The Great War Part 241, March 29th 1919

A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “ THE GREAT WAR, PART 241. THE MERCANTILE MARINE University of London O.T.C. The tenth annual report of the Military Education Committee of the University of London refers with gratification to the letter from the King, in which his Majesty sent an assurance of the interest with which he had learnt that the University of London Officers Training Corps continued “ to uphold the record of splendid services which it has rendered in the past.” The number of commissions granted to cadets and ex-cadets of the University of London O.T.C. and to other graduates and students recommended by the committee increased during the year from 4,040 to 4,413. First commissions in the Army, Navy, or Air Force have been granted to 4,101 former cadets. Of these officers 584 have fallen in the war. The num ber of distinctions gained by former cadets up to the end of 1918 is 1,176, including: V.C., 4 ; D.S.O., 39 (including three w ith a bar) ; Military Cross, 442 (including three with two bars and 29 with one bar) ; Croix do Guerre, 21 ; M6daille Militaire, 1 ; mentioned in despatches, 480 (m en­ tioned four times, 3 ; thrice, 16 ; twice, 56). Turkey’s War Losses According to Turkish official returns, the total losses of the Ottoman Army from the beginning of the war to the end of 1918 are as follows : Officers. Men. Killed and died . . ... 5,500 .. 431,424 W o u n d e d ............................. 407,772 Prisoners and missing .. 3,030 .. 100,701 In reference to the above, the “ Times ” points out, the “ underestimation is obvious from one figure. In General AUenby’s last offensive alone, in conjunction with the Hedjaz army’s operations, over 83,000 prisoners were taken. Very largo numbers were also captured in Mesopotamia. Egypt, Armenia, and Gallipoli.” Heroic Services Rendered in the War. A wonderful story is contained in the twenty- sixth annual report of the Imperial Merchant Service Guild. It recounts the heroic services rendered during the war by members of the Mer­ cantile Marine. Practically every single member, states the report, played an active part, in the war, and 14,661 repre­ sentatives of this “ purely peaceful occupation ” laid down their lives. The 1,519 honours include six V.C.’s, 80 D.S.O.’s, 410 D.S.C.’s, 18 bars to the D.S.C., and 38 French decorations. Further, in the words of the Shipping Controller, “ it was the Merchant Marine which settled the food question- nothing else.” During the war, a t a rough calculation, some 13.000 officers of the Merchant Service have been engaged as officers of the N avy and carrying on purely naval duties, not to m ention several hundreds who have joined the Army, being given commissions in the Royal Engineers (Inland W ater Transport Section). In November last there were employed in the N avy alone 80,000 officers and men of the Mer­ chant Service; 20,000 Royal Naval Reserve ‘ ratin gs; 36,000 Trawler Reserve men, and 20,000 mercantile seamen and firemen on Government transport agreements. Of the 4,500 officers and men of the N avy and Mercantile Marine who were taken prisoners of war, the great m ajority belonged to the M erchant Service. Over 3,200 m erchant soafarers, states the report, lingered for years under insufferable conditions at Ruhleben. H ad it not been for the supplies of food they received from their homes, from the Guild, from owners, and others, none would have survived. The irony of the position of m any of them was the more acute, for both they and their ships were actually detained by the Germans several days before war was officially declared. The strongest pressure is being brought to bear in impressing upon the representatives of this country at the Peace Conference the necessity of a stern demand for full reparation for the men of the Merchant Service who have suffered at tho hands of the enemy. ______ Foch and Winterfeldt The Paris “ Figaro ” publishes the following anecdote concerning General W interfeldt: I t will be romembered th a t this Germ an officer received the French decoration of tho Cross of the Legion of H onour on the day following his au to ­ mobile accident, in which he was injured a t tho time of the manoeuvres in the South-W est of France before tho war. On N ovem ber 11th last W interfeldt appeared before Marshal Foch wearing this decoration on hie tunic. After the personal courtesies following the presenta­ tion of the Germ an delegates, Marshal Foch, fixing his eyes on W interfeldt, and especially on the decoration, rem arked quietly, “ I authorise you, sir, to remove it.” ______ The “ Pershing Stadium ’ The American Y.M.C.A. has begun the con­ struction of the “ Pershing Stadium ,” where the inter-allied military games will be held in June next. The stadium will be situated at Joinvillc, near Paris, and will have a seating accommodation of 22.000 and a standing capacity of 40,000 more. After the inter allied games General Pershing will present the amphitheatre to the French Govern­ m ent as a permanent souvenir of the American Army’s presence in France. General Fournier, who was Governor of Mau- beuge when it capitulated to tho Germans in September, 1914, and who was taken prisoner along with the garrison, has returned to France. In accordance with custom, he will be tried by court-martial for the capitulation. Commodore Aemilius Jarvis, president of the N avy League of Canada, has arrived in England w ith a cheque for £200,000, which was subscribed during the sailors’ week campaign held throughout Canada for the relief of dependents of merchant seamen who perished during the Great War and of maimed and disabled sailors of the Empire. Historic Cartoons o f the G reat W ar IN HONOUR OF THE BRITISH N A V Y To Commemor te the Surrend r of tne German Fleet. (R°prodce& from “ P u n c h , ” No'ember 2 7 , 1 9 1 8 , by perm'ssion of the. Proqmctors.) P rin te d and published every M onday by th e P ro p rieto rs, Thb Vm a l g a m a t e d P k lss, L td ., The F leetw ay H ouse, ta rrin g d o n S t., London, b.C . 4 . Advert i s e m e ^ H ouse, F arringdon S t., London, E.C. 4 . R egistered for tran sm ission by C anadian M agazine P ost. S ubscription la te s : In lan d , lOd. per copy. A broad (ex cep t South‘ A frica, A u strala sia, and C anada). 9£d. per copy. C anada only. 9d. per copy. Sole ag e n ts fo r S outh A frica, T he C en tral News A gency, L td. Sole ag en ts for A u stralia and New Z ealand, M es.rs. G ordon & G oteh, L td .; and for C anada. The Im perial News Co., L td. Sold in C a lc u tta by The S tan d a rd L ite ra tu re Co., 13/ 1 , Old C o u rt H ouse S t. S at. M arch. 29th, 1919. Y
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