Division, 2,518,799 acres; Upper 'North Divfiision, 1,332,365 acres; South-eastern Division, 1,830,122 acTos; Western Division, 4,051,801 acres; and remainder of State, S,550 acres. It must be remembered that these areas refer' only to land actually in occupation at the time of collection. —Machinery and Implements.— fhch producer is annually called upon to esti- mkate the value o rf all his plant and machinery, due allowance ebing made for depreciation. From the information received tn this way it has been possible to arrive at a fairly accurate estimate of the value of capital invested. The total'esti­ mated value w ? £3,477,021, divided as follows:— • Used mainly in general agTkrulturae, £2,933,621; in orchards, &c., £235,413; in dairying, £95,978; in pastoral pursuits, £'212,544; travelling ma­ chinery. such as . thre^hin^r machines and cheff- cutr ere. £10,055; The total in 1915-16 was £3,318,403. —(Hands Employed.- The collectors ewere again instructed to make careful enquiry as to the pennons regularly em­ ployed on fawns. In the count the proprietor, manager, and all regular hand.s were included, and as many of the fam d-lv as assisted, but temporary hands emerged shearing, Ssr., domestic servants, and cooks, were not included. In the case of mixed .farming, whree a’ pentfpn may be • engaged in several branches of farm work, 'h has been counted under the principal one engaging h.is time. The returns show that 61,636' (54,757) persons, 36,960 (39.266) males and 14.665 (15,471) females were deriving constant <wnpl*oyment on the land—cultivating 37.437 (¦M.i&i'): dairying, 9,561 (9,526); and pastoral, 4-628 (4,976)* —Fertilizers.— During the last 16 seamns the use of artificial manures has increased rapidly. In 1999-1901 the area of cropped land manmred - w as only 27.35 per cent: of the total, while the record's of the Inst. «evcn seasons ahow that 80 uepr cent, to 85 pec cent, of the area cropped is now artificially manured, and the total manure used in 1916-17 w ar* 06,893 toms <ave-n«re per acr-3 76 lb.), against 98,258 '(average 72.4 lb.'), in .1916-16. —Acreage Under Cultivation.— The total area cnl‘ivated for the season 1916-17 was 5,148,440 (5,347.PP0> - • acres, a decrease on •tli'5 previous season m f 1,98,649 acr<s, and equal to 11.95 acres per inhabitant. The area ouiltiyated during the la«t 10 teasers has increased by 1.901.605 acres. < * > r 58.57 - per cent.; and during’ the last five seasons by 8 0 ?} 005 acres, or 18.62 per cent. While ;tf'e area annually nla/'ed in. fallow has w utof*tan"tiaT '}y" increased durinjr the last five seasons the p‘ er- retlhage to the total area cropped remains abort* 44 ner 'renit. The area for ithe season 1916-17 w -'s 1.553.0^6 acres, or 4 *2.95 per cert., compared with 1.304,936 acres, or 35 26 p°r cents., of the previous seatfon. The acre'gre placed -in fallow for the season 3917-18 waft 1,491.319 acres, a decrease of 66.757 acres on the previous season. The area actually undr crop for the season wus 3,627;,4^7 ^3.763.570) acres, a decrease of 136,09:? acres. Of the total area, 3,561,855 acres were under cereals for era in, hay. a,nd fodder, the balance of the r f r r - r - '- PWj* - j nv.rk-et ganders. In comparsion W it h 10 years ago »he area under whenltt, barley, oats for g’raitti and hav «nd green fodder shows an increase o tf 1,466,829 acres, or 70 peT -cent. —Wheat Graphs.— Graphs are published which indicate the results af wheat cultivation for ach _ of tihe last 57 sea* sows. The area shown for grain- steadily increased, from I860 to 1880, from when it remained fairly even to 1908, when a rapid upward movementt com­ menced, and with the exception of a slight fall ip 1912, continued to the season 1916-17. A remark­ able similarity is noticeable ini the curves for rainfall, total” production, and average yield pef acre. In connection with the gratifying increase in production and the average yield per acib I ‘foown in ‘the grsuphs as begininir.g fp.>m 1902, the paragraph respecting -the Use olf fertilizers should ; ! be read for during this period the ration of area ; / so treated to area cropped increased rapidly. Ilad ' the, area of cropped fallow J&pif increased to the same extent instead of remaspwig about '.he saspfc raJtio, ic is CeiyaMe ttoat *ften much better averages would' have p£eni reaped. The heavy fali in production shown for 1913 and 1914 is proof of the severity of the drought, but a fine recovery was made in 1915, with a farther substantial in­ crease in 1 9]6 - 17 |, when 45,745,084 bushels, averag­ ing 16.46 bushels per acre, was recorded. — •Lave Stock.-— •Graphs are also given which indicate the fluctuations in the numbers of sheep, cattle, horses, and pigs for cadi of the last 57 years. Sheep began th period, numbering 2,824,811, and for 31 years tseadilv increased until the miax/kmim number of 7,646,239 was reached .in 1891, after which there is a rapid decrease to 5,012,620 in 1898, and a further fall to 4,880,540 in 190-1 From that year the flocks gradually .increased to 6,898,431 in 1908, but from that year the fall was rapid to 1915, after which a splendid decavery as noted, the flocks on Junne 30, 1$17, having numbered 5,091,2®?. iWr. Johnston says he has frequency reported that in normal times at least 1,500,000 marked lambs are annually required, or the equiva­ lent in net imports, to provide for home con­ sumption, export, and ordinary mortality losses iif the strength of our flocks is to be maintained. In ths connection; it will be valuable to note the lambing only in comparison ¦ w ith the annual slaughtering for th period 1908 to 1915. The lambing for this period avera^d 62.20 per cent.: the slaugbtrings aggregated 9,739,793, or 529.158 greater than the na rural increase of 9,210,635. The ewes mated in 1916-17 totalled 1,067,950. the lambs marked 1,548,450, or 78.68 per cent., and the slaughterings were 636,1X2. —Daiiydug.— ~ th » ’estimated value' "of 'dairying"' production T^j 1916-17 was '£1,136,191. . ‘ Graph*? show ..the -develop­ ment of the dairying industry .for a period'of 27 years. Butter and cheese show a rapid upward movement from the year 1902, which continued until 1910, when the effect of the several years of drought as seen in the falling curve indicting the number of milk corns, and as a natural re­ sult. there is'a rapid fall in the curves for butter, cheese, and bacon and bam. A substantia! re­ covery in all ines has since taken place, which is -effected in the rising curves for the vear ended June 30, 19*7. —Copper.— The Btate, since - its foundation to 1916, had pro­ duced copper and copper ore valued at £50,036,799, the total for all minerals having been £34.087.608. 1915-16. 1916-17. g ~ ' t« '" 2 * * ® & • / • , .» C - • j- * fu. Oereals (wheat, bcrley, cats, &C.1............ 8,son,70? 60 .- '4 3 11,342,000 §1 .! Hay, creen fod­ der, and straw 2,405,658 19.30 Root crops (po­ tatoes, onianfc', mangolds, &c/) and market gardens .. . 240,166 1.94 Orchards and vineyards .. . 1,122,108 9.04 Miscellaneous .. 37,867 .31 1,422,'ISO' 10.27 198,074 1.43 826,823 , 5.98 49,415 .<m Grand total 12,406,466 100.00 13,838,432 100.00 Average per head of popu­ lation .. .. .'. £28 7 11 £32 e 2 Acreage under crop . * .... Acres per head of population. Acrce. Acres. 3,763,570 3,627,477 861 8.42 MESSAGES FROM THE SEA. a "Timber of water-soiled letters have been „d to The Resrister bv Mr Ceorge
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