The Great War Part 240, March 22nd 1919

A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE GREAT WAR ”PART 240. History in the Making I N this Part of The Great VVak Mr. Wrights narrative is brought down to the glorious Eleventh of November, when the vanquished and fleeing German hordes were granted the .respite they so little deserved, and the silence of the armistice fell upon the whore battle-front from the sea to Switzerland. The story of the fighting is followed by a concise and illuminating survey of Germ anys various tentative overtures for negotiations and of her conduct of the negotiations for an armistice, which were not such as to inspire confidence in her professions of a change of heart.S the time gradually draws near when this History will have to be brought to a conclusion the Editors receive a steadily increasing number of letters from subscribers suggesting or inquiring about subjeots yet to be dealt within its pages. Individual replies are sent to nearly every correspondent, but for the information of others a general reply may also be made here. And the first thing to be made plain is that the next Volume of The Great War which begins with Part 243 will also bethe last. The happy termination of hostilities last November stopped a t the souroe of origin the supply of material for an indefinite further number of volumes of a history of the war. I t then became possible for the first time to survey the existing material and to envisage this History as a complete whole. The Editors have decided th atone more volume will suffice to include everything essential and in the thirteen handsome volumes of which they will bo the fortunate possessors in the course of this year, subscribers will have a complete and superbly illustrated History of the Great War. QUITE a large number of correspondents express the hope that the air raids upon England and upon London particularly, will be dealt with. They will and the chapter completing the full story will be provided with charts showing where bombs were dropped. This has been done already in “The ”War- Illustrated with reference to London Paris, and Zeebrugge but the charts to be provided for The Great War will be printed in two colours red and black A remark made b y one lady when writing about this matter rather tends Heard at the Friday February 14th 1919 will rank as one of the worlds greatest dates for on that day the FjCague of Nations maybe said to have been born. President Wilson introducing the World's League of Nations Covenant at the Greatest Peace Conference in Paris and speak- Covenanting in English told the delegates that there had been a unanimous report from the representatives of fourteen nations—the United States Great Britain France Italy Japan, Belgium Brazil China Czecho-Slovakia Greece, Poland Portugal Rumania and Serbia. The document which is known as the Covenant was drawn up by the Commission constituted by the Peace Conference. The President then read the text of this historical Covenant and followed it up with a speech. Other Allied representatives also spoke. *It is not realised to what extent Constantinople was attacked by our intrepid airmen. The first intimation of the long arm of the British Air Force was conveyed to the public in July, Bombing 1917 when it was announced that a Constanti- Handley Page aeroplane had bombed nople the Ottoman capital after a flight from England. During the last year of the war Constantinople was subjected to a continuous series of attacks from the air. A Royal to suggest that subscribers do not quite realise, perhaps how much information about it has been given already in these pages. The fact of the publication of the History in weekly Parts may account for this and also the inevitable absence at present of a complete Index. Actually the war in the air has received its full proportion of space and when the great General Index to be presented free with the conclusion of Volume XIII. is available it will be found that nothing essential to completeness on this head has been overlooked. theN course of along letter from a sub­scriber whose patent interest in The Great War is very gratifying to the Editors a point is raised to which they have given a good deal of thought. What this reader desires is an account of the services of the regiments and battalions that especially distinguished themselves in the war and whose achievements were not specifically credited to them a t the time in communiques and despatches for various reasons of military expediency such as the importance of not acquainting the enemy precisely with the composition of the forces opposed to him on particular sectors of the front. The chief difficulty confronting the Editors here is the obvious one of selection a most invidious task when every regiment fought so superbly. Nevertheless it is their purpose to print a series of chapters containing records of regiments and giving all the information acces­sible as to the occasions and places where the various regiments were engaged. A special chapter will be devoted to the Tank Corps, written b they very first authority upon the subject and containing information that cannot fail to interest everyone. O L U MEX I I .of The Great War is now approaching completion Part 242 being its final instalm ent and the date of publication of that being now so nearly due it is time to remind subscribers of the advisability of ordering the binding-cases that they will require. The price for these remains as last fixed— viz. 3s. or 3s. 6d. post free for the wine-coloured cloth case and 5s. 6d. or 6s. post free for the excellent morocco substitute style. ?c. Listening Post Air Force Group was established in the /Egean, with aerodromes or stations at various points on the mainland and 011 islands of the Archipelago. Mudros was the base from which the enemy capital was attacked and from January 1918 until Turkey sued for peace raids were undertaken as often a the weather permitted both by Jay and by night. During that period fifty aeroplanes in all overflew Constantinople and caused the most intense fear and excitement among the inhabitants. *One of the features of the vast preparations the United States was making for carrying on the war, prior to the signing of the armistice by Germany was the institution of the Students' Students Army Training Corps which was Army drawn from practically every univer- Corps sity and college in America. There were in all about five hundred units in tfye corps which was rapidly developing into avery large force and naturally from its superior education and other advantages was of unusually fine potential quality. President Wilson and other prominent Americans took the greatest pride and interest in this body. Shortly after the signing of the armistice however it was disbanded as it was felt that in the circumstances the U.S. Army in the field and at home was more than equal to what might still remain to be done in Europe. On the other hand the authorities of the univer­sities and colleges field that a military training was so beneficial to students that the system, though changed should not be dropped altogether. The U.S. War Department now announoes that the American colleges will not give up their training from the military standpoint but will turn their attention to supplving men for the Reserve Officers* Training Corps before the war there were upwards of a hundred units of that organisation in the colleges but all received only infantry training. Already three hundred units of the Students Army Corps have transferred themselves to the Reserve Officers Training Corps and the rest are expected to join up. The training will no longer be ex­clusively for infantry but for all the various* branches of the American Army. *Drawing up the bill which Germany must pay for damages inflicted on civilians during the war will not prove an easy task (says the “Manchester Guardian ”)but those charged withDrawing it will probably come to a decision up the more quickly than the first body Bill formed to assess losses caused by warfare. This was the Parliamentary Commission appointed in July 1783 to report on the claims submitted by over 5000 Americans who had remained loyal to the British Government throughout the War of 'Independence. At first the Commissioners satin London but they soon realised that to give fair opportunities to all claimants it would be necessary to examine most of them personally. So they crossed the Atlantic and satin various towns ranging from New York to Montreal going into the claims (according to an American historian Professor Van Tyne) “with an impartial and judicial severity which the Loyalists denounced as an inquisition. They examined claims to the amount of $40,000,000. and ordered 19000000 to be paid.” The investi­gation lasted seven years and during that time no fewer than twelve separate reports were issued by the Commissioners. *The anniversary of the coming into operation of the London and Home Counties rationing sehemc occurred on February 25th and in this connection it is of interest to note some statistics Food of what was one of the most successful and and most smoothly run enterprises of Printing the war. The output of the Printing Branch of the Ministry of Food in 1918 amounted to nearly (X 3 X )000000 documents. In connection with the original ration cards tho total number of forms and cards printed was 84.000.000. For the first issue of ration books, (X 40 X )000 books of eleven leaves for adults 10.000.000 books of nine leaves for children some 20.000.000 books of four leaves for persons entitled to supplementary rations 011 the ground of occupa­tions and 6000000 books for the use of soldiers and sailors on leave were prepared. The materials used for this one issue included 53000 reams of paper 33 tons of metal for type and 4580 miles of wire for stitching the books. Apart from the ration cards and books leaflets and forms were circulated anon extensive scale. In ono week during the eriod j of the early rationing scheme three documents sent outran to 1015 and 20 million leaflets respectively. *On February 23rd there was a ceremony at the Trocadero in Paris in memory of the German attack on Verdun which began on February 21st, 1916. The Ambassadors of the Allied Powers and several British generals were present. *Berlin newspapers announce that the Government intend to requisition all foreign bonds and shares now owned by Germans in Germany with thoN exception of Russian bonds. A special law in­demnifying the holders will be passed later. The World To-day is continued on page iii.
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