War Machine, Volume 5

FFV Ordnance Carl Gustav (continued) (1095 yards) In order to defeat the new composite-armour tanks produc­tion is about to start of the FFV597 two- piece over-calibre rocket-assisted fin- stabilized HEAT round with a stand-off probe fuse to give optimum penetra­tion effect. The FFV597 consists of a 4-kg (8.8-lb) warhead section which is inserted into the muzzle of the gun and a 3-kg (6.6-lb) propulsion cartridge which is loaded as normal. The 5.8-kg (12.8-lb) projectile has a range in ex­cess of 300 m (330 yards) and can penetrate over 900 mm (35.43 in) of frontal armour. A lightweight version of the stan­dard weapon the Carl Gustav M3 en­tered production in 1984 and is able to fire all the existing types of ammuni­tion. The Carl Gustav has seen exten­sive combat use throughout the world, including use with the British forces on the Falklands in 1982. The basic Carl Gustav M2 is used by Australia Au­stria Canada Denmark Eire Ghana, the Netherlands Norway Sweden, the United Arab Emirates UK East Germany and several other countries the Carl Gustav M2-550 is operated by Japan Sweden and other countries and the Carl Gustav M3 is used only by Sweden. Specification Carl Gustav Type: anti-tank rocket-launcher Dimensions: length 1.13 m (3 ft 8.5 in) calibre 8.4 cm (3.31 in) Weight: M2 14.2 kg (313 lb) M2-550 15 kg (33 lib) and M3 8kg(17.61b) Performance: range see text Ammunition: see text Armour penetration: see text Originally developed by Nord- Aviation the A roe asp tia le SS.ll started life in 1953 as the Type 5210 and entered service with the French army in 1956. Apart from its normal ground- or vehicle-launched role it can also be launched from a helicopter or ship. It is a manually-guided line-of- sight weapon the operator acquiring the target by means of a telescopic sight. As soon as the missile enters his field of view after launch the operator commands it to his line of sight via a joystick control and wires and then flies it to the target using tracking flares mounted on the rear of the missile for visual reference. From 1962 a modified SS. 1 IB 1 variant was produced with transistorized firing equipment This weapon can befitted with a variety of warheads including the Type 140AC anti-tank the Type 140AP02 semi­ armour-piercing delay-action anti­personnel and the Type 140AP59 anti­personnel fragmentation. Production ceased at the beginning of the 1980s after some 179000 rounds of the SS. 1 1 family had been built for more than 20 countries. A modified SS 1 1 derivative with a much improved semi-automatic guidance system the Harpon was produced in some numbers for the French West German and Saudi Ara­bian armies from 1967 onwards. The missile family has seen inaction numerous conflicts over the years and was used most recently from British army Westland Scout helicopters against Argentine ground positions during the recapture of the Falklands France used the S S .ll when it was amongst the earliest missiles to arm helicopters for the anti-tank role as exemplified by the Aerospatiale Alouette III inaction here.in 1982. It is also seeing regular use in the Gulf War with both the Iraqis and the Iranians. Current operators of the SS.ll are Argentina France India, Iran Iraq Italy Tunisia Turkey UK, Venezuela and a number of undis­closed customers. As far as is known, the only current possessor of the Har­ pon type is India. Produced in large numbers since 1956 the SS. 11 has served in many armies on a wide variety of vehicles. This triple launcher was photographed in Portugal. Specification SS.11B1 Type: anti-tank missile Dimensions: length 1.20 m (3 ft 11.25 in) diameter 16.40 cm (6.46 in) span 50.00 cm (1 ft 7.7 in) Launch weight: 29.9 kg (65.9 lb) Propulsion: two-stage solid-propellant rocket Performance: range 500-3000 m (545-3280 yards) Warhead: see text Armour penetration: Type 140AC 600 mm (23.62 in) and Type 140AP02 10 mm (04 in) FRANCE/W ESTGERM ANY Euromissile HOT The Euromissile HOT is the heavyweight spin-stabilized tube- launched wire-guided counterpart to the MILAN for use from dug-out posi­tions vehicles and helicopters. Plan­ned as the direct replacement for the SS.ll the HOT has automatic com­mand to line of sight guidance with IRan tracking system All the operator has to do is to keep his optical tracking sight on the target to ensure a hit. This guidance system allows avery rapid gathering of the missile to the line of sight after launch thus enabling avery The long-range HOT is designed to be fired from vehicles helicopters and fixed static positions against tanks infantry combat vehicles and APC targets. To ensure its lethality ¦IKS against the new generation o f Soviet laminate armour an improved hollow-charge warhead is underdevelopment. 966
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