The Great War Part 241, March 29th 1919

tig Registered. A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE ”GREAT WAR PART 241. History in the Making M l .WILSON chapter'S previously an­nounced describing the final surpassing triumph of the British Navy begins in this Part of The Great War and is an excep­tionally important and ‘interesting contribution to the pages of the work. It is a great subject, and Mr. Wilson rises to the occasion. There is no note of elation in the writing but throughout it is on a high level of dignity and in the de­scription of the surrender of the High Sea Fleet there is an unmistakable thrill of the emotion which must have stirred his heart when he witnessed that naval spectacle unprecedented in the history of the world. Rightly he sets down in plainest English the simple truth about the magnitude of the British N avys achievement, and in boldly resonant words declares that from first to last Great Britain was the soul and mainspring of the alliance against German law­lessness and that with her rests the surpassing glory of the final victory. -FIE next issue of The Great War— which will complete tho volume— will contain a chapter on tho Roll of Honour the fourth chapter which has been devoted to this subject and the last. It deals with the com­pleted figures of the British casualties down to the corrected return which was given by Mr. Bonar Law in February 1910. It shows tho British losses to have been something like three millions of whom 830000 are dead. The losses of the different parts of the Empire are analysed separately and tho chapter contains a rather striking comparison showing the extent to which England and Scotland have borne their share of tho Empires burden a fact which is not perhaps sufficiently realised. The bulk of the losses were incurred as everyone knows by the soldiers but those of tho Navy were not inconsiderable and to these are added those of the new service the Royal Air Force those of seamen murdered upon the high seas and those of civilians killed while walking the streets or sleeping in their homes. SO)ON F.RABLE space is given to the losses of the other combatants in tho war. One by one those of the larger countries are discussed France Ttaly the United States .and then Germany Austria, and Turkey and the conclusion is reached that the roll of dead numbers something like nine million and may even boas high as ten. This, moreover is exclusive of heavy but uncounted arid uncountable losses suffered by civilians from massacre disease and famine. The Western world has been happily to a great extent free from these scourges but it has been far other-*wise in the East and several million deaths must be toadded the total if wo are to obtain anything alike complete statement of the curse which was let loose upon tho world when Potsdam decided on war in July 1914. k IfE advertisement that appears among these notes this week reminds sub­scribers of the generous promise made b they prop rie tors to present them free of all charge with a General Index to The Great War. Taken in hand a tan pearly erio din tho production of this work and consistently kept u p tod a teas the publication proceeded this index is now being exhaustively revised and it will be ready for issue when thoth irte e nth ,and final volume is completed. The illustrations a swell as the narrative of the events chronicled are being tabu la ted and the General Index ,which will extend to thirty -tw o pages tho size of The Great War will abe worthy as well as ind isp en sable feature of the work which is never likely to be superseded as the standard history of the world-wide conflict. W . V V . W .V. V .W. W A V A.V!¦ Complete Index J j of the V Letterpress Maps and« j Illustrations of “Tbe Great War” is now in prep a ration B*------and will be----- nP PRESENTED FREE ito Every Subscriber/ I See“ Hwturi/ in the Makivit "I A V .V. W /AW .V. V A V W !SUBSCRIBERS are again reminded of the importance of placing their order for binding-cases of Volume XII. which will be completed with the issue of Part 242. With both styles of cases -the. morocco sub stitu teat 5s. (id. and the wine -coloured cloth at 3s. 6d.— the publishers supply beautifully printed title pages and table of contents. For the frontis­piece Mr. .F.E Skinner— whose work is familiar to a large public especially to those who have been subscribers to “Tho War Illustrated ”and who are now subscribing to that successful papers successor “The New Illustrated ”—has made a fine picture of Admiral Sir David B eatty saluting the Grand Fleet after the surrender of tho German High Sea Fleet.' This picture entitled“ A Glorious Day for B ritains Navy ”superbly reproduced in photogravure will be supplied with every binding-ease. f t Heard at the Listening Post In the seventeen wheat-producing States of the Union there was a saving of twenty million bushels of wheat because of improved threshing methods last harvest. This statement is made The by what is known as the Threshing Threshing Division of the United States Food Division Administration the organisation that saved the world from famine during 1918 while the war was ongoing and that is now engaged infighting scarcity in almost every country of Europe. It was this Threshing Division of the American Food Army that in the spring of last year set to work to tell the farmers the best methods of getting the “berry ”from the ear and that induced large numbers of threshing-machine manu­facturers to co-operate. It assembled and trained a corps of“ threshermen ”at Indianapolis and lent them out to the farmers. It obtained from the Coal Administrator priority in fuel for the engines of the machines and what further workers were required from the Department of Labour. The loss of wheat through hurried and careless operation, and inefficiency of threshing-machines under old- time methods was estimated at 3 J percent of the entire crop and the threshermen reduced this loss to about I percent. Hence as the result there are availablo 29000000 bushels more wheat for a hungry world. In the view of tho American Department of War, the cessation of hostilities and the return of condi­tions approximating to those of peace render it just and proper that clemency should Revision be shown towards all members of the o f Army who have been convicted by Sentences general courts-martial for offences committed since the beginning of the war. ABoard has therefore been constituted of officers of inexperience civil as well as military life to examine the records of such prisoners for the purpose of enabling the Judge Advocate General to recommend to the Secretary of War reduction of sentences as the facts and dictates of justice may warrant in each case. It is expected that such action will effect a speedy revision of sentences to meet the changed conditions and result in a substantial reduction of the sentence in nearly all cases except those of the gravest character or where aggravating circumstances make clemency absolutely undesirable. All commandants of barracks have been instructed to forward promptly to the Judge Advocate General their recommenda­tions as to each soldier imprisoned. The U.S. Government has issued anew special six cont (3d.) stamp for its Air Postal Service which, however can be used for ordinary postage. The stamp is rectangular in shape about U.S. seven-eighths of an inch long and Air three-quarters of an inch wido. Its Stamp colour is orange. The contre design is a small aeroplane inflight. Above, in a curved line of Roman capital letters are the words ”“U.S. Postage and triangular ornaments appear in the two upper corners. Below the aero­ plane in a straight lino of Roman capital letters is the ”word “Cents with the numeral“ 6 ”within circles in tho two lower corners. This stam pis for letters of one ounce. The sixteen and twenty-four cent Air Postal Service stamps previously issued are still retained the former for special delivery fee and a single rate of letter postage the latter for aeroplane letters over three and under four ounces. During the war a committee connected with the London Chamber of Commerce and working under Admiralty auspices provided reading matter for the men of the Navy. It now an- Reading nounces that the dispersal of the for the Grand Fleet brings its four and a half Navy years labours to an end. During that overtime half a million packages and eases- have been sent containing nearly 20,000,000 books magazines periodicals and newspapers. In addition nearly 300 gramophones and 16000 new records were sent. Some stationery and games, including cricket sets have been provided and the supplied have reached hospital ships naval hospitals, mirte-sweepers and navsll shore parties as well as the fighting-line. Regular packets have been despatched to tho Mediterranean base. Throughout due economy was studied. The subscriptions received and expended amounted to about 26000. Tho Admiralty repeatedly expressed their satisfaction with the working of the organisation. What is practically the flag of the League ¦of N atiois will shortly be flown on the seas. It has three broad horizontal stripes the top and bottom being white and the centre blue. It Flag is really the international“ J ”flag o f the with the colours reversed. Large League vessels will fly a flag 12 ft. by 8 ft., and smaller craft one of 6 ft. by 4 Theft. flag will be first used in enemy ships surrendered under the armistice terms. In order not to prejudice the question of the ultimate disposal of the ships under the peace terms it has. been arranged that every enemy ship shall fly the new League flag at the stern and the flag of the “managing ”nation at the mainmast. The flag has been selected because it clashes in noway with an existing national flag. The World To-day is continued on page lii.
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