The Great War Part 242, April 5th 1919

A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPhLEMENT TO THE "GREAT WAR PART 2 2 History in the Making OLUME XII. of The Great W a rends with this Part being brought to its conclusion most appropriately with the story of the Kritish N avys final triumph and ail examination of the Empires Roll of Honour in the last year of tlte conflict. In respect of the bulk of its subject matter this twelfth is perhaps the most notable of all the volumes that will compose this Standard History. Its predecessors have been packed it is true, with information on complex subjects of im­mense and far-reaching importance and with stories of fighting equally heroic but in the six hundred pages comprised between Parts 213 and 242 has been contained the narrative of the enemys supreme effort to obtain a decisive victory on the western front and to break the stranglehold of the British Navy and the full account of the defeat of this effort by the general counter-offensive of the Allies. H R E E periods of epic conflict on the western front have been dealt within this volume— the first comprising the Battle for Amiens and the thrust for Paris the second the turn of the tide comprising the Hatties on the Somme and Avre the Oise and Ancre and the North and Scheldt Canals the third the Allies general offensive which brought about the armistice. Italys victory on the Iiave and subsequent final triumph when Austria collapsed and the Conquest of Palestine and Syria aie also chronicled here making up a tale of victory without precedent in written history. This volume is notable too for the¦ coloured portraits given with it of the great commanders— Eoch Allenby Pershing Beatty, Haig Home Plumer and Byng— for the unique coloured map of the western front presented with Part 213 and for the superb reproductions in colours of paintings by Lieutenant Power,Captain Handley-Read and Mr. C.M. Padday. ITH regard to the subjects that will form part of the contents of the Thirteenth and last Volume ofT he©r eat War subscribers are referred to the announcements made on advertisement pages of the cover of this Part. These chapters with the General Index will complete and round off Heard at the It is announced that Ur. AugusteR ateau of the Academic des Sciences has invented a contrivance enabling aeroplanes to fly a t a rate unheard of hitherto and a t heights considered New Air until now impossible. The engine, Invention which is based on the principle of the turbine is designed to produce :!0000 revolutions a minute. The invention also comprises a small centrifugal ventilator for the purpose of compressing the air a t lofty altitudes a t which the instrument is used. I t is thus possible to furnish the engine with compressed air a t a pressure usual a t lower altitudes. The engine then works a t'fu ll strength and not only do the machines climb thousands of m etres higher but their speed becomes much faster than when near land. This invention of Dr. R ateau will enable a flight front Paris to Algiers to be made in five hours. *An interesting account of the work which is being done b they App ointments Department of the Ministry of Lab our was recently given b y Sir Robert Home. Its object is to The help dem obilised officers and men Appointments whose previous education fits them Department for ¦the professional and the higher grades of business life, to continue their interrupted training and get a publication which would have been note­worthy whenever produced and is doubly so in view of the .difficulties and restrictions that have hampered the Editors and Publishers duiing the war. With regard to the Editors there were the difficulties imposed upon them by the censorship on which perhaps it will be better not to dilate here and now with regard to the publishers there were the difficulties arising from shortage of labour diminution of the supply of paper and other materials necessary to the production and also the enormously increased cost of all these things. These diffi­culties are being eased gradually now but some of them are still severe and subscribers will be giving appreciable and welcome help if they refrain from procrastination in the matter of placing their orders for the binding cases of this and perhaps former volumes. WITH regard to the “Roll of Honour with” chapter which this Twelfth Volume concludes it is fair to the writer to outpoint that his work was necessarily restricted to making a summary and analysis of the figures of the casualties incurred during the. period under his review. It was no part of his scheme to refer in particular detail to individual men who made the supreme sacrifice on the altar of civilisation. Readers interested in this aspect of the matter maybe referred to books that have dealt with it such as “The ”Modern Elizabethans byE. B. Osborn and ”“For Remembrance by St. John Adcock. Here, statistics only have been dealt with and the staggering fact emerges that something like ten million men have been killed in all theatres of the war brought down to death “before their time ”by the insane ambitions.of a small group of individuals. Before that fact the imagination is fortunately powerless. Happily for the reason of mortal man he cannot faintly picture the amount of suffering it represents but on one thing ho is resolved— that never again shall it be possible for any manor party to bring such catastrophe upon the world. If it is within the power of human intelligence to devise a system by which war shall be prevented, then the Great War will bethe last war. Listening Post then) into touch with employers having app oint­ments to fill up. The department for example, passes a suitable candidate onto the Board of Agriculture or the Board of Education and then sends him to a training centre or to a university. Or they find a business employer willing to take him and in each case while he is training sub­sistence allowance is given up to a limit of £175 in one year. The case of the apprentice whose apprenticeship was broken b they war is also covered b they department and a scheme has been outworked for his benefit. The case of the disabled stftlier comes under the Industrial Training Section of the same department. According to Sir Robert Home already 130000 officers and men have been brought into touch with employers through this agency.* A Mission has been sent to Rumania to estimate the damage caused to the oil-mines. It is under the charge of Lieutcnant-Colonel Sir J. Norton- Grifliths. This Rumanian Oil Com-Mission mission “is charged to visit Rumania to and the sites of all damage done Rumania under the authority of the Rumanian Government inN ovem ber-D ecem ber, 1916 and January 1917 whether' to the oil­fields oil-works or refineries pipe-lines pumping stations or storages or to com and other grain stocks or machinery and buildings to inquire as to the present condition of such properties and as to how far additional damage was occasioned by enemy action or accident and as to how far the damage done inN ovem ber-D ecem ber 1916 and January 1917 was restored or made goodby the enemy and to report on such conditions with a view to advisin togas the assessment o f any com­pensation payable by the Rumanian Government.” The amount of the claim swill depend on the report of the Commission. The number of claimants is forty-nine. *Springing out of the war the United States Government merchant marine is rapidly growing to large proportions. Nor is this surprising in view of the energy shown by the Soldiers as American Shipping inBoard getting Merchant- the men required to man the men hundreds of new ships built or building. The Board is recruiting men from the dem obilised demand obilising A m e ri­ can Army and turning them into sailors in training vessels paying them gocd wages from the start. The course of training overextends three months. And now the Board is advertising for “husky ”young Americans to quote its words to learn the “business of firing boilers in the ”new ships the number wanted of these stokers being fifteen hundred a month. Those accepted are placed in training vessels a t 6 a month training pay for thirty days and then are sent on deep-w ater voyages a t 15 a month with uniform and inboard addition. T o make this occupation still more attractive the Board makes a point of stating that voyages will be varied to allow the men to see as much of the world as possible and that there will be speedy promotion for those making good. *Norway was always pro-A lly and this spring she is to show her sympathy for France in a practical manner b y helping in the restoration of the devastated parts in the north Help b y planting a belt of Norwegian from forest trees. A plan has been form u- Norway lated and the people of Norway are takin git up with enthusiasm a considerable sum having been subscribed already. The idea is to plant a t least two hundred and fifty acres annually for five years. A large party of Norwegians fully equipped with trees tools, tents and stores so as not to impose the slightest burden on Prance is to plant the trees in the belt reaching from Ardennes towards the Belgian frontier behind Arras where formerly there was a finely forested area. This is the proposal but action will betaken in any other district o f France i f the French Government desires a change in the Norwegian programm e. Christiania is the centre of this excellent scheme. *Frequent reforence was made during the war to the possibility of hearing the muffled sound of the Flanders guns in England. Interesting oorrobora- tion of this was given a t a meeting of Audibility the Royal Meteorological Society, o f when Mr. Miller Christy read-a paper GunFire on “The GunFire on the Continent during 1918: its Audibility a t Chignal St. James near Chelm sford.” Observations on the audibility of the Continental gunfire were made for four years. The results for previous years were brought forward in earlier papers. In 1918 the first sounds were heard on the evening of May 8th and the last on August 26th thus confirming previous experience that thero is audibility a t the writers post of observation in Essex only during the summer months. The period of inaudibility 1918 amounted to fifteen weeks fivo days. In previous years the periods were :1915 seventeen weeks three days 1916 fifteen weeks 1917, nineteen weeks four days. The average for the four years is seventeen weeks. A feature of 1918 was that the sounds were less loud and distinct than in previous years and there were none of the periods of extreme loudness which had before been noticed. The World To-day is continued on page vii.
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