Profile Publications No. 94 The Focke-Wulf Fw190DTa 152

The Focke-Wulf Fwl90D/Ta 152 Series by J. Richard Smith The F ocke-W ulf Ta 152C-0!R11 ( W .N r.0007) coded CIr X M. This machine was powered by a DB 603 L engine and had the standard owing f the Fw 190 A-8. (Photo: H. J. Nowarra) Following the startling succcss that accompanied the appearance of the Focke Wulf Fvv 190 A-l over the English Channel in the late spring of 1941 (see Profile No. 3, The Focke-W ulf Fw 190 A) work was intensified on several high altitude versions of the basic design. The first variant, designated Fw 190 B, was equipped with a B.M.W. 801 radial, but differed from the A series in having a turbo-supercharger and pressurised cabin. Only a few aircraft were built, and the design was soon replaced by the Fw 190 C series. This last was powered by a 1,750-h.p. Daimler Benz DB 603 A in-line engine with turbo-supercharger, the first proto­type for which was the Fw 190 V 13 (Werke Nr. 0036)“ SK + JS ”.This was followed by a second aircraft, the Fw 190 V 18 (W .Nr.0040) “CF+ O Y ”which differed in having a four-bladed V.D.M. airscrew and turbo­ supercharger—the machine being dubbed “Kangaroo” because of the large under-fuselage fairing which this installation necessitated. The second and third genuine prototypes for the Fw 190 C (the V 18 being an interim variant) were the V 29 (W .Nr.0054) T F r K S”and V 30 (W.Nr.0055) “CF -i-KT” both of which were fitted with the DB 603 G engine. Both the Fw 190 V 31 (W.Nr.0056) +H“G K U ”and the V 32 (W.Nr.0057) +HG“ K V ”were fitted with larger wings and tail surfaces, but the former crashed on 29th April 1943. The last prototype was the Fw 190 V 33 (W .Nr.0058) H“G +KW ”which carried an armament of two engine-mounted 13 mm. MG 131 machine guns and two wing-mounted 20 mm. MG 151/20 cannon. However, the Fw 190 C-l was finally abandoned both because of the poor performance of the llirth 9-2281 turbo-supercharger and the succcss of the Jumo 213 powered Fw 190 D series. The third of the high altitude projects based on the original Focke Wulf Fw 190 design was the Junkers Jumo 213 powered Fw 190 D. The machine was to be based on the standard Fw 190 A-8 airframe, but the fuselage was to be lengthened to accommodate the 1,750-h.p. Jumo 213 A twelve-cylinder, liquid- cooled, in-line engine, and the tail fin and rudder were to be enlarged to compensate for the increased length. The first prototype for the D series was the Fw 190 V 17 (W .Nr.0039) which was converted from a standard A-O during the winter of 1941-42. This machine was later again re-built as the V 17/UI making its initial inflight May 1944 from Langenhagen airfield as prototype for the Fw 190 D-9 production model. Five further Fw 190 A-Os were converted as D series prototypes, these being designated Fw 190 V 20, V 21, V 22, V 23, and V 25. A small pre-production batch of Fw 190 D-Os were completed, these being conversions of standard production Fw 190 A-7 airframes. These machines were similar to the A-7, the Jumo 213 engine being installed as a “power egg” although a compensating section was toadded the rear fuselage. Armament was carried in the shape of four wing-mounted 20 mm. MG 151/20 cannon and two 13 mm. MG 131 machine guns mounted above the engine cowling. The pre-production aircraft were followed by a small production batch of Fw 190 D -ls this model differing in having increased vertical tail surfaces. The first major production model was the Fw 190 D-9. This was intended to replace the Fw 190 A-8 in service, hence there being no D-2 to D-8 designations. In the event, however, two further A scries aircraft were built, designated A-9 and A -10. The first pro­totype of the Fw 190 D-9 was, as mentioned earlier, the Fw 190 V 17/UI. This had a 1,776-h.p. Junkers Jumo 213 A-l engine with MW-50 water-methanol injection, which boosted power to 2,240 h.p. and gave the aircraft a maximum speed of 426 m.p.h. The second prototype for the D-9 was the Fw 190 V 53 (W.Nr. 170003) which followed in less than a month, this having two further 20 mm. MG 151/20 cannons in the wings in addition to the two MG 3
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