The Great War Part 240, March 22nd 1919

(iv . ) £ J b e W o r ld Registered. A W E E K LY REVIEW SUPPLEM ENT TO " THE GREAT WAR," PA R T 240. Australia’s Fighters Captain W. J. Denny, M.C., in a recent lecture, gave some interesting facts concerning Australia’s fighters. There were special difficulties, he said, in promptly returning the men, owing to distance from the Commonwealth and the lack of railway and shipping facilities. Notwithstanding this, 1,000 men would continue to be demobilised every two days. Dis­ charges in the United Kingdom werQ not favoured, and were granted only in exceptional cases. Over 10,000 A.I.F. men had married English wives and some desired to remain in England; but Australia wanted her own men—especially the A.I.F. soldier —to return to the Commonwealth. On arrival in A ustralia every soldier would receive 7J days* leave for every six m onths’ service, up to sixty days, and 3s. per day subsistence * during the same period. H e would also be issued w ith a new service outfit. All pay and 75 per cent, of deferred pay would be paid after disem barkation, and the balance when the pay-book had been finalised. After his discharge in A ustralia, the A .I.F. soldier would be m ost generously treated. Suitable em ploy­ m ent would be found a t a living wage, and u n til this was securod he would receive 42s. to 60s. a week. Submarine Losses A complete return of German and British sub­ marine losses during the war has been compiled, and the figures are : Germ an U boats lost from various causes . . 203 B ritish subm arines ................................................ 59 In regard to B ritish losses it is learned auth ori­ tativ ely th a t 39 w6ro accounted for by enem y action, three were interned, seven were blown up in the B altic by ourselves when the tu rn of Russo-Germ an events m ade it necessary for us to clear o u t of th a t sea, five were lost by collisions, one was wrecked, and th e rem aining four were lost from various causes unconnected w ith enem y action. A full statement of war losses in the British Navy is being compiled, and will be published. The list will include the 59 submarines accounted for in detail above. T he Germ an figures of 203 U boats lost do not include the 185 surrendered. Of these 135 are in B ritish waters, and 50 m ore rem ain to be handed over. The delay in the delivery of the balance is due to a v ariety of causes, the chief of w hich is unreadi­ ness for sea. Those in certain stages of completion will be finished and handed over, while others less advanced will be broken up and sold. Historic Cartoons of the G reat W ar R E U N I T E D . S tra sb o u rg t D ecem b er 8tn, 1918. {Reproduced from “ P u n c h ," December 4, 1918, Inf permission of the Proprietors.) The New Army Mr. Winston Churchill, the Secretary of State for War, in a recent speech, made an important statement on the New Army. His main points are summarised below : Three men ou t of every four who were serving with the Colours on Novem ber 11th last are being let go, and the fou rth m an is being paid*double to finish up the job. The old Arm y is being re-created. A t least a year will be required to form the voluntary Arm y. R ecruits, m ostly volunteers for two or three yearn’ service, are joining a t the ra te of more than one thousand a day, and the rate is rising. If th a t continues, the Territorials who w ent to India a t the beginning of the w ar will be able to be relieved. The hiatus between the great compulsory armies which won the w ar and the com paratively small voluntary armios needed to guard the E m pire in peace m ust be bridged by em ergency measures. W hy we m ust m aintain a large force in the present year is th a t we are going to take m easures which will m ake it physically impossible for G erm any to begin a war of revenge, a t any rate during our life-time. G erm any will be m ade to pay w hat is rightful and possible in reparation of the dam age she has done. I t is absolutely un tru e to say th a t we are keeping large forces to fight in Russia. If Russia is to be saved, she m ust be saved by Russians. The new S tates in the E ast of Europe, particularly Poland, m ust bo safeguarded. The futuro of Europe and the whole effectiveness of the League of N ations depend on a trustw o rth y Allied force close to Germ any. ______ Our Total War Losses From a written reply, given by Mr. Bonar Law to Mr. Lambert, it would appear that tho final total of British war casualties from all causes is 2,882,954. The numbers of killed are: Officers, 38,409; other ranks, 635,534. Ninety-seven thousand deaths have been presumed on lapse of time, and there are 64,800 still counted as missing. Tho total number of wounded is 2,047,211. The naval losses show more killed than wounded. The former numbered 22,258, and the latter 4,849. Only twenty-three are untraced. The Archangel Government A letter from the Foreign Office dealing with the status and position of the Provisional Government of Northern Russia was read recently in the Admiralty Court in connection with a law case. The letter ran : In reply, I am to inform you th a t the Provisional G overnm ent of N orthern R ussia is composed of R ussian groups who do no t recognise tho au th ority of tho R ussian Central Soviet G overnm ent established a t Moscow. The seat of the G overnm ent is Archangel and it extends its au th ority over tho territo ry su r­ rounding th a t p o rt and to the west of the W hite Sea up to the Finnish frontier. As the title assumed by th a t G overnm ent indicates, it is m erely pro* visional in natu re, and has n o t been form ally recognised either by his M ajesty’s G overnm ent or by th e Allied Powers as the G overnm ent of a sovereign independent Stato. H is M ajesty’s G overnm ent and the Allied Powers arc, however, a t the present m om ent co-operating with the Provisional G overnm ent in the opposition which th a t G overnm ent is m aking to the forces of the Russian Soviet G overnm ent, who are engaged in • aggressive m ilitary operations against it, and are represented a t Archangel by a B ritish Commissioner. The representative of tho Provisional G overnm ent in London is Monsieur Nabokof£, through whom his M ajesty’s G overnm ent conduct com m unications with the Archangel Provisional Governm ent. Lille Cotton Works, the first factory to be reconstructed in the region, was started on February 2 2 nd. ______ First-year students at Columbia University will be required to start history with a study of the Bolshevist disorders in the twentieth century and other present-day problems. Earlier periods will be studied afterwards, with particular reference to their bearing upon events of to-day. Through Sir Charles Wade, Agent-General for New South Wales, the Australian Canteens for Serbians have despatched to Serbia for relief pur­ poses large quantities of shirts and socks which have been given by the Australian Comforts Fund. Printed and published every Monday by the Proprietors, The A m a lg a m a te d P re s s , L t d ., The Fleetway House, Farringdon St.. London, E.C. 4. Advertisement Ollices: The Fleetway House, Farringdon St., London, E.C. 4. Registered for transmission by Canadian Magazine Post. Subscription rates: Inland, lOd. per copy. Abroad (except South Africa, Australasia, and Canada), 9£d. per copy. Canada only, 9d. per copy. Sole agents for South Africa, The Central News Agency, Ltd. Sole agents for Australia and New Zealand, Messrs. (Jordon & Gotch, Ltd.; and for Canada. The Imperial News Co., Ltd. Sold in Calcutta by The Standard Literature Co., 13/1, Old Court House St. Sat. March 15th, 1919. Y
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